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Duloxetin hydrochloride

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Overview

What is Duloxetine hydrochloride?

           Duloxetine delayed-release capsules, USP is a selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SSNRI) for oral administration. Its chemical designation is (+)-()--methyl-γ-(1-naphthyloxy)-2-thiophenepropylamine hydrochloride. The empirical formula is CHNOS•HCl, which corresponds to a molecular weight of 333.88. The structural formula is:

Duloxetine hydrochloride, USP is a white to slightly brownish white solid, which is slightly soluble in water.

Each capsule contains enteric-coated pellets of 22.45, 33.68, or 67.36 mg of duloxetine hydrochloride, USP equivalent to 20, 30, or 60 mg of duloxetine, respectively. These enteric-coated pellets are designed to prevent degradation of the drug in the acidic environment of the stomach. Inactive ingredients include:

20 mg: FD&C Blue No. 2, gelatin, hypromellose, methacrylic acid copolymer dispersion, polyethylene glycol 400, sodium lauryl sulfate, sucrose, sugar spheres, talc, titanium dioxide, triethyl citrate, black imprinting ink (It contains black iron oxide, potassium hydroxide, propylene glycol, and shellac).

30 mg: FD&C Blue No. 1, FD&C Red No. 40, gelatin, hypromellose, methacrylic acid copolymer dispersion, polyethylene glycol 400, sodium lauryl sulfate, sucrose, sugar spheres, talc, titanium dioxide, triethyl citrate, black imprinting ink (It contains black iron oxide, potassium hydroxide, propylene glycol, and shellac), white imprinting ink (It contains povidone, shellac, sodium hydroxide, and titanium dioxide).

60 mg: FD&C Blue No. 2, gelatin, hypromellose, iron oxide yellow, methacrylic acid copolymer dispersion, polyethylene glycol 400, sodium lauryl sulfate, sucrose, sugar spheres, talc, titanium dioxide, triethyl citrate, white imprinting ink (It contains povidone, shellac, sodium hydroxide, and titanium dioxide).



What does Duloxetine hydrochloride look like?



What are the available doses of Duloxetine hydrochloride?

Duloxetine Delayed-Release Capsules, USP are available as: 

20 mg size '4' hard gelatin capsule having light blue cap and body, imprinted as '20 mg' on the body and '1109' on the cap with black ink, containing off white to reddish brown colored pellets.

30 mg size '3' hard gelatin capsule having blue cap and milky white body, imprinted as '30 mg' on the body with black ink and '1110' on the cap with white ink, containing off white to reddish brown colored pellets.

            60 mg size '1' hard gelatin capsule having opaque blue cap and yellow body, imprinted as '60 mg' on the body and '1111' on the cap with white ink, containing off white to reddish brown colored pellets.

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Duloxetine hydrochloride?

ID464

Pediatric use information for patients ages 7 to 17 years is approved for Eli Lilly and Company, Inc.'s CYMBALTA (duloxetine) delayed-release capsules. However, due to Eli Lilly and Company, Inc.'s marketing exclusivity rights, this drug product is not labeled with that pediatric information.

How should I use Duloxetine hydrochloride?

Duloxetine delayed-release capsules, USP are a serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) indicated for:

Swallow duloxetine delayed-release capsules whole. Do not chew or crush. Do not open the capsule and sprinkle its contents on food or mix with liquids. All of these might affect the enteric coating. Duloxetine delayed-release capsules can be given without regard to meals. If a dose of duloxetine delayed-release capsules is missed, take the missed dose as soon as it is remembered. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and take the next dose at the regular time. Do not take two doses of duloxetine delayed-release capsules at the same time.


What interacts with Duloxetine hydrochloride?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of Duloxetine hydrochloride?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Duloxetine hydrochloride?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of Duloxetine hydrochloride?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Duloxetine hydrochloride?

Serotonin Syndrome and MAOIs: Do not use MAOIs intended to treat psychiatric disorders with duloxetine delayed-release capsules or within 5 days of stopping treatment with duloxetine delayed-release capsules. Do not use duloxetine delayed-release capsules within 14 days of stopping an MAOI intended to treat psychiatric disorders. In addition, do not start duloxetine delayed-release capsules in a patient who is being treated with linezolid or intravenous methylene blue (4)


What might happen if I take too much Duloxetine hydrochloride?


How should I store and handle Duloxetine hydrochloride?

Store VPRIV at 2 °C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F). Do not use VPRIV after the expiration date on the vial. Do not freeze.Protect vial from light.Store VPRIV at 2 °C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F). Do not use VPRIV after the expiration date on the vial. Do not freeze.Protect vial from light.Product: 50436-4500NDC: 50436-4500-1 30 CAPSULE, DELAYED RELEASE in a BOTTLENDC: 50436-4500-2 60 CAPSULE, DELAYED RELEASE in a BOTTLEProduct: 50436-4500NDC: 50436-4500-1 30 CAPSULE, DELAYED RELEASE in a BOTTLENDC: 50436-4500-2 60 CAPSULE, DELAYED RELEASE in a BOTTLEProduct: 50436-4500NDC: 50436-4500-1 30 CAPSULE, DELAYED RELEASE in a BOTTLENDC: 50436-4500-2 60 CAPSULE, DELAYED RELEASE in a BOTTLE


