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ACETADOTE

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Overview

What is ACETADOTE?

Acetylcysteine injection is an intravenous antidote for the treatment of acetaminophen overdose. Acetylcysteine is the nonproprietary name for the N-acetyl derivative of the naturally occurring amino acid, L-cysteine (N-acetyl-L-cysteine,). The compound is a white crystalline powder, which melts in the range of 104° to 110°C and has a very slight odor. The molecular formula of the compound is CHNOS, and its molecular weight is 163.2. Acetylcysteine has the following structural formula:

ACETADOTE is supplied as a sterile solution in vials containing 20% w/v (200 mg/mL) acetylcysteine. The pH of the solution ranges from 6.0 to 7.5. ACETADOTE contains the following inactive ingredients: sodium hydroxide (used for pH adjustment), and Sterile Water for Injection, USP.



What does ACETADOTE look like?



What are the available doses of ACETADOTE?

Injection: 6 grams/30 mL (200 mg/mL) in a single-dose vial ()

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take ACETADOTE?

How should I use ACETADOTE?

ACETADOTE is indicated to prevent or lessen hepatic injury after ingestion of a potentially hepatotoxic quantity of acetaminophen in patients with acute ingestion or from repeated supratherapeutic ingestion (RSI).

The following recommendations are related to acute acetaminophen ingestion. For recommendations related to repeated supratherapeutic exposure see .


What interacts with ACETADOTE?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of ACETADOTE?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of ACETADOTE?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of ACETADOTE?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using ACETADOTE?

ACETADOTE is contraindicated in patients with a previous hypersensitivity reaction to acetylcysteine .


What might happen if I take too much ACETADOTE?

Single intravenous doses of acetylcysteine at 1000 mg/kg in mice, 2445 mg/kg in rats, 1500 mg/kg in guinea pigs, 1200 mg/kg in rabbits and 500 mg/kg in dogs were lethal. Symptoms of acute toxicity in the animals were ataxia, hypoactivity, labored respiration, cyanosis, loss of righting reflex and convulsions.


How should I store and handle ACETADOTE?

Storage: Store Naftifine Hydrochloride Cream USP, 2% at ° [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].ACETADOTE (acetylcysteine) injection is available as a 20% solution (200 mg/mL) in 30 mL single-dose glass vials. Each single dose vial contains 6 g/30mL (200 mg/mL) of ACETADOTE injection. ACETADOTE is sterile and can be used for intravenous administration. It is available as follows: Do not use previously opened vials for intravenous administration. Note:The stopper in the ACETADOTE vial is formulated with a synthetic base-polymer and does not contain Natural Rubber Latex, Dry Natural Rubber, or blends of Natural Rubber. Store unopened vials at controlled room temperature, 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature] ACETADOTE (acetylcysteine) injection is available as a 20% solution (200 mg/mL) in 30 mL single-dose glass vials. Each single dose vial contains 6 g/30mL (200 mg/mL) of ACETADOTE injection. ACETADOTE is sterile and can be used for intravenous administration. It is available as follows: Do not use previously opened vials for intravenous administration. Note:The stopper in the ACETADOTE vial is formulated with a synthetic base-polymer and does not contain Natural Rubber Latex, Dry Natural Rubber, or blends of Natural Rubber. Store unopened vials at controlled room temperature, 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature] ACETADOTE (acetylcysteine) injection is available as a 20% solution (200 mg/mL) in 30 mL single-dose glass vials. Each single dose vial contains 6 g/30mL (200 mg/mL) of ACETADOTE injection. ACETADOTE is sterile and can be used for intravenous administration. It is available as follows: Do not use previously opened vials for intravenous administration. Note:The stopper in the ACETADOTE vial is formulated with a synthetic base-polymer and does not contain Natural Rubber Latex, Dry Natural Rubber, or blends of Natural Rubber. Store unopened vials at controlled room temperature, 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature] ACETADOTE (acetylcysteine) injection is available as a 20% solution (200 mg/mL) in 30 mL single-dose glass vials. Each single dose vial contains 6 g/30mL (200 mg/mL) of ACETADOTE injection. ACETADOTE is sterile and can be used for intravenous administration. It is available as follows: Do not use previously opened vials for intravenous administration. Note:The stopper in the ACETADOTE vial is formulated with a synthetic base-polymer and does not contain Natural Rubber Latex, Dry Natural Rubber, or blends of Natural Rubber. Store unopened vials at controlled room temperature, 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature] ACETADOTE (acetylcysteine) injection is available as a 20% solution (200 mg/mL) in 30 mL single-dose glass vials. Each single dose vial contains 6 g/30mL (200 mg/mL) of ACETADOTE injection. ACETADOTE is sterile and can be used for intravenous administration. It is available as follows: Do not use previously opened vials for intravenous administration. Note:The stopper in the ACETADOTE vial is formulated with a synthetic base-polymer and does not contain Natural Rubber Latex, Dry Natural Rubber, or blends of Natural Rubber. Store unopened vials at controlled room temperature, 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

Acetylcysteine has been shown to reduce the extent of liver injury following acetaminophen overdose. Acetaminophen doses of 150 mg/kg or greater have been associated with hepatotoxicity. Acetylcysteine probably protects the liver by maintaining or restoring the glutathione levels, or by acting as an alternate substrate for conjugation with, and thus detoxification of, the reactive metabolite of acetaminophen.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
ACETADOTE is contraindicated in patients with a previous hypersensitivity reaction to acetylcysteine .

The effects of metoclopramide on gastrointestinal motility are antagonized by anticholinergic drugs and narcotic analgesics. Additive sedative effects can occur when metoclopramide is given with alcohol, sedatives, hypnotics, narcotics, or tranquilizers.

The finding that metoclopramide releases catecholamines in patients with essential hypertension suggests that it should be used cautiously, if at all, in patients receiving monoamine oxidase inhibitors.

Absorption of drugs from the stomach may be diminished (e.g., digoxin) by metoclopramide, whereas the rate and/or extent of absorption of drugs from the small bowel may be increased (e.g., acetaminophen, tetracycline, levodopa, ethanol, cyclosporine).

Gastroparesis (gastric stasis) may be responsible for poor diabetic control in some patients. Exogenously administered insulin may begin to act before food has left the stomach and lead to hypoglycemia. Because the action of metoclopramide will influence the delivery of food to the intestines and thus the rate of absorption, insulin dosage or timing of dosage may require adjustment.

Serious acute hypersensitivity reactions during acetylcysteine administration including rash, hypotension, wheezing, and/or shortness of breath, have been observed in patients receiving intravenous acetylcysteine for acetaminophen overdose and occurred soon after initiation of the infusion . If a severe hypersensitivity reaction occurs, immediately stop the infusion of ACETADOTE and initiate appropriate treatment.

One patient with asthma developed bronchospasm and died after intravenous administration of acetylcysteine. ACETADOTE should be used with caution in patients with asthma, or where there is a history of bronchospasm. Patients with asthma should be closely monitored during initiation of ACETADOTE therapy and throughout ACETADOTE therapy.

Acute flushing and erythema of the skin may occur in patients receiving acetylcysteine intravenously. These reactions usually occur 30 to 60 minutes after initiating the infusion and often resolve spontaneously despite continued infusion of acetylcysteine. If a reaction to acetylcysteine involves more than simply flushing and erythema of the skin, it should be treated as a hypersensitivity reaction.

Management of less severe hypersensitivity reactions should be based upon the severity of the reaction and include temporary interruption of the infusion and/or administration of antihistaminic drugs. The ACETADOTE infusion may be carefully restarted after treatment of the hypersensitivity symptoms has been initiated; however, if the hypersensitivity reaction returns upon re-initiation of treatment or increases in severity, ACETADOTE should be discontinued and alternative patient management should be considered.

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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