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Ciloxan

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Overview

What is Ciloxan?

CILOXAN (ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution) is a synthetic, sterile, multiple dose, antimicrobial for topical ophthalmic use. Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibacterial active against a broad spectrum of gram-positive and gram-negative ocular pathogens. It is available as the monohydrochloride monohydrate salt of 1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-7-(1-piperazinyl)-3-quinoline-carboxylic acid. It is a faint to light yellow crystalline powder with a molecular weight of 385.8. Its empirical formula is CHFNO•HCl•HO and its chemical structure is as follows:

Ciprofloxacin differs from other quinolones in that it has a fluorine atom at the 6-position, a piperazine moiety at the 7-position, and a cyclopropyl ring at the 1-position.

Each mL of CILOXAN Ophthalmic Solution contains: ciprofloxacin HCl 3.5 mg equivalent to 3 mg base. benzalkonium chloride 0.006%. sodium acetate, acetic acid, mannitol 4.6%, edetate disodium 0.05%, hydrochloric acid and/or sodium hydroxide (to adjust pH) and purified water. The pH is approximately 4.5 and the osmolality is approximately 300 mOsm.



What does Ciloxan look like?



What are the available doses of Ciloxan?

Sorry No records found.

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Ciloxan?

Sorry No records found

How should I use Ciloxan?

CILOXAN Ophthalmic Solution is indicated for the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the conditions listed below:

Corneal Ulcers:

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Serratia marcescens *

Staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus epidermidis

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Streptococcus

Conjunctivitis:

Haemophilus influenzae

Staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus epidermidis

Streptococcus pneumoniae

*Efficacy for this organism was studied in fewer than 10 infections.

Corneal Ulcers:

corneal ulcers

Bacterial Conjunctivitis:

bacterial conjunctivitis


What interacts with Ciloxan?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of Ciloxan?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Ciloxan?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of Ciloxan?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Ciloxan?

A history of hypersensitivity to ciprofloxacin or any other component of the medication is a contraindication to its use. A history of hypersensitivity to other quinolones may also contraindicate the use of ciprofloxacin.

NOT FOR INJECTION INTO THE EYE.

Serious and occasionally fatal hypersensitivity (anaphylactic) reactions, some following the first dose, have been reported in patients receiving systemic quinolone therapy. Some reactions were accompanied by cardiovascular collapse, loss of consciousness, tingling, pharyngeal or facial edema, dyspnea, urticaria, and itching. Only a few patients had a history of hypersensitivity reactions. Serious anaphylactic reactions require immediate emergency treatment with epinephrine and other resuscitation measures, including oxygen, intravenous fluids, intravenous antihistamines, corticosteroids, pressor amines and airway management, as clinically indicated.

Remove contact lenses before using.


What might happen if I take too much Ciloxan?

A topical overdose of CILOXAN Ophthalmic Solution may be flushed from the eye(s) with warm tap water.


How should I store and handle Ciloxan?

SYLVANT must be refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F). Do not use SYLVANT beyond the expiration date (EXP) located on the carton and the vial.While stored, protect from light. This product contains no preservative.SYLVANT must be refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F). Do not use SYLVANT beyond the expiration date (EXP) located on the carton and the vial.While stored, protect from light. This product contains no preservative.How Supplied: 5 mL in 8 mL bottle - 0065-0656-05STORAGE: How Supplied: 5 mL in 8 mL bottle - 0065-0656-05STORAGE: How Supplied: 5 mL in 8 mL bottle - 0065-0656-05STORAGE:


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

Systemic Absorption:

Microbiology:

in vitro

Ciprofloxacin has been shown to be active against most strains of the following organisms both and in clinical infections

Gram-Positive:

Staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus epidermidis

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Streptococcus

Gram-Negative:

Haemophilus influenzae

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Serratia marcescens

Ciprofloxacin has been shown to be active against most strains of the following organisms, however, :

Gram-Positive:

Enterococcus faecalis

Staphylococcus haemolyticus

Staphylococcus hominis

Staphylococcus saprophyticus

Streptococcus pyogenes

Gram-Negative:

Acinetobacter calcoaceticus subsp. anitratus

Aeromonas caviae

Aeromonas hydrophila

Brucella melitensis

Campylobacter coli

Campylobacter jejuni

Citrobacter diversus

Citrobacter freundii

Edwardsiella tarda

Enterobacter aerogenes

Enterobacter cloacae

Escherichia coli

Haemophilus ducreyi

Haemophilus parainfluenzae

Kiebsiella pneumoniae

Klebsiella oxytoca

Legionella pneumophila

Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis

Morganella morganii

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Neisseria meningitidis

Pasteurella multocida

Proteus mirabilis

Proteus vulgaris

Providencia rettgeri

Providencia stuartii

Salmonella enteritidis

Salmonella typhi

Shigella sonneii

Shigella flexneri

Vibrio cholerae

Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Vibrio vulnificus

Yersinia enterocolitica

Other Organisms:

Chlamydia trachomatis

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Most strains of and some strains of are resistant to ciprofloxacin as are most anaerobic bacteria, including and .

The minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) generally does not exceed the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) by more than a factor of 2. Resistance to ciprofloxacin usually develops slowly (multiple-step mutation).

Ciprofloxacin does not cross-react with other antimicrobial agents such as beta-lactams or aminoglycosides; therefore, organisms resistant to these drugs may be susceptible to ciprofloxacin.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
A history of hypersensitivity to ciprofloxacin or any other component of the medication is a contraindication to its use. A history of hypersensitivity to other quinolones may also contraindicate the use of ciprofloxacin.

NOT FOR INJECTION INTO THE EYE.

Serious and occasionally fatal hypersensitivity (anaphylactic) reactions, some following the first dose, have been reported in patients receiving systemic quinolone therapy. Some reactions were accompanied by cardiovascular collapse, loss of consciousness, tingling, pharyngeal or facial edema, dyspnea, urticaria, and itching. Only a few patients had a history of hypersensitivity reactions. Serious anaphylactic reactions require immediate emergency treatment with epinephrine and other resuscitation measures, including oxygen, intravenous fluids, intravenous antihistamines, corticosteroids, pressor amines and airway management, as clinically indicated.

Remove contact lenses before using.

Drug Interactions:

General:

Ciprofloxacin should be discontinued at the first appearance of a skin rash or any other sign of hypersensitivity reaction.

In clinical studies of patients with bacterial corneal ulcer, a white crystalline precipitate located in the superficial portion of the corneal defect was observed in 35 (16.6%) of 210 patients. The onset of the precipitate was within 24 hours to 7 days after starting therapy. In one patient, the precipitate was immediately irrigated out upon its appearance. In 17 patients, resolution of the precipitate was seen in 1 to 8 days (seven within the first 24 to 72 hours), in five patients, resolution was noted in 10 to 13 days. In nine patients, exact resolution days were unavailable; however, at follow-up examinations, 18 to 44 days after onset of the event, complete resolution of the precipitate was noted. In three patients, outcome information was unavailable. The precipitate did not preclude continued use of ciprofloxacin, nor did it adversely affect the clinical course of the ulcer or visual outcome .

The most frequently reported drug related adverse reaction was local burning or discomfort. In corneal ulcer studies with frequent administration of the drug, white crystalline precipitates were seen in approximately 17% of patients . Other reactions occurring in less than 10% of patients included lid margin crusting, crystals/scales, foreign body sensation, itching, conjunctival hyperemia and a bad taste following instillation. Additional events occurring in less than 1% of patients included corneal staining, keratopathy/keratitis, allergic reactions, lid edema, tearing, photophobia, corneal infiltrates, nausea and decreased vision.

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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