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BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE

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Overview

What is BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE?

Betamethasone Dipropionate Cream, Ointment and Lotion contain betamethasone dipropionate USP, a synthetic adrenocorticosteroid, for dermatologic use. Betamethasone, an analog of prednisolone, has a high degree of glucocorticoid activity and a slight degree of mineralocorticoid activity.

Betamethasone dipropionate is a white to cream white odorless crystalline powder insoluble in water. Chemically, it is 9-fluoro-11β,17,21-trihydroxy-16β-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione 17,21-dipropionate. The structural formula is:

Each gram of the 0.05% Cream contains 0.64 mg betamethasone dipropionate (equivalent to 0.5 mg betamethasone) in a soft, white, hydrophilic cream of purified water, mineral oil, white petrolatum, polyethylene glycol 1000 monocetyl ether, cetostearyl alcohol, monobasic sodium phosphate and phosphoric acid or sodium hydroxide; chlorocresol is present as a preservative.

Each gram of the 0.05% Ointment contains 0.64 mg betamethasone dipropionate (equivalent to 0.5 mg betamethasone) in an ointment base of mineral oil and white petrolatum.

Each gram of the 0.05% Lotion contains 0.64 mg betamethasone dipropionate (equivalent to 0.5 mg betamethasone) in a vehicle of isopropyl alcohol and purified water slightly thickened with carbomer 934P. Phosphoric acid or sodium hydroxide is used to adjust pH.



What does BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE look like?



What are the available doses of BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE?

Sorry No records found.

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE?

Sorry No records found

How should I use BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE?

Topical corticosteroids are indicated for the relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses.

Apply a thin film of Betamethasone Dipropionate Cream or Ointment to the affected skin areas once daily. In some cases, twice daily dosage may be necessary.

Apply a few drops of Betamethasone Dipropionate Lotion to the affected skin areas and massage lightly until it disappears. Apply twice daily, in the morning and at night.

If an infection develops, appropriate antimicrobial therapy should be instituted.

Betamethasone Dipropionate products should not be used with occlusive dressings.


What interacts with BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE?

Topical corticosteroids are contraindicated in those patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of the components of the preparation.



What are the warnings of BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE?

General:

Conditions which augment systemic absorption include the application of the more potent steroids, use over large surface areas, prolonged use, and the addition of occlusive dressings (See ).

Therefore, patients receiving a large dose of a potent topical steroid applied to a large surface area should be evaluated periodically for evidence of HPA axis suppression by using the urinary free cortisol and ACTH stimulation tests. If HPA axis suppression is noted, an attempt should be made to withdraw the drug, to reduce the frequency of application, or to substitute a less potent steroid.

Recovery of HPA axis function is generally prompt and complete upon discontinuation of the drug. Infrequently, signs and symptoms of steroid withdrawal may occur, requiring supplemental systemic corticosteroids.

Children may absorb proportionally larger amounts of topical corticosteroids and thus be more susceptible to systemic toxicity (See ). If irritation develops, topical corticosteroids should be discontinued and appropriate therapy institute.

In the presence of dermatological infections, the use of an appropriate antifungal or antibacterial agent should be instituted. If a favorable response does not occur promptly, the corticosteroid should be discontinued until the infection has been adequately controlled.











            Information for Patients:

            Laboratory tests:

            Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis and Impairment of Fertility:

            Studies to determine mutagenicity with prednisolone and hydrocortisone have revealed negative results.

            Pregnancy:

            Teratogenic Effects

            Pregnancy Category C.

            Nursing Mothers:

            not

            Pediatric Use: Pediatric patients may demonstrate greater susceptibility to topical corticosteroid-induced HPA axis suppression and Cushing's syndrome than mature patients because of a larger skin surface area to body weight ratio.

            Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression, Cushing's syndrome, and intracranial hypertension have been reported in children receiving topical corticosteroids. Manifestations of adrenal suppression in children include linear growth retardation, delayed weight gain, low plasma cortisol levels, and absence of response to ACTH stimulation. Manifestations of intracranial hypertension include bulging fontanelles, headaches, and bilateral papilledema.

