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Diflorasone Diacetate

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Overview

What is Diflorasone Diacetate?

Each gram of diflorasone diacetate ointment contains 0.5 mg diflorasone diacetate in an ointment base.

Chemically, diflorasone diacetate is 6α,9-difluoro-11β,17,21-trihydroxy-16β-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione 17,21-diacetate. The structural formula is represented below:

Each gram of diflorasone diacetate ointment contains 0.5 mg diflorasone diacetate in an ointment base of propylene glycol, glyceryl monostearate and white petrolatum.



What does Diflorasone Diacetate look like?



What are the available doses of Diflorasone Diacetate?

Sorry No records found.

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Diflorasone Diacetate?

Sorry No records found

How should I use Diflorasone Diacetate?

Topical corticosteroids are indicated for relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses.

Diflorasone diacetate ointment should be applied to the affected area as a thin film from one to three times daily depending on the severity or resistant nature of the condition.

Occlusive dressings may be used for the management of psoriasis or recalcitrant conditions. If an infection develops, the use of occlusive dressings should be discontinued and appropriate antimicrobial therapy initiated.


What interacts with Diflorasone Diacetate?

Topical steroids are contraindicated in those patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of the components of the preparation.



What are the warnings of Diflorasone Diacetate?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Diflorasone Diacetate?

General

Systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids has produced reversible hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression, manifestations of Cushing’s syndrome, hyperglycemia, and glucosuria in some patients.

Conditions which augment systemic absorption include the application of the more potent steroids, use over large surface areas, prolonged use, and the addition of occlusive dressings.

Therefore, patients receiving a large dose of a potent topical steroid applied to a large surface area or under an occlusive dressing should be evaluated periodically for evidence of HPA axis suppression by using the urinary free cortisol and ACTH stimulation tests. If HPA axis suppression is noted, an attempt should be made to withdraw the drug, to reduce the frequency of application, or to substitute a less potent steroid.

Recovery of HPA axis function is generally prompt and complete upon discontinuation of the drug. Infrequently, signs and symptoms of steroid withdrawal may occur, requiring supplemental systemic corticosteroids.

Pediatric patients may absorb proportionally larger amounts of topical corticosteroids and thus be more susceptible to systemic toxicity. (See )

If irritation develops, topical corticosteroids should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted.

In the presence of dermatological infections, the use of an appropriate antifungal or antibacterial agent should be instituted. If a favorable response does not occur promptly, the corticosteroid should be discontinued until the infection has been adequately controlled.

Information for the Patient

  • This medication is to be used as directed by the physician. It is for external use only. Avoid contact with the eyes.
  • Patients should be advised not to use this medication for any disorder other than for which it was prescribed.
  • The treated skin area should not be bandaged or otherwise covered or wrapped as to be occlusive unless directed by the physician.
  • Patients should report any signs of local adverse reactions especially under occlusive dressing.
  • Parents of pediatric patients should be advised not to use tight-fitting diapers or plastic pants on an infant or child being treated in the diaper area, as these garments may constitute occlusive dressings.


Patients using topical corticosteroids should receive the following information and instructions:

Laboratory Tests

The following tests may be helpful in evaluating the HPA axis suppression:

Urinary free cortisol test ACTH stimulation test

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, and Impairment of Fertility

Long-term animal studies have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential or the effect on fertility of topical corticosteroids.

Studies to determine mutagenicity with prednisolone and hydrocortisone have revealed negative results.

Pregnancy Category C

Corticosteroids are generally teratogenic in laboratory animals when administered systemically at relatively low dosage levels. The more potent corticosteroids have been shown to be teratogenic after dermal application in laboratory animals. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women on teratogenic effects from topically applied corticosteroids. Therefore, topical corticosteroids should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Drugs of this class should not be used extensively on pregnant patients, in large amounts, or for prolonged periods of time.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether topical administration of corticosteroids could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in breast milk. Systemically administered corticosteroids are secreted into breast milk in quantities likely to have a deleterious effect on the infant. Nevertheless, caution should be exercised when topical corticosteroids are administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of diflorasone diacetate ointment in pediatric patients have not been established. Because of a higher ratio of skin surface area to body mass, pediatric patients are at a greater risk than adults of HPA axis suppression when they are treated with topical corticosteroids. They are, therefore, also at greater risk of glucocorticosteroid insufficiency after withdrawal of treatment and of Cushing’s syndrome while on treatment. Adverse effects including striae have been reported with inappropriate use of topical corticosteroids in pediatric patients.

HPA axis suppression, Cushing’s syndrome, and intracranial hypertension have been reported in pediatric patients receiving topical corticosteroids. Manifestations of adrenal suppression in pediatric patients include linear growth retardation, delayed weight gain, low plasma cortisol levels, and absence of response to ACTH stimulation. Manifestations of intracranial hypertension include bulging fontanelles, headaches, and bilateral papilledema.


