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Cetylev

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Overview

What is Cetylev?

Acetylcysteine is an antidote for the treatment of acetaminophen overdose. It is the N-acetyl derivative of the naturally-occurring amino acid, cysteine. Acetylcysteine is a white crystalline powder that is freely soluble in water, alcohol, practically insoluble in chloroform and in ether with the molecular formula CHNOS, a molecular weight of 163.2, and chemical name of N-acetyl-L-cysteine. Acetylcysteine has the following structural formula:

CETYLEV (acetylcysteine) effervescent tablets for oral solution contain 500 mg or 2.5 grams of acetylcysteine. The following are inactive ingredients: sodium bicarbonate, maltodextrin, lemon flavor, sucralose, peppermint flavor, and edetate disodium.

The amount of sodium in each tablet of CETYLEV is shown in Table 3.



What does Cetylev look like?



What are the available doses of Cetylev?

Effervescent tablets: 500 mg and 2.5 grams ()

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Cetylev?

How should I use Cetylev?

CETYLEV is indicated to prevent or lessen hepatic injury after ingestion of a potentially hepatotoxic quantity of acetaminophen in patients with acute ingestion or from repeated supratherapeutic ingestion (RSI).

The following recommendations are related to acute acetaminophen ingestion. For recommendations related to repeated supratherapeutic exposure see .


What interacts with Cetylev?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of Cetylev?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Cetylev?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of Cetylev?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Cetylev?

None.


What might happen if I take too much Cetylev?

Sorry No Records found


How should I store and handle Cetylev?

Protect VISIPAQUE from direct exposure to sunlight.Store VISIPAQUE at controlled room temperature, 20°C-25°C (68°F-77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C-30°C (59°F-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].VISIPAQUE may be stored in a contrast media warmer for up to one month at 37°C (98.6°F).Do not freeze. Discard any product that is inadvertently frozen, as freezing may compromise the closure integrity of the immediate container.Protect VISIPAQUE from direct exposure to sunlight.Store VISIPAQUE at controlled room temperature, 20°C-25°C (68°F-77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C-30°C (59°F-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].VISIPAQUE may be stored in a contrast media warmer for up to one month at 37°C (98.6°F).Do not freeze. Discard any product that is inadvertently frozen, as freezing may compromise the closure integrity of the immediate container.Protect VISIPAQUE from direct exposure to sunlight.Store VISIPAQUE at controlled room temperature, 20°C-25°C (68°F-77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C-30°C (59°F-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].VISIPAQUE may be stored in a contrast media warmer for up to one month at 37°C (98.6°F).Do not freeze. Discard any product that is inadvertently frozen, as freezing may compromise the closure integrity of the immediate container.Protect VISIPAQUE from direct exposure to sunlight.Store VISIPAQUE at controlled room temperature, 20°C-25°C (68°F-77°F); excursions permitted to 15°C-30°C (59°F-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].VISIPAQUE may be stored in a contrast media warmer for up to one month at 37°C (98.6°F).Do not freeze. Discard any product that is inadvertently frozen, as freezing may compromise the closure integrity of the immediate container.CETYLEV effervescent tablets are supplied as white, round, flat tablets with a lemon mint smell packaged in 2-count peelable foil blister packs in the following dosage strengths:


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

Acetylcysteine has been shown to reduce the extent of liver injury following acetaminophen overdose. Acetaminophen doses of 150 mg/kg or greater have been associated with hepatotoxicity. Acetylcysteine probably protects the liver by maintaining or restoring the glutathione levels, or by acting as an alternate substrate for conjugation with, and thus detoxification of, the reactive metabolite of acetaminophen.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
None.









































Drug/Laboratory test interactions:





A dose-related (above 20 mg/kg/day) incidence of myelocytic leukemia was observed in rats fed daily doses of potassium canrenoate (a compound chemically similar to spironolactone and whose primary metabolite, canrenone, is also a major product of spironolactone in man) for a period of one year. In two-year studies in the rat, oral administration of potassium canrenoate was associated with myelocytic leukemia and hepatic, thyroid, testicular and mammary tumors.

Neither spironolactone nor potassium canrenoate produced mutagenic effects in tests using bacteria or yeast. In the absence of metabolic activation, neither spironolactone nor potassium canrenoate has been shown to be mutagenic in mammalian tests In the presence of metabolic activation, spironolactone has been reported to be negative in some mammalian mutagenicity tests and inconclusive (but slightly positive) for mutagenicity in other mammalian tests In the presence of metabolic activation, potassium canrenoate has been reported to test positive for mutagenicity in some mammalian tests inconclusive in others, and negative in still others.

In a three-litter reproduction study in which female rats received dietary doses of 15 and 50 mg spironolactone/kg/day, there were no effects on mating and fertility, but there was a small increase in incidence of stillborn pups at 50 mg/kg/day. When injected into female rats (100 mg/kg/day for 7 days, i.p.), spironolactone was found to increase the length of the estrous cycle by prolonging diestrus during treatment and inducing constant diestrus during a two-week post-treatment observation period. These effects were associated with retarded ovarian follicle development and a reduction in circulating estrogen levels, which would be expected to impair mating, fertility and fecundity. Spironolactone (100 mg/kg/day), administered i.p. to female mice during a two-week cohabitation period with untreated males, decreased the number of mated mice that conceived (effect shown to be caused by an inhibition of ovulation) and decreased the number of implanted embryos in those that became pregnant (effect shown to be caused by an inhibition of implantation), and at 200 mg/kg, also increased the latency period to mating.

Hypersensitivity reactions, including generalized urticaria have been observed in patients receiving oral acetylcysteine for acetaminophen overdose. If hypersensitivity reactions occur, CETYLEV should be discontinued unless it is deemed essential for patient management and the reactions can be otherwise controlled.

The following adverse reactions are described, or described in greater detail, in other sections of the labeling:

The most common adverse reactions have been identified from clinical studies or postmarketing reports of acetylcysteine. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

The most common adverse reactions were nausea, vomiting, other gastrointestinal symptoms, and rash with or without fever.

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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