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Doxorubicin Hydrochloride

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Overview

What is Doxorubicin Hydrochloride?

Doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection is doxorubicin hydrochloride (HCl), an anthracycline topoisomerase II inhibitor, that is encapsulated in PEGYLATEDliposomes for intravenous use.  

The chemical name of doxorubicin HCl is (8S,10S)-10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-α-L-lyxohexopyranosyl)oxy]-8-glycolyl-7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-1-methoxy-5,12-naphthacenedione hydrochloride. The molecular formula is CHNO•HCl; its molecular weight is 579.99. The molecular structure is:

Doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection is a sterile, translucent, red liposomal dispersion in 10-mL or 30-mL glass, single-dose vials. Each vial contains 20 mg or 50 mg doxorubicin HCl at a concentration of 2 mg/mL and a pH of 6.5. The PEGYLATED liposome carriers are composed of cholesterol, 3.19 mg/mL; fully hydrogenated soy phosphatidylcholine (HSPC), 9.58 mg/mL; and N-(carbonyl-methoxypolyethylene glycol 2000)-1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine sodium salt (MPEG-DSPE), 3.19 mg/mL. Each mL also contains ammonium sulfate, approximately 0.6 mg; histidine as a buffer; hydrochloric acid and/or sodium hydroxide for pH control; and sucrose to maintain isotonicity. Greater than 90% of the drug is encapsulated in the PEGYLATED liposomes. 

MPEG-DSPE has the following structural formula:

n=ca. 45

HSPC has the following structural formula:

m,n=14 or 16

Representation of a PEGYLATED liposome:



What does Doxorubicin Hydrochloride look like?



What are the available doses of Doxorubicin Hydrochloride?

Doxorubicin hydrochloride (HCl) liposomal injection: Single-dose vials: 20 mg/10 mL and 50 mg/25 mL ()

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Doxorubicin Hydrochloride?

How should I use Doxorubicin Hydrochloride?


What interacts with Doxorubicin Hydrochloride?

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What are the warnings of Doxorubicin Hydrochloride?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Doxorubicin Hydrochloride?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of Doxorubicin Hydrochloride?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Doxorubicin Hydrochloride?

Doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection is contraindicated in patients who have a history of severe hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, to doxorubicin HCl [see Warnings and Precautions ()].

Doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection can cause myocardial damage, including congestive heart failure, as the total cumulative dose of doxorubicin HCl approaches 550 mg/m. In a clinical study of 250 patients with advanced cancer who were treated with doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection, the risk of cardiotoxicity was 11% when the cumulative anthracycline dose was between 450 to 550 mg/m. Prior use of other anthracyclines or anthracenediones should be included in calculations of total cumulative dosage. The risk of cardiomyopathy may be increased at lower cumulative doses in patients with prior mediastinal irradiation [see Warnings and Precautions ()].

Acute infusion-related reactions consisting of, but not limited to, flushing, shortness of breath, facial swelling, headache, chills, back pain, tightness in the chest or throat, and/or hypotension occurred in 11% of patients with solid tumors treated with doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection. Serious, life-threatening and fatal infusion reactions have been reported [see Dosage and Administration (

) and Warnings and Precautions (

)].


What might happen if I take too much Doxorubicin Hydrochloride?

Acute overdosage with doxorubicin HCl causes increased risk of severe mucositis, leukopenia, and thrombocytopenia.


How should I store and handle Doxorubicin Hydrochloride?

Contains no preservatives. Store in original carton at 20°C to 25°C (68° F to 77° F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Do not freeze. Syringe StabilityIntravenous Admixture Stability:Do not dilute to concentrations below 1 mg/mL. Do not mix Venofer with other medications or add to parenteral nutrition solutions for intravenous infusion. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to infusion. Contains no preservatives. Store in original carton at 20°C to 25°C (68° F to 77° F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Do not freeze. Syringe StabilityIntravenous Admixture Stability:Do not dilute to concentrations below 1 mg/mL. Do not mix Venofer with other medications or add to parenteral nutrition solutions for intravenous infusion. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to infusion. Contains no preservatives. Store in original carton at 20°C to 25°C (68° F to 77° F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Do not freeze. Syringe StabilityIntravenous Admixture Stability:Do not dilute to concentrations below 1 mg/mL. Do not mix Venofer with other medications or add to parenteral nutrition solutions for intravenous infusion. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to infusion. Contains no preservatives. Store in original carton at 20°C to 25°C (68° F to 77° F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Do not freeze. Syringe StabilityIntravenous Admixture Stability:Do not dilute to concentrations below 1 mg/mL. Do not mix Venofer with other medications or add to parenteral nutrition solutions for intravenous infusion. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to infusion. Contains no preservatives. Store in original carton at 20°C to 25°C (68° F to 77° F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Do not freeze. Syringe StabilityIntravenous Admixture Stability:Do not dilute to concentrations below 1 mg/mL. Do not mix Venofer with other medications or add to parenteral nutrition solutions for intravenous infusion. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to infusion. Contains no preservatives. Store in original carton at 20°C to 25°C (68° F to 77° F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Do not freeze. Syringe StabilityIntravenous Admixture Stability:Do not dilute to concentrations below 1 mg/mL. Do not mix Venofer with other medications or add to parenteral nutrition solutions for intravenous infusion. Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to infusion. Doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection is a sterile, translucent, red liposomal dispersion in 10-mL or 30-mL glass, single-dose vials.  Each 10-mL vial contains 20 mg doxorubicin HCl at a concentration of 2 mg/mL.  Each 30-mL vial contains 50 mg doxorubicin HCl at a concentration of 2 mg/mL. The following individually cartoned vials are available: Table 14 Refrigerate unopened vials of doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection at 2°-8°C (36°-46°F). Do not freeze.  Doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection is a cytotoxic drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures. Doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection is a sterile, translucent, red liposomal dispersion in 10-mL or 30-mL glass, single-dose vials.  Each 10-mL vial contains 20 mg doxorubicin HCl at a concentration of 2 mg/mL.  Each 30-mL vial contains 50 mg doxorubicin HCl at a concentration of 2 mg/mL. The following individually cartoned vials are available: Table 14 Refrigerate unopened vials of doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection at 2°-8°C (36°-46°F). Do not freeze.  Doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection is a cytotoxic drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures. Doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection is a sterile, translucent, red liposomal dispersion in 10-mL or 30-mL glass, single-dose vials.  Each 10-mL vial contains 20 mg doxorubicin HCl at a concentration of 2 mg/mL.  Each 30-mL vial contains 50 mg doxorubicin HCl at a concentration of 2 mg/mL. The following individually cartoned vials are available: Table 14 Refrigerate unopened vials of doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection at 2°-8°C (36°-46°F). Do not freeze.  Doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection is a cytotoxic drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures. Doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection is a sterile, translucent, red liposomal dispersion in 10-mL or 30-mL glass, single-dose vials.  Each 10-mL vial contains 20 mg doxorubicin HCl at a concentration of 2 mg/mL.  Each 30-mL vial contains 50 mg doxorubicin HCl at a concentration of 2 mg/mL. The following individually cartoned vials are available: Table 14 Refrigerate unopened vials of doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection at 2°-8°C (36°-46°F). Do not freeze.  Doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection is a cytotoxic drug. Follow applicable special handling and disposal procedures.


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

The active ingredient of doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection is doxorubicin HCl. The mechanism of action of doxorubicin HCl is thought to be related to its ability to bind DNA and inhibit nucleic acid synthesis. Cell structure studies have demonstrated rapid cell penetration and perinuclear chromatin binding, rapid inhibition of mitotic activity and nucleic acid synthesis, and induction of mutagenesis and chromosomal aberrations.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
Doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection is contraindicated in patients who have a history of severe hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, to doxorubicin HCl [see Warnings and Precautions ()].

Doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection can cause myocardial damage, including congestive heart failure, as the total cumulative dose of doxorubicin HCl approaches 550 mg/m. In a clinical study of 250 patients with advanced cancer who were treated with doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection, the risk of cardiotoxicity was 11% when the cumulative anthracycline dose was between 450 to 550 mg/m. Prior use of other anthracyclines or anthracenediones should be included in calculations of total cumulative dosage. The risk of cardiomyopathy may be increased at lower cumulative doses in patients with prior mediastinal irradiation [see Warnings and Precautions ()].

Acute infusion-related reactions consisting of, but not limited to, flushing, shortness of breath, facial swelling, headache, chills, back pain, tightness in the chest or throat, and/or hypotension occurred in 11% of patients with solid tumors treated with doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection. Serious, life-threatening and fatal infusion reactions have been reported [see Dosage and Administration (

) and Warnings and Precautions (

)].

The hypoglycemic action of sulfonylureas may be potentiated by certain drugs including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, some azoles, and other drugs that are highly protein bound, salicylates, sulfonamides, chloramphenicol, probenecid, coumarins, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, quinolones and beta adrenergic blocking agents. When such drugs are administered to a patient receiving glipizide, the patient should be observed closely for hypoglycemia. When such drugs are withdrawn from a patient receiving glipizide, the patient should be observed closely for loss of control. binding studies with human serum proteins indicate that glipizide binds differently than tolbutamide and does not interact with salicylate or dicumarol. However, caution must be exercised in extrapolating these findings to the clinical situation and in the use of glipizide with these drugs.

Certain drugs tend to produce hyperglycemia and may lead to loss of control. These drugs include the thiazides and other diuretics, corticosteroids, phenothiazines, thyroid products, estrogens, oral contraceptives, phenytoin, nicotinic acid, sympathomimetics, calcium channel blocking drugs, and isoniazid. When such drugs are administered to a patient receiving glipizide, the patient should be closely observed for loss of control. When such drugs are withdrawn from a patient receiving glipizide, the patient should be observed closely for hypoglycemia.

A potential interaction between oral miconazole and oral hypoglycemic agents leading to severe hypoglycemia has been reported. Whether this interaction also occurs with the intravenous, topical, or vaginal preparations of miconazole is not known. The effect of concomitant administration of fluconazole and glipizide has been demonstrated in a placebo-controlled crossover study in normal volunteers. All subjects received glipizide alone and following treatment with 100 mg of fluconazole as a single daily oral dose for 7 days. The mean percentage increase in the glipizide AUC after fluconazole administration was 56.9% (range: 35 to 81).

In studies assessing the effect of colesevelam on the pharmacokinetics of glipizide ER in healthy volunteers, reductions in glipizide AUC and C of 12% and 13%, respectively were observed when colesevelam was coadministered with glipizide ER. When glipizide ER was administered 4 hours prior to colesevelam, there was no significant change in glipizide AUC or C , -4% and 0%, respectively. Therefore, glipizide should be administered at least 4 hours prior to colesevelam to ensure that colesevelam does not reduce the absorption of glipizide.

The following adverse reactions are discussed in more detail in other sections of the labeling.

• Cardiomyopathy [see Warnings and Precautions ()]

• Infusion-Related Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions ()]

• Hand-Foot Syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions ()]

• Secondary Oral Neoplasms [see Warnings and Precautions ()]

The most common adverse reactions (>20%) observed with doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome injection are asthenia, fatigue, fever, nausea, stomatitis, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, anorexia, hand-foot syndrome, rash and neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and anemia.

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

A total of 440 drugs (1549 brand and generic names) are known to interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib). 228 major drug interactions (854 brand and generic names) 210 moderate drug interactions (691 brand and generic names) 2 minor drug interactions (4 brand and generic names) Show all medications in the database that may interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib).