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Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75

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Overview

What is Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75?

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) is a sterile, nonpyrogenic solution for fluid and electrolyte replenishment and caloric supply in a single dose container for intravenous administration. Each 100 mL contains 5 g Dextrose Hydrous, USP*, 220 mg Sodium Lactate (CHNaO), 205 mg Potassium Chloride, USP (KCl), 120 mg Sodium Chloride, USP (NaCl), and 100 mg Monobasic Potassium Phosphate, NF (KHPO). It contains no antimicrobial agents. pH 5.0 (4.0 to 6.5).

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) administered intravenously has value as a source of water, electrolytes, and calories. One liter has an ionic concentration of 40 mEq sodium, 35 mEq potassium, 48 mEq chloride, 20 mEq lactate, and 15 mEq phosphate as HPO4=. The osmolarity is 402 mOsmol/L (calc). Normal physiologic osmolarity range is approximately 280 to 310 mOsmol/L. Administration of substantially hypertonic solutions (≥ 600 mOsmol/L) may cause vein damage. The caloric content is 180 kcal/L.

The VIAFLEX plastic container is fabricated from a specially formulated polyvinyl chloride (PL 146 Plastic). The amount of water that can permeate from inside the container into the overwrap is insufficient to affect the solution significantly. Solutions in contact with the plastic container can leach out certain of its chemical components in very small amounts within the expiration period, e.g., di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), up to 5 parts per million. However, the safety of the plastic has been confirmed in tests in animals according to USP biological tests for plastic containers as well as by tissue culture toxicity studies.



What does Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 look like?



What are the available doses of Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75?

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What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75?

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How should I use Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75?

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What interacts with Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75?

Solutions containing dextrose may be contraindicated in patients with known allergy to corn or corn products.



What are the warnings of Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75?

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5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) should be used with great care, if at all, in patients with congestive heart failure, severe renal insufficiency, and in clinical states in which there exists edema with sodium retention.

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) should be used with great care, if at all, in patients with hyperkalemia, severe renal failure, and in conditions in which potassium retention is present.

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) should be used with great care in patients with metabolic or respiratory alkalosis. The administration of lactate ions should be done with great care in those conditions in which there is an increased level or an impaired utilization of these ions, such as severe hepatic insufficiency.

The intravenous administration of 5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) can cause fluid and/or solute overloading resulting in dilution of serum electrolyte concentrations, overhydration, congested states, or pulmonary edema. The risk of dilutional states is inversely proportional to the electrolyte concentrations of the injection. The risk of solute overload causing congested states with peripheral and pulmonary edema is directly proportional to the electrolyte concentrations of the injection.

In patients with diminished renal function, administration of 5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) may result in sodium or potassium retention.

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) is not for use in the treatment of lactic acidosis.


What are the precautions of Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75?

Clinical evaluation and periodic laboratory determinations are necessary to monitor changes in fluid balance, electrolyte concentrations, and acid base balance during prolonged parenteral therapy or whenever the condition of the patient warrants such evaluation.

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) should be used with caution. Excess administration may result in metabolic alkalosis.

Caution must be exercised in the administration of 5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) to patients receiving corticosteroids or corticotropin.

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) should be used with caution in patients with overt or subclinical diabetes mellitus.

Pregnancy

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of 5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) in pediatric patients have not been established by adequate and well controlled trials, however, the use of dextrose and electrolytes solutions in the pediatric population is referenced in the medical literature. The warnings, precautions and adverse reactions identified in the label copy should be observed in the pediatric population.

In very low birth weight infants, excessive or rapid administration of dextrose injection may result in increased serum osmolality and possible hemorrhage.

Geriatric Use

Clinical studies of 5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects. Other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients. In general, dose selection for an elderly patient should be cautious, usually starting at the low end of the dosing range, reflecting the greater frequency of decreased hepatic, renal, or cardiac function, and of concomitant disease or other drug therapy.

This drug is known to be substantially excreted by the kidney, and the risk of toxic reactions to this drug may be greater in patients with impaired renal function. Because elderly patients are more likely to have decreased renal function, care should be taken in dose selection, and it may be useful to monitor renal function.

Carcinogenesis and Mutagenesis and Impairment of Fertility

Studies with 5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential, mutagenic potential, or effects on fertility.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when 5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) is administered to a nursing mother.

Do not administer unless solution is clear and seal is intact.


What are the side effects of Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75?