What are the side effects of Diflorasone Diacetate?

The following local adverse reactions have been reported with topical corticosteroids, but may occur more frequently with the use of occlusive dressings. These reactions are listed in approximate decreasing order of occurrence:

  • Burning
  • Itching
  • Irritation
  • Dryness
  • Folliculitis
  • Hypertrichosis
  • Acneiform eruptions
  • Hypopigmentation
  • Perioral dermatitis
  • Allergic contact dermatitis
  • Maceration of the skin
  • Secondary infection
  • Skin atrophy
  • Striae
  • Miliaria



What should I look out for while using Diflorasone Diacetate?

Topical steroids are contraindicated in those patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of the components of the preparation.


What might happen if I take too much Diflorasone Diacetate?

Topically applied corticosteroids can be absorbed in sufficient amounts to produce systemic effects. (See .)


How should I store and handle Diflorasone Diacetate?

Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].Keep out of reach of children.Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].Keep out of reach of children.Diflorasone Diacetate Ointment USP, 0.05% is available in 15 gram, 30 gram and 60 gram tubes.Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F)Keep this and all medications out of the reach of children.Mfd. By: Mfd. For: Rev: 04/2014Made in USADiflorasone Diacetate Ointment USP, 0.05% is available in 15 gram, 30 gram and 60 gram tubes.Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F)Keep this and all medications out of the reach of children.Mfd. By: Mfd. For: Rev: 04/2014Made in USADiflorasone Diacetate Ointment USP, 0.05% is available in 15 gram, 30 gram and 60 gram tubes.Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F)Keep this and all medications out of the reach of children.Mfd. By: Mfd. For: Rev: 04/2014Made in USADiflorasone Diacetate Ointment USP, 0.05% is available in 15 gram, 30 gram and 60 gram tubes.Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F)Keep this and all medications out of the reach of children.Mfd. By: Mfd. For: Rev: 04/2014Made in USADiflorasone Diacetate Ointment USP, 0.05% is available in 15 gram, 30 gram and 60 gram tubes.Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F)Keep this and all medications out of the reach of children.Mfd. By: Mfd. For: Rev: 04/2014Made in USADiflorasone Diacetate Ointment USP, 0.05% is available in 15 gram, 30 gram and 60 gram tubes.Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F)Keep this and all medications out of the reach of children.Mfd. By: Mfd. For: Rev: 04/2014Made in USADiflorasone Diacetate Ointment USP, 0.05% is available in 15 gram, 30 gram and 60 gram tubes.Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F)Keep this and all medications out of the reach of children.Mfd. By: Mfd. For: Rev: 04/2014Made in USA


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

Topical corticosteroids share anti-inflammatory, antipruritic and vasoconstrictive actions.

The mechanism of anti-inflammatory activity of the topical corticosteroids is unclear. Various laboratory methods, including vasoconstrictor assays, are used to compare and predict potencies and/or clinical efficacies of the topical corticosteroids. There is some evidence to suggest that a recognizable correlation exists between vasoconstrictor potency and therapeutic efficacy in man.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
Topical steroids are contraindicated in those patients with a history of hypersensitivity to any of the components of the preparation.

Patients using topical corticosteroids should receive the following information and instructions:

Systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids has produced reversible hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression, manifestations of Cushing’s syndrome, hyperglycemia, and glucosuria in some patients.

Conditions which augment systemic absorption include the application of the more potent steroids, use over large surface areas, prolonged use, and the addition of occlusive dressings.

Therefore, patients receiving a large dose of a potent topical steroid applied to a large surface area or under an occlusive dressing should be evaluated periodically for evidence of HPA axis suppression by using the urinary free cortisol and ACTH stimulation tests. If HPA axis suppression is noted, an attempt should be made to withdraw the drug, to reduce the frequency of application, or to substitute a less potent steroid.

Recovery of HPA axis function is generally prompt and complete upon discontinuation of the drug. Infrequently, signs and symptoms of steroid withdrawal may occur, requiring supplemental systemic corticosteroids.

Pediatric patients may absorb proportionally larger amounts of topical corticosteroids and thus be more susceptible to systemic toxicity. (See )

If irritation develops, topical corticosteroids should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted.

In the presence of dermatological infections, the use of an appropriate antifungal or antibacterial agent should be instituted. If a favorable response does not occur promptly, the corticosteroid should be discontinued until the infection has been adequately controlled.

The following local adverse reactions have been reported with topical corticosteroids, but may occur more frequently with the use of occlusive dressings. These reactions are listed in approximate decreasing order of occurrence:

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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