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

Although the exact mechanisms of the antidepressant, central pain inhibitory and anxiolytic actions of duloxetine in humans are unknown, these actions are believed to be related to its potentiation of serotonergic and noradrenergic activity in the CNS.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
Serotonin Syndrome and MAOIs: Do not use MAOIs intended to treat psychiatric disorders with duloxetine delayed-release capsules or within 5 days of stopping treatment with duloxetine delayed-release capsules. Do not use duloxetine delayed-release capsules within 14 days of stopping an MAOI intended to treat psychiatric disorders. In addition, do not start duloxetine delayed-release capsules in a patient who is being treated with linezolid or intravenous methylene blue (4)

Drug Interactions:

Prilocaine may contribute to the formation of methemoglobin in patients treated with other drugs known to cause this condition

Specific interaction studies with lidocaine/prilocaine and class III anti-arrhythmic drugs (e.g., amiodarone, bretylium, sotalol, doetilide) have not been performed, but caution is advised (see WARNINGS).

Should lidocaine and prilocaine cream be used concomitantly with other products containing lidocaine and/or prilocaine, cumulative doses from all formulations must be considered.

Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), both adult and pediatric, may experience worsening of their depression and/or the emergence of suicidal ideation and behavior (suicidality) or unusual changes in behavior, whether or not they are taking antidepressant medications, and this risk may persist until significant remission occurs. Suicide is a known risk of depression and certain other psychiatric disorders, and these disorders themselves are the strongest predictors of suicide. There has been a long-standing concern, however, that antidepressants may have a role in inducing worsening of depression and the emergence of suicidality in certain patients during the early phases of treatment.

Pooled analyses of short-term placebo-controlled trials of antidepressant drugs (SSRIs and others) showed that these drugs increase the risk of suicidal thinking and behavior (suicidality) in children, adolescents, and young adults (ages 18 to 24) with major depressive disorder (MDD) and other psychiatric disorders. Short-term studies did not show an increase in the risk of suicidality with antidepressants compared to placebo in adults beyond age 24; there was a reduction with antidepressants compared to placebo in adults aged 65 and older.

The pooled analyses of placebo-controlled trials in children and adolescents with MDD, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), or other psychiatric disorders included a total of 24 short-term trials of 9 antidepressant drugs in over 4400 patients. The pooled analyses of placebo-controlled trials in adults with MDD or other psychiatric disorders included a total of 295 short-term trials (median duration of 2 months) of 11 antidepressant drugs in over 77,000 patients. There was considerable variation in risk of suicidality among drugs, but a tendency toward an increase in the younger patients for almost all drugs studied. There were differences in absolute risk of suicidality across the different indications, with the highest incidence in MDD. The risk of differences (drug vs placebo), however, were relatively stable within age strata and across indications. These risk differences (drug-placebo difference in the number of cases of suicidality per 1000 patients treated) are provided in Table 1.

           No suicides occurred in any of the pediatric trials. There were suicides in the adult trials, but the number was not sufficient to reach any conclusion about drug effect on suicide.

It is unknown whether the suicidality risk extends to longer-term use, i.e., beyond several months. However, there is substantial evidence from placebo-controlled maintenance trials in adults with depression that the use of antidepressants can delay the recurrence of depression.

All patients being treated with antidepressants for any indication should be monitored appropriately and observed closely for clinical worsening, suicidality, and unusual changes in behavior, especially during the initial few months of a course of drug therapy, or at times of dose changes, either increases or decreases.

            The following symptoms, anxiety, agitation, panic attacks, insomnia, irritability, hostility, aggressiveness, impulsivity, akathisia (psychomotor restlessness), hypomania, and mania, have been reported in adult and pediatric patients being treated with antidepressants for major depressive disorder as well as for other indications, both psychiatric and nonpsychiatric. Although a causal link between the emergence of such symptoms and either the worsening of depression and/or the emergence of suicidal impulses has not been established, there is concern that such symptoms may represent precursors to emerging suicidality.

Consideration should be given to changing the therapeutic regimen, including possibly discontinuing the medication, in patients whose depression is persistently worse, or who are experiencing emergent suicidality or symptoms that might be precursors to worsening depression or suicidality, especially if these symptoms are severe, abrupt in onset, or were not part of the patient's presenting symptoms.

If the decision has been made to discontinue treatment, medication should be tapered, as rapidly as is feasible, but with recognition that discontinuation can be associated with certain symptoms .

Families and caregivers of patients being treated with antidepressants for major depressive disorder or other indications, both psychiatric and nonpsychiatric, should be alerted about the need to monitor patients for the emergence of agitation, irritability, unusual changes in behavior, and the other symptoms described above, as well as the emergence of suicidality, and to report such symptoms immediately to health care providers. Such monitoring should include daily observation by families and caregivers. Prescriptions for duloxetine delayed-release capsules should be written for the smallest quantity of capsules consistent with good patient management, in order to reduce the risk of overdose.

Screening Patients for Bipolar Disorder

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

A total of 440 drugs (1549 brand and generic names) are known to interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib). 228 major drug interactions (854 brand and generic names) 210 moderate drug interactions (691 brand and generic names) 2 minor drug interactions (4 brand and generic names) Show all medications in the database that may interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib).