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Azelastine Hydrochloride and Fluticasone Propionate
What is DYMISTA?
Dymista (azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate) nasal spray is formulated as a white, uniform metered-spray suspension for intranasal administration. It is a fixed dose combination product containing an antihistamine (H receptor antagonist) and a corticosteroid as active ingredients.
Azelastine hydrochloride active ingredient occurs as a white, odorless, crystalline powder with a bitter taste. It has a molecular weight of 418.37. It is sparingly soluble in water, methanol, and propylene glycol and slightly soluble in ethanol, octanol, and glycerin. It has a melting point of 225°C and the pH of 5.2. Its chemical name is (±)-1-(2H)-phthalazinone,4-[(4-chlorophenyl) methyl]-2-(hexahydro-1-methyl-1H-azepin-4-yl)-, monohydrochloride. Its molecular formula is CHClNO•HCl with the following chemical structure:
Fluticasone propionate active ingredient is a white powder with a melting point of 273°C, a molecular weight of 500.6, and the empirical formula is CHFOS. It is practically insoluble in water, freely soluble in dimethyl sulfoxide and dimethylformamide, and slightly soluble in methanol and 95% ethanol. Fluticasone propionate is a synthetic corticosteroid having the chemical name S-(fluoromethyl)-6α,9-difluoro-11β,-17-dihydroxy-16α-methyl-3-oxoandrosta-1,4-diene-17β-carbothioate, 17-propionate, and the following chemical structure:
Dymista (azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate) nasal spray, 137 mcg / 50 mcg contains 0.1% solution of azelastine hydrochloride and 0.037% suspension of micronized fluticasone propionate in an isotonic aqueous suspension containing glycerin, microcrystalline cellulose and carboxymethylcellulose sodium, phenylethyl alcohol (2.5 mg/g), edetate disodium, benzalkonium chloride (0.1 mg/g), polysorbate 80, and purified water. It has a pH of approximately 6.0.
After priming , each metered spray delivers a 0.137 mL mean volume of suspension containing 137 mcg of azelastine hydrochloride (equivalent to 125 mcg of azelastine base) and 50 mcg of fluticasone propionate. The 23 g bottle provides 120 metered sprays, after priming.
What does DYMISTA look like?
What are the available doses of DYMISTA?
DYMISTA: Nasal spray suspension delivers 137 mcg of azelastine hydrochloride and 50 mcg of fluticasone propionate (137 mcg/50 mcg) in each 0.137 mL spray. ()
What should I talk to my health care provider before I take DYMISTA?
Pregnancy: Based on animal data, may cause fetal harm. ()
How should I use DYMISTA?
DYMISTA containing an H-receptor antagonist and a corticosteroid, and is indicated for the relief of symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis in patients 6 years of age and older who require treatment with both azelastine hydrochloride and fluticasone propionate for symptomatic relief. ()
The recommended dosage of DYMISTA is 1 spray in each nostril twice daily.
What interacts with DYMISTA?
Sorry No Records found
What are the warnings of DYMISTA?
Sorry No Records found
What are the precautions of DYMISTA?
Sorry No Records found
What are the side effects of DYMISTA?
Sorry No records found
What should I look out for while using DYMISTA?
What might happen if I take too much DYMISTA?
see Warnings and Precautions ()
How should I store and handle DYMISTA?
Store at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F); excursions permitted from 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. DYMISTA nasal spray (NDC 0037-0245-23) is supplied as an amber glass bottle fitted with a metered-dose spray pump unit. The spray pump unit consists of a nasal spray pump with a white nasal adapter and clear plastic dust cap. Each bottle contains a net fill weight of 23 g and will deliver 120 metered sprays after priming . After priming , each spray delivers a suspension volume of 0.137 mL as a fine mist, containing 137 mcg of azelastine hydrochloride and 50 mcg of fluticasone propionate (137 mcg/50 mcg). The correct amount of medication in each spray cannot be assured before the initial priming and after 120 sprays have been used, even though the bottle is not completely empty. The bottle should be discarded after 120 medicated sprays have been used.DYMISTA should not be used after the expiration date “EXP” printed on the bottle label and carton.DYMISTA nasal spray (NDC 0037-0245-23) is supplied as an amber glass bottle fitted with a metered-dose spray pump unit. The spray pump unit consists of a nasal spray pump with a white nasal adapter and clear plastic dust cap. Each bottle contains a net fill weight of 23 g and will deliver 120 metered sprays after priming . After priming , each spray delivers a suspension volume of 0.137 mL as a fine mist, containing 137 mcg of azelastine hydrochloride and 50 mcg of fluticasone propionate (137 mcg/50 mcg). The correct amount of medication in each spray cannot be assured before the initial priming and after 120 sprays have been used, even though the bottle is not completely empty. The bottle should be discarded after 120 medicated sprays have been used.DYMISTA should not be used after the expiration date “EXP” printed on the bottle label and carton.
Chemical StructureNo Image found
The precise mechanism through which fluticasone propionate affects allergic rhinitis symptoms is not known. Corticosteroids have been shown to have a wide range of effects on multiple cell types (e.g., mast cells, eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages, and lymphocytes) and mediators (e.g., histamine, eicosanoids, leukotrienes, and cytokines) involved in inflammation.
Use of daunorubicin in a patient who has previously received doxorubicin increases the risk of cardiotoxicity. Daunorubicin hydrochloride should not be used in patients who have previously received the recommended maximum cumulative doses of doxorubicin or daunorubicin hydrochloride. Cyclophosphamide used concurrently with daunorubicin hydrochloride may also result in increased cardiotoxicity.
Dosage reduction of daunorubicin hydrochloride may be required when used concurrently with other myelosuppressive agents.
Hepatotoxic medications, such as high-dose methotrexate, may impair liver function and increase the risk of toxicity.
In clinical trials, the occurrence of somnolence has been reported in some patients (6 of 853 adult and adolescent patients and 2 of 416 children) taking DYMISTA in placebo controlled trials . Patients should be cautioned against engaging in hazardous occupations requiring complete mental alertness and motor coordination such as operating machinery or driving a motor vehicle after administration of DYMISTA. Concurrent use of DYMISTA with alcohol or other central nervous system depressants should be avoided because additional reductions in alertness and additional impairment of central nervous system performance may occur .
Systemic and local corticosteroid use may result in the following:
This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.
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