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Fluticasone Propionate and Salmeterol
What is Fluticasone Propionate and Salmeterol?
Fluticasone propionate/salmeterol MDPI 55/14 mcg, 113/14 mcg and 232/14 mcg are combinations of fluticasone propionate and salmeterol xinafoate.
One active component of this product is fluticasone propionate, a corticosteroid having the chemical name -(fluoromethyl) 6α,9-difluoro-11ß,17-dihydroxy-16α-methyl-3-oxoandrosta-1,4-diene-17ß-carbothioate, 17-propionate, and the following chemical structure:
Fluticasone propionate is a white powder with a molecular weight of 500.6, and the empirical formula is CHFOS. It is practically insoluble in water, freely soluble in dimethyl sulfoxide and dimethylformamide, and slightly soluble in methanol and 95% ethanol.
The other active component of this product is salmeterol xinafoate, a beta–adrenergic bronchodilator. Salmeterol xinafoate is the racemic form of the 1‑hydroxy‑2‑naphthoic acid salt of salmeterol. It has the chemical name 4-hydroxy-α -[[[6-(4-phenylbutoxy)hexyl]amino]methyl]-1,3-benzenedimethanol, 1-hydroxy-2-naphthalenecarboxylate and the following chemical structure:
Salmeterol xinafoate is a white powder with a molecular weight of 603.8, and the empirical formula is CHNO•CHO. It is freely soluble in methanol; slightly soluble in ethanol, chloroform, and isopropanol; and sparingly soluble in water.
Fluticasone propionate/salmeterol MDPI is a white multidose dry powder inhaler (MDPI) for oral inhalation only. It contains a formulation blend of fluticasone propionate, salmeterol xinafoate, and lactose monohydrate (which may contain milk proteins). The opening of the mouthpiece cover meters 5.5 mg of the formulation from the device reservoir, which contains 55 mcg, 113 mcg, or 232 mcg of fluticasone propionate, and 14 mcg of salmeterol base, equivalent to 20.3 mcg of salmeterol xinafoate. Patient inhalation through the mouthpiece causes the deagglomeration and aerosolization of the drug particles as the formulation moves through the cyclone component of the device. This is followed by dispersion into the airstream.
Under standardized in vitro test conditions, the fluticasone propionate/salmeterol MDPI inhaler delivers 49 mcg, 100 mcg, or 202 mcg of fluticasone propionate and 12.75 mcg of salmeterol base, equivalent to 18.5 mcg of salmeterol xinafoate, with lactose from the mouthpiece when tested at a flow rate of 85 L/min for 1.4 seconds.
The amount of drug delivered to the lung will depend on patient factors such as inspiratory flow profiles. In adult subjects (N=50, aged 18 to 45 years) with asthma, mean peak inspiratory flow (PIF) through the fluticasone propionate/salmeterol MDPI inhaler was 108.28 L/min (range: 70.37 to 129.24 L/min). In adolescent subjects (N=50, aged 12 to 17 years) with asthma, mean peak inspiratory flow (PIF) through the fluticasone propionate/salmeterol MDPI inhaler was 106.72 L/min (range: 73.64 to 125.51 L/min).
What does Fluticasone Propionate and Salmeterol look like?
What are the available doses of Fluticasone Propionate and Salmeterol?
Inhalation Powder containing fluticasone propionate 55 mcg, 113 mcg, or 232 mcg and salmeterol (14 mcg) per actuation. ()
What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Fluticasone Propionate and Salmeterol?
How should I use Fluticasone Propionate and Salmeterol?
Fluticasone Propionate/Salmeterol Multidose Dry Powder Inhaler (FS MDPI) is indicated for the treatment of asthma in patients aged 12 years and older. Fluticasone propionate/salmeterol MDPI should be used for patients not adequately controlled on a long term asthma control medication such as an inhaled corticosteroid or whose disease warrants initiation of treatment with both an inhaled corticosteroid and long acting beta adrenergic agonist (LABA).
Important Limitation of Use
Fluticasone propionate/salmeterol MDPI should be administered as one inhalation twice daily by the orally inhaled route only. Advise the patient to rinse his/her mouth with water without swallowing after each dose.
What interacts with Fluticasone Propionate and Salmeterol?
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What are the warnings of Fluticasone Propionate and Salmeterol?
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What are the precautions of Fluticasone Propionate and Salmeterol?
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What are the side effects of Fluticasone Propionate and Salmeterol?
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What should I look out for while using Fluticasone Propionate and Salmeterol?
Primary treatment of status asthmaticus or acute episodes of asthma requiring intensive measures. ()
Severe hypersensitivity to milk proteins or any ingredients of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol. ()
What might happen if I take too much Fluticasone Propionate and Salmeterol?
This product contains both fluticasone propionate and salmeterol; therefore, the risks associated with overdosage for the individual components described below apply to fluticasone propionate/salmeterol MDPI. Treatment of overdosage consists of discontinuation of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol MDPI together with institution of appropriate symptomatic and/or supportive therapy. The judicious use of a cardioselective beta‑receptor blocker may be considered, bearing in mind that such medication can produce bronchospasm. Cardiac monitoring is recommended in cases of overdosage.
How should I store and handle Fluticasone Propionate and Salmeterol?
StorageStore at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F); excursions permitted between 15°C and 30°C (59°F and 86°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].StorageStore at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F); excursions permitted between 15°C and 30°C (59°F and 86°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].Oseltamivir Phosphate Capsules, USP 75-mg capsules (75 mg free base equivalent of the phosphate salt): Light yellow cap and grey body size ‘2’ hard gelatin capsules containing white to off white granules with “75mg” on cap and “M55” on body imprinted with blue ink. Available in blister packages of 10 (NDC 68788-7106-1).Storage Store capsules at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted within 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Oseltamivir Phosphate Capsules, USP 75-mg capsules (75 mg free base equivalent of the phosphate salt): Light yellow cap and grey body size ‘2’ hard gelatin capsules containing white to off white granules with “75mg” on cap and “M55” on body imprinted with blue ink. Available in blister packages of 10 (NDC 68788-7106-1).Storage Store capsules at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted within 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Oseltamivir Phosphate Capsules, USP 75-mg capsules (75 mg free base equivalent of the phosphate salt): Light yellow cap and grey body size ‘2’ hard gelatin capsules containing white to off white granules with “75mg” on cap and “M55” on body imprinted with blue ink. Available in blister packages of 10 (NDC 68788-7106-1).Storage Store capsules at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted within 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Oseltamivir Phosphate Capsules, USP 75-mg capsules (75 mg free base equivalent of the phosphate salt): Light yellow cap and grey body size ‘2’ hard gelatin capsules containing white to off white granules with “75mg” on cap and “M55” on body imprinted with blue ink. Available in blister packages of 10 (NDC 68788-7106-1).Storage Store capsules at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted within 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].
Chemical StructureNo Image found
This product contains both fluticasone propionate and salmeterol. The mechanisms of action described below for the individual components apply to this combination product. These drugs represent 2 different classes of medications (a synthetic corticosteroid and a LABA) that have different effects on clinical, physiologic, and inflammatory indices.
Inflammation is an important component in the pathogenesis of asthma. Corticosteroids have been shown to have a wide range of actions on multiple cell types (e.g., mast cells, eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages, and lymphocytes) and mediators (e.g., histamine, eicosanoids, leukotrienes, and cytokines) involved in inflammation. These anti-inflammatory actions of corticosteroids contribute to their efficacy in asthma.
The pharmacologic effects of beta‑adrenoceptor agonist drugs, including salmeterol, are at least in part attributable to stimulation of intracellular adenyl cyclase, the enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic-3′,5′-adenosine monophosphate (cyclic AMP). Increased cyclic AMP levels cause relaxation of bronchial smooth muscle and inhibition of release of mediators of immediate hypersensitivity from cells, especially from mast cells.
