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Angiomax

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Overview

What is Angiomax?

Angiomax contains bivalirudin which is a specific and reversible direct thrombin inhibitor. Bivalirudin is a synthetic, 20 amino acid peptide, with the chemical name of D-phenylalanyl-L-prolyl-L-arginyl-L-prolyl-glycyl-glycyl-glycyl-glycyl-L-asparagyl-glycyl-L-aspartyl-L-phenylalanyl-L-glutamyl-L-glutamyl-L-isoleucyl-L-prolyl-L-glutamyl-L-glutamyl-L-tyrosyl-L-leucine. The active pharmaceutical ingredient is in the form of bivalirudin trifluoroacetate as a white to off-white powder. The chemical name for bivalirudin trifluoroacetate is D-phenylalanyl-L-prolyl-L-arginyl-L-prolyl-glycyl-glycyl-glycyl-glycyl-L-asparagyl-glycyl-L-aspartyl-L-phenylalanyl-L-glutamyl-L-glutamyl-L-isoleucyl-L-prolyl-L-glutamyl-L-glutamyl-L-tyrosyl-L-leucine trifluoroacetate (). The molecular weight of bivalirudin is 2180 daltons (anhydrous free base peptide).

Figure 1:  Structure formula for bivalirudin trifluoroacetate

Angiomax is supplied as a sterile white lyophilized cake, in single-dose vials. Each vial contains 250 mg bivalirudin, equivalent to an average of 275 mg of bivalirudin trifluoroactetate*, 125 mg mannitol, and sodium hydroxide to adjust the pH to 5-6 (equivalent of approximately 12.5 mg sodium). When reconstituted with Sterile Water for Injection, the product yields a clear to opalescent, colorless to slightly yellow solution, pH 5-6.

*The range of bivalirudin trifluoroacetate is 270 mg to 280 mg based on a range of trifluoroacetic acid composition of 1.7 to 2.6 equivalents.



What does Angiomax look like?



What are the available doses of Angiomax?

For injection: 250 mg of bivalirudin in a single-dose vial for reconstitution. ()

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Angiomax?

Geriatric patients

Renal impairment

 

How should I use Angiomax?

Angiomax (bivalirudin) is indicated for use as an anticoagulant in patients with unstable angina undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA).

Angiomax is for intravenous administration only.

Angiomax is intended for use with aspirin (300-325 mg daily) and has been studied only in patients receiving concomitant aspirin.

For patients who do not have HIT/HITTS

The recommended dose of Angiomax is an intravenous (IV) bolus dose of 0.75 mg/kg, followed immediately by an infusion of 1.75 mg/kg/h for the duration of the PCI/PTCA procedure. Five min after the bolus dose has been administered, an activated clotting time (ACT) should be performed and an additional bolus of 0.3 mg/kg should be given if needed.

GPI administration should be considered in the event that any of the conditions listed in the REPLACE-2 clinical trial description is present.

For patients who have HIT/HITTS

The recommended dose of Angiomax in patients with HIT/HITTS undergoing PCI is an IV bolus of 0.75 mg/kg. This should be followed immediately by a continuous infusion at a rate of 1.75 mg/kg/h for the duration of the procedure.

For ongoing treatment post procedure

Angiomax infusion may be continued following PCI/PTCA for up to 4 hours post-procedure at the discretion of the treating physician.

In patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) continuation of the Angiomax infusion at a rate of 1.75 mg/kg/h following PCI/PTCA for up to 4 hours post-procedure should be considered to mitigate risk of stent thrombosis

After four hours, an additional IV infusion of Angiomax may be initiated at a rate of 0.2 mg/kg/h (low-rate infusion), for up to 20 hours, if needed.


What interacts with Angiomax?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of Angiomax?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Angiomax?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of Angiomax?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Angiomax?

Angiomax is contraindicated in patients with:


What might happen if I take too much Angiomax?

Cases of overdose of up to 10 times the recommended bolus or continuous infusion dose of Angiomax have been reported in clinical trials and in postmarketing reports. A number of the reported overdoses were due to failure to adjust the infusion dose of bivalirudin in persons with renal dysfunction including persons on hemodialysis . Bleeding, as well as deaths due to hemorrhage, have been observed in some reports of overdose. In cases of suspected overdosage, discontinue Angiomax immediately and monitor the patient closely for signs of bleeding. There is no known antidote to Angiomax. Angiomax is hemodialyzable .


How should I store and handle Angiomax?

Storage ConditionsStore refrigerated between 2° and 8°C (36° and 46°F). Upon removal from refrigeration to room temperature storage conditions (25°C / 77°F), use Rocuronium Bromide Injection within 60 days. Use opened vials of Rocuronium Bromide Injection within 30 days. Do not freeze.Storage ConditionsStore refrigerated between 2° and 8°C (36° and 46°F). Upon removal from refrigeration to room temperature storage conditions (25°C / 77°F), use Rocuronium Bromide Injection within 60 days. Use opened vials of Rocuronium Bromide Injection within 30 days. Do not freeze.Storage ConditionsStore refrigerated between 2° and 8°C (36° and 46°F). Upon removal from refrigeration to room temperature storage conditions (25°C / 77°F), use Rocuronium Bromide Injection within 60 days. Use opened vials of Rocuronium Bromide Injection within 30 days. Do not freeze.Angiomax is supplied as a sterile, lyophilized powder in single-dose, glass vials. Each vial contains 250 mg of bivalirudin equivalent to an average of 275 mg of bivalirudin trifluoroacetate*.*The range of bivalirudin trifluoroacetate is 270 to 280 mg based on a range of trifluoroacetic acid composition of 1.7 to 2.6 equivalents.NDC 65293-001-01Store Angiomax dosage units at 20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F). Excursions to 15 to 30°C permitted [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].Angiomax is supplied as a sterile, lyophilized powder in single-dose, glass vials. Each vial contains 250 mg of bivalirudin equivalent to an average of 275 mg of bivalirudin trifluoroacetate*.*The range of bivalirudin trifluoroacetate is 270 to 280 mg based on a range of trifluoroacetic acid composition of 1.7 to 2.6 equivalents.NDC 65293-001-01Store Angiomax dosage units at 20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F). Excursions to 15 to 30°C permitted [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].Angiomax is supplied as a sterile, lyophilized powder in single-dose, glass vials. Each vial contains 250 mg of bivalirudin equivalent to an average of 275 mg of bivalirudin trifluoroacetate*.*The range of bivalirudin trifluoroacetate is 270 to 280 mg based on a range of trifluoroacetic acid composition of 1.7 to 2.6 equivalents.NDC 65293-001-01Store Angiomax dosage units at 20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F). Excursions to 15 to 30°C permitted [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].Angiomax is supplied as a sterile, lyophilized powder in single-dose, glass vials. Each vial contains 250 mg of bivalirudin equivalent to an average of 275 mg of bivalirudin trifluoroacetate*.*The range of bivalirudin trifluoroacetate is 270 to 280 mg based on a range of trifluoroacetic acid composition of 1.7 to 2.6 equivalents.NDC 65293-001-01Store Angiomax dosage units at 20 to 25°C (68 to 77°F). Excursions to 15 to 30°C permitted [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

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Clinical Pharmacology

Bivalirudin directly inhibits thrombin by specifically binding both to the catalytic site and to the anion-binding exosite of circulating and clot-bound thrombin. Thrombin is a serine proteinase that plays a central role in the thrombotic process, acting to cleave fibrinogen into fibrin monomers and to activate Factor XIII to Factor XIIIa, allowing fibrin to develop a covalently cross-linked framework which stabilizes the thrombus; thrombin also activates Factors V and VIII, promoting further thrombin generation, and activates platelets, stimulating aggregation and granule release. The binding of bivalirudin to thrombin is reversible as thrombin slowly cleaves the bivalirudin-Arg-Pro bond, resulting in recovery of thrombin active site functions.

In studies, bivalirudin inhibited both soluble (free) and clot-bound thrombin, was not neutralized by products of the platelet release reaction, and prolonged the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), thrombin time (TT), and prothrombin time (PT) of normal human plasma in a concentration-dependent manner. The clinical relevance of these findings is unknown.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
Angiomax is contraindicated in patients with:

Some additives may be incompatible. Consult with pharmacist. When introducing additives, use aseptic technique. Mix thoroughly. Do not store.

Although most bleeding associated with the use of Angiomax in PCI/PTCA occurs at the site of arterial puncture, hemorrhage can occur at any site. An unexplained fall in blood pressure or hematocrit should lead to serious consideration of a hemorrhagic event and cessation of Angiomax administration . Angiomax should be used with caution in patients with disease states associated with an increased risk of bleeding.

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

A total of 440 drugs (1549 brand and generic names) are known to interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib). 228 major drug interactions (854 brand and generic names) 210 moderate drug interactions (691 brand and generic names) 2 minor drug interactions (4 brand and generic names) Show all medications in the database that may interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib).