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defibrotide sodium

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Overview

What is DEFITELIO?

Defibrotide sodium is an oligonucleotide mixture with profibrinolytic properties. The chemical name of defibrotide sodium is polydeoxyribonucleotide, sodium salt. Defibrotide sodium is a polydisperse mixture of predominantly single-stranded (ss) polydeoxyribonucleotide sodium salts derived from porcine intestinal tissue having a mean weighted molecular weight of 13-20 kDa, and a potency of 27-39 and 28-38 biological units per mg as determined by two separate assays measuring the release of a product formed by contact between defibrotide sodium, plasmin and a plasmin substrate. The primary structure of defibrotide sodium is shown below.

DEFITELIO (defibrotide sodium) injection is a clear, light yellow to brown, sterile, preservative-free solution in a single-patient-use vial for intravenous use. Each milliliter of the injection contains 80 mg of defibrotide sodium and 10 mg of Sodium Citrate, USP, in Water for Injection, USP. Hydrochloric Acid, NF, and/or Sodium Hydroxide, NF, may have been used to adjust pH to 6.8-7.8.



What does DEFITELIO look like?



What are the available doses of DEFITELIO?

Injection: 200 mg/2.5 mL (80 mg/mL) in a single-patient-use vial. ()

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take DEFITELIO?

How should I use DEFITELIO?

DEFITELIO is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD), also known as sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS), with renal or pulmonary dysfunction following hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT).

The recommended dosage of DEFITELIO for adult and pediatric patients is 6.25 mg/kg every 6 hours given as a 2‑hour intravenous infusion. The dose should be based on patient’s baseline body weight, defined as the patient’s weight prior to the preparative regimen for HSCT.

Administer DEFITELIO for a minimum of 21 days. If after 21 days signs and symptoms of hepatic VOD have not resolved, continue DEFITELIO until resolution of VOD or up to a maximum of 60 days.


What interacts with DEFITELIO?

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What are the warnings of DEFITELIO?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of DEFITELIO?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of DEFITELIO?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using DEFITELIO?

The use of DEFITELIO is contraindicated in the following conditions:


What might happen if I take too much DEFITELIO?

There are no known cases of overdose with DEFITELIO. There is no known antidote for DEFITELIO, and DEFITELIO is not dialyzable. If an overdose occurs, institute general supportive measures.


How should I store and handle DEFITELIO?

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. The USP defines controlled room temperature as a temperature maintained thermostatically that encompasses the usual and customary working environment of 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); that results in a mean kinetic temperature calculated to be not more than 25°C; and that allows for excursions between 15° and 30°C (59° and 86°F) that are experienced in pharmacies, hospitals, and warehouses.DEFITELIO (defibrotide sodium) injection is supplied in a single-patient-use, clear glass vial as a clear, light yellow to brown, sterile, preservative-free solution for intravenous infusion. Each vial (NDC 68727-800-01) contains 200 mg/2.5 mL (at a concentration of 80 mg/mL) of defibrotide sodium.Each carton of DEFITELIO (defibrotide sodium) injection (NDC 68727-800-02) contains 10 vials.Store DEFITELIO (defibrotide sodium) injection at 20°C-25°C (68°F-77°F); excursions permitted between 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) (see USP controlled room temperature).DEFITELIO (defibrotide sodium) injection is supplied in a single-patient-use, clear glass vial as a clear, light yellow to brown, sterile, preservative-free solution for intravenous infusion. Each vial (NDC 68727-800-01) contains 200 mg/2.5 mL (at a concentration of 80 mg/mL) of defibrotide sodium.Each carton of DEFITELIO (defibrotide sodium) injection (NDC 68727-800-02) contains 10 vials.Store DEFITELIO (defibrotide sodium) injection at 20°C-25°C (68°F-77°F); excursions permitted between 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) (see USP controlled room temperature).DEFITELIO (defibrotide sodium) injection is supplied in a single-patient-use, clear glass vial as a clear, light yellow to brown, sterile, preservative-free solution for intravenous infusion. Each vial (NDC 68727-800-01) contains 200 mg/2.5 mL (at a concentration of 80 mg/mL) of defibrotide sodium.Each carton of DEFITELIO (defibrotide sodium) injection (NDC 68727-800-02) contains 10 vials.Store DEFITELIO (defibrotide sodium) injection at 20°C-25°C (68°F-77°F); excursions permitted between 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) (see USP controlled room temperature).


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

The mechanism of action of defibrotide sodium has not been fully elucidated. , defibrotide sodium enhances the enzymatic activity of plasmin to hydrolyze fibrin clots. Studies evaluating the pharmacological effects of defibrotide sodium on endothelial cells (ECs) were conducted primarily in the human microvascular endothelial cell line. , defibrotide sodium increased tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and thrombomodulin expression, and decreased von Willebrand factor (vWF) and plasminogen activator inhibitor‑1 (PAI-1) expression, thereby reducing EC activation and increasing EC‑mediated fibrinolysis. Defibrotide sodium protected ECs from damage caused by chemotherapy, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), serum starvation, and perfusion.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
The use of DEFITELIO is contraindicated in the following conditions:

DEFITELIO increased the activity of fibrinolytic enzymes and it may increase the risk of bleeding in patients with VOD after hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). Do not initiate DEFITELIO in patients with active bleeding. Monitor patients for signs of bleeding. If patients on DEFITELIO develop bleeding, discontinue DEFITELIO, treat the underlying cause, and provide supportive care until the bleeding has stopped .

Concomitant use of DEFITELIO and a systemic anticoagulant or fibrinolytic therapy (not including use for routine maintenance or reopening of central venous lines) may increase the risk of bleeding. Discontinue anticoagulants and fibrinolytic agents prior to DEFITELIO treatment, and consider delaying the start of DEFITELIO administration until the effects of the anticoagulant have abated .

The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the labeling:

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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