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Desogestrel and Ethinyl Estradiol

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Overview

What is Apri?

Apri (desogestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets USP) blister cards provide an oral contraceptive regimen of 21 rose-colored, round tablets each containing 0.15 mg desogestrel (13-ethyl-11-methylene-18,19-dinor-17 alpha-pregn-4-en-20-yn-17-ol) and 0.03 mg ethinyl estradiol, USP (19-nor-17 alpha-pregna-1,3,5 (10)-trien-20-yne-3,17-diol). Inactive ingredients include colloidal silicon dioxide, FD&C Blue No. 2 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Red No. 40 Aluminum Lake, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, lactose monohydrate, polyethylene glycol, polysorbate 80, povidone, pregelatinized corn starch, stearic acid, titanium dioxide, and vitamin E.

Apri blister cards also contain 7 white “inactive” tablets for oral administration, containing the following inactive ingredients: lactose anhydrous, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose and pregelatinized corn starch.

Desogestrel

CHO M.W. 310.48

Ethinyl Estradiol, USP

CHO M.W. 296.40

The 21 rose-colored tablets meet USP Dissolution Test 2.



What does Apri look like?



What are the available doses of Apri?

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What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Apri?

Sorry No records found

How should I use Apri?

Apri (desogestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets USP) is indicated for the prevention of pregnancy in women who elect to use oral contraceptives as a method of contraception.

Oral contraceptives are highly effective. lists the typical accidental pregnancy rates for users of combined oral contraceptives and other methods of contraception. The efficacy of these contraceptive methods, except sterilization, the IUD, and the Norplant System depends upon the reliability with which they are used. Correct and consistent use of these methods can result in lower failure rates.

In a clinical trial with Apri (desogestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets USP), 1,195 subjects completed 11,656 cycles and a total of 10 pregnancies were reported. This represents an overall user-efficacy (typical user-efficacy) pregnancy rate of 1.12 per 100 women-years. This rate includes patients who did not take the drug correctly.

Table 1: PERCENTAGE OF WOMEN EXPERIENCING AN UNINTENDED PREGNANCY DURING THE FIRST YEAR OF TYPICAL USE AND THE FIRST YEAR OF PERFECT USE OF CONTRACEPTION AND THE PERCENTAGE CONTINUING USE AT THE END OF THE FIRST YEAR. UNITED STATES.

Apri (desogestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets USP) has not been studied for and is not indicated for use in emergency contraception.

To achieve maximum contraceptive effectiveness, Apri must be taken exactly as directed and at intervals not exceeding 24 hours. Apri is available in the Tablet Dispenser which is preset for a Sunday Start. Day 1 Start is also provided.


What interacts with Apri?


  • Oral contraceptives should not be used in women who currently have the following conditions:

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    • Risk of Liver Enzyme Elevations with Concomitant Hepatitis C Treatment



What are the warnings of Apri?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Apri?

1. General

Patients should be counseled that this product does not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases.

2. Physical Examination and Follow-Up

It is good medical practice for all women to have annual history and physical examinations, including women using oral contraceptives. The physical examination, however, may be deferred until after initiation of oral contraceptives if requested by the woman and judged appropriate by the clinician. The physical examination should include special reference to blood pressure, breasts, abdomen and pelvic organs, including cervical cytology, and relevant laboratory tests. In case of undiagnosed, persistent or recurrent abnormal vaginal bleeding, appropriate measures should be conducted to rule out malignancy. Women with a strong family history of breast cancer or who have breast nodules should be monitored with particular care.

3. Lipid Disorders

Women who are being treated for hyperlipidemias should be followed closely if they elect to use oral contraceptives. Some progestogens may elevate LDL levels and may render the control of hyperlipidemias more difficult.

4. Liver Function

If jaundice develops in any woman receiving oral contraceptives, the medication should be discontinued. Steroid hormones may be poorly metabolized in patients with impaired liver function.

5. Fluid Retention

Oral contraceptives may cause some degree of fluid retention. They should be prescribed with caution, and only with careful monitoring, in patients with conditions which might be aggravated by fluid retention.

6. Emotional Disorders

Women with a history of depression should be carefully observed and the drug discontinued if depression recurs to a serious degree.

7. Contact Lenses

Contact lens wearers who develop visual changes or changes in lens tolerance should be assessed by an ophthalmologist.

8. Drug Interactions

Consult the labeling of concurrently-used drugs to obtain further information about interactions with hormonal contraceptives or the potential for enzyme alterations.

Effects of Other Drugs on Combined Hormonal Contraceptives

Substances decreasing the plasma concentrations of COCs and potentially diminishing the efficacy of COCs:

Drugs or herbal products that induce certain enzymes, including cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4), may decrease the plasma concentrations of COCs and potentially diminish the effectiveness of CHCs or increase breakthrough bleeding. Some drugs or herbal products that may decrease the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives include phenytoin, barbiturates, carbamazepine, bosentan, felbamate, griseofulvin, oxcarbazepine, rifampicin, topiramate, rifabutin, rufinamide, aprepitant, and products containing St. John’s wort. Interactions between hormonal contraceptives and other drugs may lead to breakthrough bleeding and/or contraceptive failure. Counsel women to use an alternative method of contraception or a back-up method when enzyme inducers are used with CHCs, and to continue back-up contraception for 28 days after discontinuing the enzyme inducer to ensure contraceptive reliability.

Substances increasing the plasma concentrations of COCs:

Co-administration of atorvastatin or rosuvastatin and certain COCs containing EE increase AUC values for EE by approximately 20-25%. Ascorbic acid and acetaminophen may increase plasma EE concentrations, possibly by inhibition of conjugation. CYP3A4 inhibitors such as itraconazole, voriconazole, fluconazole, grapefruit juice, or ketoconazole may increase plasma hormone concentrations.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/Hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease inhibitors and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors:

Significant changes (increase or decrease) in the plasma concentrations of estrogen and/or progestin have been noted in some cases of co-administration with HIV protease inhibitors (decrease [e.g., nelfinavir, ritonavir, darunavir/ritonavir, (fos)amprenavir/ritonavir, lopinavir/ritonavir, and tipranavir/ritonavir] or increase [e.g., indinavir and atazanavir/ritonavir]) /HCV protease inhibitors (decrease [e.g., boceprevir and telaprevir]) or with non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (decrease [e.g., nevirapine] or increase [e.g., etravirine]).

Concomitant Use with HCV Combination Therapy – Liver Enzyme Elevation

Do not co-administer Apri with HCV drug combinations containing ombitasvir/paritaprevir/ritonavir, with or without dasabuvir, due to potential for ALT elevations (see WARNINGS, ).

Colesevelam:

Effects of Combined Hormonal Contraceptives on Other Drugs

COCs containing EE may inhibit the metabolism of other compounds (e.g., cyclosporine, prednisolone, theophylline, tizanidine, and voriconazole) and increase their plasma concentrations. COCs have been shown to decrease plasma concentrations of acetaminophen, clofibric acid, morphine, salicylic acid, temazepam and lamotrigine. Significant decrease in plasma concentration of lamotrigine has been shown, likely due to induction of lamotrigine glucuronidation. This may reduce seizure control; therefore, dosage adjustments of lamotrigine may be necessary.

Women on thyroid hormone replacement therapy may need increased doses of thyroid hormone because serum concentrations of thyroid-binding globulin increases with use of COCs.

9. Interactions with Laboratory Tests

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Certain endocrine and liver function tests and blood components may be affected by oral contraceptives:

10. Carcinogenesis

See .

11. Pregnancy



12. Nursing Mothers

Small amounts of oral contraceptive steroids have been identified in the milk of nursing mothers and a few adverse effects on the child have been reported, including jaundice and breast enlargement. In addition, oral contraceptives given in the postpartum period may interfere with lactation by decreasing the quantity and quality of breast milk. If possible, the nursing mother should be advised not to use oral contraceptives but to use other forms of contraception until she has completely weaned her child.

13. Pediatric Use

Safety and efficacy of Apri Tablets have been established in women of reproductive age. Safety and efficacy are expected to be the same for postpubertal adolescents under the age of 16 and for users 16 years and older. Use of this product before menarche is not indicated.

14. Geriatric Use

This product has not been studied in women over 65 years of age and is not indicated in this population.


What are the side effects of Apri?

An increased risk of the following serious adverse reactions has been associated with the use of oral contraceptives (see ).

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The following adverse reactions have been reported in patients receiving oral contraceptives and are believed to be drug-related:

The following adverse reactions have been reported in users of oral contraceptives and a causal association has been neither confirmed nor refuted:


What should I look out for while using Apri?