Reactions which may occur because of the solution or the technique of administration include febrile response, infection at the site of injection, venous thrombosis or phlebitis extending from the site of injection, extravasation and hypervolemia.

If an adverse reaction does occur, discontinue the infusion, evaluate the patient, institute appropriate therapeutic countermeasures, and save the remainder of the fluid for examination if deemed necessary.


What should I look out for while using Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75?

Solutions containing dextrose may be contraindicated in patients with known allergy to corn or corn products.

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) should be used with great care, if at all, in patients with congestive heart failure, severe renal insufficiency, and in clinical states in which there exists edema with sodium retention.

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) should be used with great care, if at all, in patients with hyperkalemia, severe renal failure, and in conditions in which potassium retention is present.

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) should be used with great care in patients with metabolic or respiratory alkalosis. The administration of lactate ions should be done with great care in those conditions in which there is an increased level or an impaired utilization of these ions, such as severe hepatic insufficiency.

The intravenous administration of 5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) can cause fluid and/or solute overloading resulting in dilution of serum electrolyte concentrations, overhydration, congested states, or pulmonary edema. The risk of dilutional states is inversely proportional to the electrolyte concentrations of the injection. The risk of solute overload causing congested states with peripheral and pulmonary edema is directly proportional to the electrolyte concentrations of the injection.

In patients with diminished renal function, administration of 5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) may result in sodium or potassium retention.

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) is not for use in the treatment of lactic acidosis.


What might happen if I take too much Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75?

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How should I store and handle Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75?

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) in VIAFLEX plastic containers is available as shown below:Exposure of pharmaceutical products to heat should be minimized. Avoid excessive heat. It is recommended the product be stored at room temperature (25°C); brief exposure up to 40°C does not adversely affect the product.5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) in VIAFLEX plastic containers is available as shown below:Exposure of pharmaceutical products to heat should be minimized. Avoid excessive heat. It is recommended the product be stored at room temperature (25°C); brief exposure up to 40°C does not adversely affect the product.


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

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Clinical Pharmacology

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) has value as a source of water, electrolytes and calories. It is capable of inducing diuresis depending on the clinical condition of the patient.

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) produce a metabolic alkalinizing effect. Lactate ions are metabolized in the liver to glycogen, and ultimately to carbon dioxide and water, which requires the consumption of hydrogen cations.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
Solutions containing dextrose may be contraindicated in patients with known allergy to corn or corn products.

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) should be used with great care, if at all, in patients with congestive heart failure, severe renal insufficiency, and in clinical states in which there exists edema with sodium retention.

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) should be used with great care, if at all, in patients with hyperkalemia, severe renal failure, and in conditions in which potassium retention is present.

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) should be used with great care in patients with metabolic or respiratory alkalosis. The administration of lactate ions should be done with great care in those conditions in which there is an increased level or an impaired utilization of these ions, such as severe hepatic insufficiency.

The intravenous administration of 5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) can cause fluid and/or solute overloading resulting in dilution of serum electrolyte concentrations, overhydration, congested states, or pulmonary edema. The risk of dilutional states is inversely proportional to the electrolyte concentrations of the injection. The risk of solute overload causing congested states with peripheral and pulmonary edema is directly proportional to the electrolyte concentrations of the injection.

In patients with diminished renal function, administration of 5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) may result in sodium or potassium retention.

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) is not for use in the treatment of lactic acidosis.

Sulfacetamide preparations are incompatible with silver preparations.

Clinical evaluation and periodic laboratory determinations are necessary to monitor changes in fluid balance, electrolyte concentrations, and acid base balance during prolonged parenteral therapy or whenever the condition of the patient warrants such evaluation.

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) should be used with caution. Excess administration may result in metabolic alkalosis.

Caution must be exercised in the administration of 5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) to patients receiving corticosteroids or corticotropin.

5% Dextrose and Electrolyte No. 75 Injection (Multiple Electrolytes and Dextrose Injection, Type 3, USP) should be used with caution in patients with overt or subclinical diabetes mellitus.

Reactions which may occur because of the solution or the technique of administration include febrile response, infection at the site of injection, venous thrombosis or phlebitis extending from the site of injection, extravasation and hypervolemia.

If an adverse reaction does occur, discontinue the infusion, evaluate the patient, institute appropriate therapeutic countermeasures, and save the remainder of the fluid for examination if deemed necessary.

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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