In vitro tests show that salmeterol is a potent and long‑lasting inhibitor of the release of mast cell mediators, such as histamine, leukotrienes, and prostaglandin D, from human lung. Salmeterol inhibits histamine‑induced plasma protein extravasation and inhibits platelet‑activating factor‑induced eosinophil accumulation in the lungs of guinea pigs when administered by the inhaled route. In humans, single doses of salmeterol administered via inhalation aerosol attenuate allergen‑induced bronchial hyperresponsiveness.
Non-Clinical ToxicologyPrimary treatment of status asthmaticus or acute episodes of asthma requiring intensive measures. ()
Severe hypersensitivity to milk proteins or any ingredients of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol. ()
Furosemide may increase the ototoxic potential of aminoglycoside antibiotics, especially in the presence of impaired renal function. Except in life-threatening situations, avoid this combination.
Furosemide should not be used concomitantly with ethacrynic acid because of the possibility of ototoxicity.
Patients receiving high doses of salicylates concomitantly with furosemide, as in rheumatic disease, may experience salicylate toxicity at lower doses because of competitive renal excretory sites.
There is a risk of ototoxic effects if cisplatin and furosemide are given concomitantly. In addition, nephrotoxicity of nephrotoxic drugs such as cisplatin may be enhanced if furosemide is not given in lower doses and with positive fluid balance when used to achieve forced diuresis during cisplatin treatment.
Furosemide has a tendency to antagonize the skeletal muscle relaxing effect of tubocurarine and may potentiate the action of succinylcholine.
Lithium generally should not be given with diuretics because they reduce lithium's renal clearance and add a high risk of lithium toxicity.
Furosemide combined with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers may lead to severe hypotension and deterioration in renal function, including renal failure. An interruption or reduction in the dosage of furosemide, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, or angiotensin receptor blockers may be necessary.
Potentiation occurs with ganglionic or peripheral adrenergic blocking drugs.
Furosemide may decrease arterial responsiveness to norepinephrine. However, norepinephrine may still be used effectively.
Simultaneous administration of sucralfate and furosemide tablets may reduce the natriuretic and antihypertensive effects of furosemide. Patients receiving both drugs should be observed closely to determine if the desired diuretic and/or antihypertensive effect of furosemide is achieved. The intake of furosemide and sucralfate should be separated by at least two hours.
In isolated cases, intravenous administration of furosemide within 24 hours of taking chloral hydrate may lead to flushing, sweating attacks, restlessness, nausea, increase in blood pressure, and tachycardia. Use of furosemide concomitantly with chloral hydrate is therefore not recommended.
Phenytoin interferes directly with renal action of furosemide. There is evidence that treatment with phenytoin leads to decrease intestinal absorption of furosemide, and consequently to lower peak serum furosemide concentrations.
Methotrexate and other drugs that, like furosemide, undergo significant renal tubular secretion may reduce the effect of furosemide. Conversely, furosemide may decrease renal elimination of other drugs that undergo tubular secretion. High-dose treatment of both furosemide and these other drugs may result in elevated serum levels of these drugs and may potentiate their toxicity as well as the toxicity of furosemide.
Furosemide can increase the risk of cephalosporin-induced nephrotoxicity even in the setting of minor or transient renal impairment.
Concomitant use of cyclosporine and furosemide is associated with increased risk of gouty arthritis secondary to furosemide-induced hyperurecemia and cyclosporine impairment of renal urate excretion. High doses (>80 mg) of furosemide may inhibit the binding of thyroid hormones to carrier proteins and result in transient increase in free thyroid hormones, followed by an overall decrease in total thyroid hormone levels.
One study in six subjects demonstrated that the combination of furosemide and acetylsalicylic acid temporarily reduced creatinine clearance in patients with chronic renal insufficiency. There are case reports of patients who developed increased BUN, serum creatinine and serum potassium levels, and weight gain when furosemide was used in conjunction with NSAIDs.
Literature reports indicate that coadministration of indomethacin may reduce the natriuretic and antihypertensive effects of furosemide in some patients by inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis. Indomethacin may also affect plasma renin levels, aldosterone excretion, and renin profile evaluation. Patients receiving both indomethacin and furosemide should be observed closely to determine if the desired diuretic and/or antihypertensive effect of furosemide is achieved.
Use of LABA as monotherapy (without ICS) for asthma is associated with an increased risk of asthma-related death . Available data from controlled clinical trials also suggest that use of LABA as monotherapy increases the risk of asthma-related hospitalization in pediatric and adolescent patients. These findings are considered a class effect of LABA monotherapy. When LABA are used in fixed-dose combination with ICS, data from large clinical trials do not show a significant increase in the risk of serious asthma-related events (hospitalizations, intubations, death) compared with ICS alone .
Serious Asthma-Related Events with Inhaled Corticosteroid/Long-acting Beta-adrenergic Agonists
Four large, 26-week, randomized, blinded, active-controlled clinical safety trials were conducted to evaluate the risk of serious asthma-related events when LABA were used in fixed-dose combination with ICS compared with ICS alone in subjects with asthma. Three (3) trials included adult and adolescent subjects aged 12 years and older: 1 trial compared budesonide/formoterol to budesonide, 1 trial compared fluticasone propionate/salmeterol inhalation powder to fluticasone propionate inhalation powder, and 1 trial compared mometasone furoate/formoterol to mometasone furoate. The fourth trial included pediatric subjects aged 4 to 11 years and compared fluticasone propionate/salmeterol inhalation powder to fluticasone propionate inhalation powder. The primary safety endpoint for all 4 trials was serious asthma-related events (hospitalizations, intubations, death). A blinded adjudication committee determined whether events were asthma-related.
The 3 adult and adolescent trials were designed to rule out a risk margin of 2.0, and the pediatric trial was designed to rule out a risk margin of 2.7. Each individual trial met its pre-specified objective and demonstrated non-inferiority of ICS/LABA to ICS alone. A meta-analysis of the 3 adult and adolescent trials did not show a significant increase in risk of a serious asthma-related event with ICS/LABA fixed-dose combination compared with ICS alone (Table 1). These trials were not designed to rule out all risk for serious asthma-related events with ICS/LABA compared with ICS.
Table 1. Meta-analysis of Serious Asthma-Related Events in Subjects with Asthma Aged 12 Years and Older
ICS = Inhaled Corticosteroid; LABA = Long-acting Beta-adrenergic Agonist.
The pediatric safety trial included 6,208 pediatric patients aged 4 to 11 years who received ICS/LABA (fluticasone propionate/salmeterol inhalation powder) or ICS (fluticasone propionate inhalation powder). In this trial 27/3,107 (0.9%) of patients treated with ICS/LABA and 21/3,101 (0.7%) of patients treated with ICS experienced a serious asthma‑related event. There were no asthma-related deaths or intubations. ICS/LABA did not show a significantly increased risk of a serious asthma-related event compared to ICS based on the prespecified risk margin (2.7), with an estimated hazard ratio of time to first event of 1.29 (95% CI: 0.73, 2.27).
Salmeterol Multicenter Asthma Research Trial (SMART)
A 28-week, placebo-controlled, U.S. trial that compared the safety of salmeterol with placebo, each added to usual asthma therapy, showed an increase in asthma-related deaths in subjects receiving salmeterol (13/13,176 in subjects treated with salmeterol versus 3/13,179 in subjects treated with placebo; relative risk: 4.37 [95% CI: 1.25, 15.34]). Use of background ICS was not required in SMART. The increased risk of asthma‑related death is considered a class effect of LABA monotherapy.
Use of LABA may result in the following
Systemic and local corticosteroid use may result in the following:
This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.
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