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PHENOBARBITAL, HYOSCYAMINE SULFATE, ATROPINE SULFATE, SCOPOLAMINE HYDROBROMIDE

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Overview

What is Donnatal?

Donnatal® Tablets

Each Donnatal® Tablet contains:

Phenobarbital, USP..................................... 16.2 mg Hyoscyamine Sulfate, USP...................... 0.1037 mg Atropine Sulfate, USP .............................0.0194 mg Scopolamine Hydrobromide, USP ...........0.0065 mg



What does Donnatal look like?



What are the available doses of Donnatal?

Sorry No records found.

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Donnatal?

Sorry No records found

How should I use Donnatal?

The dosage of Donnatal® Tablets should be adjusted to the needs of the individual patient to assure symptomatic control with a minimum of adverse effects.

Donnatal® Tablets - Adults: One or two Donnatal® Tablets three or four times a day according to condition and severity of symptoms.


What interacts with Donnatal?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of Donnatal?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Donnatal?

General

  • autonomic neuropathy
  • hepatic or renal disease
  • hyperthyroidism
  • coronary heart disease
  • congestive heart failure
  • cardiac arrhythmias
  • tachycardia
  • hypertension


Use with caution in patients with:

Belladonna alkaloids may produce a delay in gastric emptying (antral stasis) which would complicate the management of gastric ulcer.

Do not rely on the use of the drug in the presence of complication of biliary tract disease.

Theoretically, with overdosage, a curare-like action may occur.

Information for Patients

Donnatal® Tablets may produce drowsiness or blurred vision. The patient should be warned, should these occur, not to engage in activities requiring mental alertness, such as operating a motor vehicle or other machinery, and not to perform hazardous work.

Drug Interactions

Phenobarbital may decrease the effect of anticoagulants, and necessitate larger doses of the anticoagulant for optimal effect. When the phenobarbital is discontinued, the dose of the anticoagulant may have to be decreased.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Long-term studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential.

Pregnancy

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Donnatal® Tablets. There is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks ().

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Donnatal® Tablets are administered to a nursing woman.

Geriatric Use

Elderly patients may react with symptoms of excitement, agitation, drowsiness, and other untoward manifestations to even small doses of the drug.

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What are the side effects of Donnatal?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Donnatal?

Phenobarbital is contraindicated in acute intermittent porphyria and in those patients in whom phenobarbital produces restlessness and/or excitement.

Donnatal® Tablets can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Donnatal® Tablets. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus.

In the presence of a high environmental temperature, heat prostration can occur with belladonna alkaloids (fever and heatstroke due to decreased sweating).

Diarrhea may be an early symptom of incomplete intestinal obstruction, especially in patients with ileostomy or colostomy. In this instance, treatment with this drug would be inappropriate and possibly harmful.

Donnatal® Tablets may produce drowsiness or blurred vision. The patient should be warned, should these occur, not to engage in activities requiring mental alertness, such as operating a motor vehicle or other machinery, and not to perform hazardous work.

Phenobarbital may decrease the effect of anticoagulants, and necessitate larger doses of the anticoagulant for optimal effect. When the phenobarbital is discontinued, the dose of the anticoagulant may have to be decreased.

Phenobarbital may be habit forming and should not be administered to individuals known to be addiction prone or to those with a history of physical and/or psychological dependence upon drugs.

Since barbiturates are metabolized in the liver, they should be used with caution and initial doses should be small in patients with hepatic dysfunction.


What might happen if I take too much Donnatal?

The signs and symptoms of overdose are headache, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, dilated pupils, hot and dry skin, dizziness, dryness of the mouth, difficulty in swallowing, and CNS stimulation. Treatment should consist of gastric lavage, emetics, and activated charcoal. If indicated, parenteral cholinergic agents such as physostigmine or bethanechol chloride should be used.


How should I store and handle Donnatal?

Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].Dispense in well-closed containers as defined in the USP.Keep out of reach of children.Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].Dispense in well-closed containers as defined in the USP.Keep out of reach of children.Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].Dispense in well-closed containers as defined in the USP.Keep out of reach of children.Donnatal® Tablets are supplied as: white, D-shaped, flat faced beveled edge tablets debossed “D” on one side and “Donnatal” on the other side.Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Protect from light and moisture.Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.Manufactured For:Manufactured By:Revised: 4_10/2017DONT_PIDonnatal® Tablets are supplied as: white, D-shaped, flat faced beveled edge tablets debossed “D” on one side and “Donnatal” on the other side.Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Protect from light and moisture.Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.Manufactured For:Manufactured By:Revised: 4_10/2017DONT_PIDonnatal® Tablets are supplied as: white, D-shaped, flat faced beveled edge tablets debossed “D” on one side and “Donnatal” on the other side.Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Protect from light and moisture.Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.Manufactured For:Manufactured By:Revised: 4_10/2017DONT_PIDonnatal® Tablets are supplied as: white, D-shaped, flat faced beveled edge tablets debossed “D” on one side and “Donnatal” on the other side.Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Protect from light and moisture.Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.Manufactured For:Manufactured By:Revised: 4_10/2017DONT_PIDonnatal® Tablets are supplied as: white, D-shaped, flat faced beveled edge tablets debossed “D” on one side and “Donnatal” on the other side.Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Protect from light and moisture.Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.Manufactured For:Manufactured By:Revised: 4_10/2017DONT_PIDonnatal® Tablets are supplied as: white, D-shaped, flat faced beveled edge tablets debossed “D” on one side and “Donnatal” on the other side.Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Protect from light and moisture.Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.Manufactured For:Manufactured By:Revised: 4_10/2017DONT_PIDonnatal® Tablets are supplied as: white, D-shaped, flat faced beveled edge tablets debossed “D” on one side and “Donnatal” on the other side.Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Protect from light and moisture.Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.Manufactured For:Manufactured By:Revised: 4_10/2017DONT_PI


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

This drug combination provides natural belladonna alkaloids in a specific, fixed ratio combined with phenobarbital to provide peripheral anticholinergic/antispasmodic action and mild sedation.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
Phenobarbital is contraindicated in acute intermittent porphyria and in those patients in whom phenobarbital produces restlessness and/or excitement.

Donnatal® Tablets can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Donnatal® Tablets. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus.

In the presence of a high environmental temperature, heat prostration can occur with belladonna alkaloids (fever and heatstroke due to decreased sweating).

Diarrhea may be an early symptom of incomplete intestinal obstruction, especially in patients with ileostomy or colostomy. In this instance, treatment with this drug would be inappropriate and possibly harmful.

Donnatal® Tablets may produce drowsiness or blurred vision. The patient should be warned, should these occur, not to engage in activities requiring mental alertness, such as operating a motor vehicle or other machinery, and not to perform hazardous work.

Phenobarbital may decrease the effect of anticoagulants, and necessitate larger doses of the anticoagulant for optimal effect. When the phenobarbital is discontinued, the dose of the anticoagulant may have to be decreased.

Phenobarbital may be habit forming and should not be administered to individuals known to be addiction prone or to those with a history of physical and/or psychological dependence upon drugs.

Since barbiturates are metabolized in the liver, they should be used with caution and initial doses should be small in patients with hepatic dysfunction.

Phenobarbital may decrease the effect of anticoagulants, and necessitate larger doses of the anticoagulant for optimal effect. When the phenobarbital is discontinued, the dose of the anticoagulant may have to be decreased.

Use with caution in patients with:

Belladonna alkaloids may produce a delay in gastric emptying (antral stasis) which would complicate the management of gastric ulcer.

Do not rely on the use of the drug in the presence of complication of biliary tract disease.

Theoretically, with overdosage, a curare-like action may occur.

Adverse reactions may include xerostomia; urinary hesitancy and retention; blurred vision; tachycardia; palpitation; mydriasis; cycloplegia; increased ocular tension; loss of taste sense; headache; nervousness; drowsiness; weakness; dizziness; insomnia; nausea; vomiting; impotence; suppression of lactation; constipation; bloated feeling; musculoskeletal pain; severe allergic reaction or drug idiosyncrasies, including anaphylaxis, urticaria, and other dermal manifestations; and decreased sweating.

Acquired hypersensitivity to barbiturates consists chiefly in allergic reactions that occur especially in persons who tend to have asthma, urticaria, angioedema, and similar conditions. Hypersensitivity reactions in this category include localized swelling, particularly of the eyelids, cheeks, or lips, and erythematous dermatitis. Rarely, exfoliative dermatitis (e.g. Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis) may be caused by phenobarbital and can prove fatal. The skin eruption may be associated with fever, delirium, and marked degenerative changes in the liver and other parenchymatous organs. In a few cases, megaloblastic anemia has been associated with the chronic use of phenobarbital.

Phenobarbital may produce excitement in some patients, rather than a sedative effect.

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Concordia Pharmaceuticals Inc. at 1-877-370-1142 or the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or .

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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