Oral contraceptives should not be used in women who currently have the following conditions:


What might happen if I take too much Apri?

Serious ill effects have not been reported following acute ingestion of large doses of oral contraceptives by young children. Overdosage may cause nausea, and withdrawal bleeding may occur in females.


How should I store and handle Apri?

Dispense in a tight container as defined in the USP with a child-resistant closure.Apri (desogestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets USP) 28 tablets blister cards contain 21 rose-colored, round, film-coated, unscored, biconvex, tablets and 7 round, unscored white tablets. Each rose-colored tablet (debossed with “dp” on one side and “575” on the other side) contains 0.15 mg desogestrel and 0.03 mg ethinyl estradiol, USP. Each white tablet (debossed with “dp” on one side and “570” on the other side) contains inert ingredients.Cartons of 6 blister cards (NDC: 0555-9043-58).Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].KEEP THIS AND ALL MEDICATIONS OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.Apri (desogestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets USP) 28 tablets blister cards contain 21 rose-colored, round, film-coated, unscored, biconvex, tablets and 7 round, unscored white tablets. Each rose-colored tablet (debossed with “dp” on one side and “575” on the other side) contains 0.15 mg desogestrel and 0.03 mg ethinyl estradiol, USP. Each white tablet (debossed with “dp” on one side and “570” on the other side) contains inert ingredients.Cartons of 6 blister cards (NDC: 0555-9043-58).Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].KEEP THIS AND ALL MEDICATIONS OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.Apri (desogestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets USP) 28 tablets blister cards contain 21 rose-colored, round, film-coated, unscored, biconvex, tablets and 7 round, unscored white tablets. Each rose-colored tablet (debossed with “dp” on one side and “575” on the other side) contains 0.15 mg desogestrel and 0.03 mg ethinyl estradiol, USP. Each white tablet (debossed with “dp” on one side and “570” on the other side) contains inert ingredients.Cartons of 6 blister cards (NDC: 0555-9043-58).Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].KEEP THIS AND ALL MEDICATIONS OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.Apri (desogestrel and ethinyl estradiol tablets USP) 28 tablets blister cards contain 21 rose-colored, round, film-coated, unscored, biconvex, tablets and 7 round, unscored white tablets. Each rose-colored tablet (debossed with “dp” on one side and “575” on the other side) contains 0.15 mg desogestrel and 0.03 mg ethinyl estradiol, USP. Each white tablet (debossed with “dp” on one side and “570” on the other side) contains inert ingredients.Cartons of 6 blister cards (NDC: 0555-9043-58).Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].KEEP THIS AND ALL MEDICATIONS OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

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Clinical Pharmacology

Combined oral contraceptives act by suppression of gonadotropins. Although the primary mechanism of this action is inhibition of ovulation, other alterations include changes in the cervical mucus, which increase the difficulty of sperm entry into the uterus, and changes in the endometrium which reduce the likelihood of implantation.

Receptor binding studies, as well as studies in animals, have shown that 3-keto-desogestrel, the biologically active metabolite of desogestrel, combines high progestational activity with minimal intrinsic androgenicity. The relevance of this latter finding in humans is unknown.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
Oral contraceptives should not be used in women who currently have the following conditions:

When administered concomitantly with midodrine, cardiac glycosides may enhance or precipitate bradycardia, A.V. block or arrhythmia.

The use of drugs that stimulate alpha-adrenergic receptors (e.g., phenylephrine, pseudoephedrine, ephedrine, phenylpropanolamine or dihydroergotamine) may enhance or potentiate the pressor effects of midodrine. Therefore, caution should be used when midodrine is administered concomitantly with agents that cause vasoconstriction.

Midodrine has been used in patients concomitantly treated with salt-retaining steroid therapy (i.e., fludrocortisone acetate), with or without salt supplementation. The potential for supine hypertension should be carefully monitored in these patients and may be minimized by either reducing the dose of fludrocortisone acetate or decreasing the salt intake prior to initiation of treatment with midodrine. Alpha-adrenergic blocking agents, such as prazosin, terazosin, and doxazosin, can antagonize the effects of midodrine.

Patients should be counseled that this product does not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted diseases.

An increased risk of the following serious adverse reactions has been associated with the use of oral contraceptives (see ).

The following adverse reactions have been reported in patients receiving oral contraceptives and are believed to be drug-related:

The following adverse reactions have been reported in users of oral contraceptives and a causal association has been neither confirmed nor refuted:

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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