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alogliptin and metformin hydrochloride

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Overview

What is alogliptin and metformin hydrochloride?

Alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets contain two oral antihyperglycemic drugs used in the management of type 2 diabetes: alogliptin and metformin hydrochloride.



What does alogliptin and metformin hydrochloride look like?



What are the available doses of alogliptin and metformin hydrochloride?

Tablets: 12.5 mg alogliptin and 500 mg metformin HCl, 12.5 mg alogliptin and 1000 mg metformin HCl. ()

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take alogliptin and metformin hydrochloride?

How should I use alogliptin and metformin hydrochloride?

Alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets are a dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor and a biguanide combination product indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. ()

Important Limitations of Use: Not for treatment of type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis. ()

Individualize the starting dose based on the patient's current regimen. ()

Give twice daily with food. ()

Adjust the dosing based on effectiveness and tolerability while not exceeding the maximum recommended daily dose of 25 mg alogliptin and 2000 mg metformin HCl. ()

Prior to initiation, assess renal function with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). ()

Alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets may need to be discontinued at time of, or prior to, iodinated contrast imaging procedures. ()


What interacts with alogliptin and metformin hydrochloride?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of alogliptin and metformin hydrochloride?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of alogliptin and metformin hydrochloride?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of alogliptin and metformin hydrochloride?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using alogliptin and metformin hydrochloride?

Alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets are contraindicated in patients with:

Postmarketing cases of metformin-associated lactic acidosis have resulted in death, hypothermia, hypotension, and resistant bradyarrhythmias. The onset of metformin-associated lactic acidosis is often subtle, accompanied only by nonspecific symptoms such as malaise, myalgias, respiratory distress, somnolence, and abdominal pain. Metformin-associated lactic acidosis was characterized by elevated blood lactate levels (greater than 5 mmol/L), anion gap acidosis (without evidence of ketonuria or ketonemia), an increased lactate/pyruvate ratio; and metformin plasma levels generally greater than 5 mcg/mL.

Risk factors for metformin-associated lactic acidosis include renal impairment, concomitant use of certain drugs (e.g., carbonic anhydrase inhibitors such as topiramate), age 65 years old or greater, having a radiological study with contrast, surgery and other procedures, hypoxic states (e.g., acute congestive heart failure), excessive alcohol intake, and hepatic impairment.

Steps to reduce the risk of and manage metformin-associated lactic acidosis in these high risk groups are provided in the Full Prescribing Information.

If metformin-associated lactic acidosis is suspected, immediately discontinue alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets and institute general supportive measures in a hospital setting. Prompt hemodialysis is recommended


What might happen if I take too much alogliptin and metformin hydrochloride?


How should I store and handle alogliptin and metformin hydrochloride?

Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15 to 30°C (59 to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].Alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets are available in the following strengths and packages: 12.5 mg/500 mg tablet: pale yellow, oblong, film-coated tablets with "12.5/500" debossed on one side and "322M" debossed on the other side, available in:12.5 mg/1000 mg tablet: pale yellow, oblong, film-coated tablets with "12.5/1000" debossed on one side and "322M" debossed on the other side, available in:Alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets are available in the following strengths and packages: 12.5 mg/500 mg tablet: pale yellow, oblong, film-coated tablets with "12.5/500" debossed on one side and "322M" debossed on the other side, available in:12.5 mg/1000 mg tablet: pale yellow, oblong, film-coated tablets with "12.5/1000" debossed on one side and "322M" debossed on the other side, available in:


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

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Clinical Pharmacology

Non-Clinical Toxicology
Alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets are contraindicated in patients with:

Postmarketing cases of metformin-associated lactic acidosis have resulted in death, hypothermia, hypotension, and resistant bradyarrhythmias. The onset of metformin-associated lactic acidosis is often subtle, accompanied only by nonspecific symptoms such as malaise, myalgias, respiratory distress, somnolence, and abdominal pain. Metformin-associated lactic acidosis was characterized by elevated blood lactate levels (greater than 5 mmol/L), anion gap acidosis (without evidence of ketonuria or ketonemia), an increased lactate/pyruvate ratio; and metformin plasma levels generally greater than 5 mcg/mL.

Risk factors for metformin-associated lactic acidosis include renal impairment, concomitant use of certain drugs (e.g., carbonic anhydrase inhibitors such as topiramate), age 65 years old or greater, having a radiological study with contrast, surgery and other procedures, hypoxic states (e.g., acute congestive heart failure), excessive alcohol intake, and hepatic impairment.

Steps to reduce the risk of and manage metformin-associated lactic acidosis in these high risk groups are provided in the Full Prescribing Information.

If metformin-associated lactic acidosis is suspected, immediately discontinue alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets and institute general supportive measures in a hospital setting. Prompt hemodialysis is recommended

When given concurrently the following drugs may interact with thiazide diuretics.





































Lactic acidosis: See boxed warning. ()

Acute pancreatitis: There have been postmarketing reports of acute pancreatitis. If pancreatitis is suspected, promptly discontinue alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets. ()

Heart failure: Consider the risks and benefits of alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets prior to initiating treatment in patients at risk for heart failure. If heart failure develops, evaluate and manage according to current standards of care and consider discontinuation of alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets. ()

Hypersensitivity: There have been postmarketing reports of serious hypersensitivity reactions in patients treated with alogliptin such as anaphylaxis, angioedema and severe cutaneous adverse reactions, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome. In such cases, promptly discontinue alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets, assess for other potential causes, institute appropriate monitoring and treatment and initiate alternative treatment for diabetes. ()

Hepatic effects: Postmarketing reports of hepatic failure, sometimes fatal. Causality cannot be excluded. If liver injury is detected, promptly interrupt alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets and assess patient for probable cause, then treat cause if possible, to resolution or stabilization. Do not restart alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets if liver injury is confirmed and no alternative etiology can be found. ()

Vitamin Bdeficiency: Metformin may lower vitamin Blevels. Monitor hematologic parameters annually. ()

Hypoglycemia: When used with an insulin secretagogue (e.g., sulfonylurea) or with insulin, a lower dose of the insulin secretagogue or insulin may be required to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia. ()

Arthralgia: Severe and disabling arthralgia has been reported in patients taking DPP-4 inhibitors. Consider as a possible cause for severe joint pain and discontinue drug if appropriate. ()

Bullous pemphigoid: There have been postmarketing reports of bullous pemphigoid requiring hospitalization in patients taking DPP-4 inhibitors. Tell patients to report development of blisters or erosions. If bullous pemphigoid is suspected, discontinue alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets. ()

Macrovascular outcomes: There have been no clinical studies establishing conclusive evidence of macrovascular risk reduction with alogliptin and metformin HCl tablets or any other antidiabetic drug. ()

The following serious adverse reactions are described below or elsewhere in the prescribing information:

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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