            Administration of topical corticosteroids to pediatric patients should be limited to the least amount compatible with an effective therapeutic regimen. Chronic corticosteroid therapy may interfere with the growth and development of children.


            What are the side effects of BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE?

            The following local adverse reactions are reported infrequently when Betamethasone Dipropionate products are used as recommended in the section. These reactions are listed in an approximate decreasing order of occurrence: burning, itching, irritation, dryness, folliculitis, hypertrichosis, acneiform eruptions, hypopigmentation, perioral dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, maceration of the skin, secondary infections, skin atrophy, striae and miliaria.

            Systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids has produced reversible hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression, manifestations of Cushing's syndrome, hyperglycemia and glucosuria in some patients.


            What should I look out for while using BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE?

            Topical corticosteroids are contraindicated in those patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of the components of the preparation.


            What might happen if I take too much BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE?

            Topically applied corticosteroids can be absorbed in sufficient amounts to produce systemic effects (See ).


            How should I store and handle BETAMETHASONE DIPROPIONATE?

            Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].Keep out of reach of children.Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].Keep out of reach of children.Store at 25°C, excursions permitted between 15° and 30°C. Protect from light and freezing.E. FOUGERA & CO.I255H R1/08 #74Store at 25°C, excursions permitted between 15° and 30°C. Protect from light and freezing.E. FOUGERA & CO.I255H R1/08 #74Store at 25°C, excursions permitted between 15° and 30°C. Protect from light and freezing.E. FOUGERA & CO.I255H R1/08 #74


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            Clinical Information

            Chemical Structure

            No Image found
            Clinical Pharmacology

            Topical corticosteroids share anti-inflammatory, anti-pruritic and vasoconstrictive actions.

            The mechanism of anti-inflammatory activity of the topical corticosteroids is unclear. Various laboratory methods, including vasoconstrictor assays, are used to compare and predict potencies and/or clinical efficacies of the topical corticosteroids. There is some evidence to suggest that a recognizable correlation exists between vasoconstrictor potency and therapeutic efficacy in man.

            Non-Clinical Toxicology
            Topical corticosteroids are contraindicated in those patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of the components of the preparation.

            The vasodilating effects of isosorbide mononitrate may be additive with those of other vasodilators. Alcohol, in particular, has been found to exhibit additive effects of this variety.

            Marked symptomatic orthostatic hypotension has been reported when calcium channel blockers and organic nitrates were used in combination. Dose adjustments of either class of agents may be necessary.

            General:

            Conditions which augment systemic absorption include the application of the more potent steroids, use over large surface areas, prolonged use, and the addition of occlusive dressings (See ).

            Therefore, patients receiving a large dose of a potent topical steroid applied to a large surface area should be evaluated periodically for evidence of HPA axis suppression by using the urinary free cortisol and ACTH stimulation tests. If HPA axis suppression is noted, an attempt should be made to withdraw the drug, to reduce the frequency of application, or to substitute a less potent steroid.

            Recovery of HPA axis function is generally prompt and complete upon discontinuation of the drug. Infrequently, signs and symptoms of steroid withdrawal may occur, requiring supplemental systemic corticosteroids.

            Children may absorb proportionally larger amounts of topical corticosteroids and thus be more susceptible to systemic toxicity (See ). If irritation develops, topical corticosteroids should be discontinued and appropriate therapy institute.

            In the presence of dermatological infections, the use of an appropriate antifungal or antibacterial agent should be instituted. If a favorable response does not occur promptly, the corticosteroid should be discontinued until the infection has been adequately controlled.

            The following local adverse reactions are reported infrequently when Betamethasone Dipropionate products are used as recommended in the section. These reactions are listed in an approximate decreasing order of occurrence: burning, itching, irritation, dryness, folliculitis, hypertrichosis, acneiform eruptions, hypopigmentation, perioral dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, maceration of the skin, secondary infections, skin atrophy, striae and miliaria.

            Systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids has produced reversible hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression, manifestations of Cushing's syndrome, hyperglycemia and glucosuria in some patients.

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            Reference

            This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
            "https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

            While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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            Professional

            Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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            Interactions

            Interactions

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