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Gralise

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Overview

What is Gralise?

Gabapentin is 1-(aminomethyl)cyclohexaneacetic acid; γ-amino-2-cyclohexyl-butyric acid with a molecular formula of CHNO and a molecular weight of 171.24.

The structural formula is:

Gabapentin is a white to off-white crystalline solid with a pKa1 of 3.7 and a pKa2 of 10.7. It is freely soluble in water and acidic and basic solutions. The log of the partition coefficient (n-octanol/ 0.05M phosphate buffer) at pH 7.4 is -1.25.

GRALISE is supplied as tablets containing 300 mg or 600 mg of gabapentin. GRALISE tablets swell in gastric fluid and gradually release gabapentin. Each 300 mg tablet contains the inactive ingredients copovidone, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene oxide, and Opadry® II white. Opadry® II white contains polyvinyl alcohol, titanium dioxide, talc, polyethylene glycol 3350, and lecithin (soya). Each 600 mg tablet contains the inactive ingredients copovidone, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, polyethylene oxide, and Opadry® II beige. Opadry® II beige contains polyvinyl alcohol, titanium dioxide, talc, polyethylene glycol 3350, iron oxide yellow, and iron oxide red.



What does Gralise look like?



What are the available doses of Gralise?

Tablets: 300 mg and 600 mg

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Gralise?

How should I use Gralise?

GRALISE is indicated for the management of postherpetic neuralgia.

GRALISE is not interchangeable with other gabapentin products because of differing pharmacokinetic profiles that affect the frequency of administration.

Do not use GRALISE interchangeably with other gabapentin products.

Titrate GRALISE to an 1800 mg dose taken orally once daily with the evening meal. GRALISE tablets should be swallowed whole. Do not split, crush, or chew the tablets.

If GRALISE dose is reduced, discontinued, or substituted with an alternative medication, this should be done gradually over a minimum of one week or longer (at the discretion of the prescriber).

In adults with postherpetic neuralgia, GRALISE therapy should be initiated and titrated as follows:


What interacts with Gralise?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of Gralise?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Gralise?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of Gralise?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Gralise?

GRALISE is contraindicated in patients with demonstrated hypersensitivity to the drug or its ingredients.


What might happen if I take too much Gralise?

A lethal dose of gabapentin was not identified in mice and rats receiving single oral doses as high as 8000 mg/kg. Signs of acute toxicity in animals included ataxia, labored breathing, ptosis, sedation, hypoactivity, or excitation.

Acute oral overdoses of gabapentin immediate release in humans up to 49 grams have been reported. In these cases, double vision, slurred speech, drowsiness, lethargy and diarrhea were observed. All patients recovered with supportive care.

Gabapentin can be removed by hemodialysis. Although hemodialysis has not been performed in the few overdose cases reported, it may be indicated by the patient's clinical state or in patients with significant renal impairment.


How should I store and handle Gralise?

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from moisture.Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP. FOR YOUR PROTECTION:DEA Order Form Required.To request medical information or to report Suspected Adverse Reactions, contact Alvogen Customer Service at 1-866-770-3024 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or Made in USAStore at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from moisture.Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP. FOR YOUR PROTECTION:DEA Order Form Required.To request medical information or to report Suspected Adverse Reactions, contact Alvogen Customer Service at 1-866-770-3024 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or Made in USAStore at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from moisture.Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP. FOR YOUR PROTECTION:DEA Order Form Required.To request medical information or to report Suspected Adverse Reactions, contact Alvogen Customer Service at 1-866-770-3024 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or Made in USAStore at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from moisture.Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP. FOR YOUR PROTECTION:DEA Order Form Required.To request medical information or to report Suspected Adverse Reactions, contact Alvogen Customer Service at 1-866-770-3024 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or Made in USAStore at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from moisture.Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP. FOR YOUR PROTECTION:DEA Order Form Required.To request medical information or to report Suspected Adverse Reactions, contact Alvogen Customer Service at 1-866-770-3024 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or Made in USAStore at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from moisture.Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP. FOR YOUR PROTECTION:DEA Order Form Required.To request medical information or to report Suspected Adverse Reactions, contact Alvogen Customer Service at 1-866-770-3024 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or Made in USAProduct: 50436-1262NDC: 50436-1262-3 90 TABLET, FILM COATED in a BOTTLEProduct: 50436-1262NDC: 50436-1262-3 90 TABLET, FILM COATED in a BOTTLE


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

The mechanism of action by which gabapentin exerts its analgesic action is unknown but in animal models of analgesia, gabapentin prevents allodynia (pain-related behavior in response to a normally innocuous stimulus) and hyperalgesia (exaggerated response to painful stimuli). Gabapentin prevents pain-related responses in several models of neuropathic pain in rats and mice (e.g., spinal nerve ligation models, spinal cord injury model, acute herpes zoster infection model). Gabapentin also decreases pain-related responses after peripheral inflammation (carrageenan footpad test, late phase of formulin test), but does not alter immediate pain-related behaviors (rat tail flick test, formalin footpad acute phase). The relevance of these models to human pain is not known.

Gabapentin is structurally related to the neurotransmitter GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid), but it does not modify GABA or GABA radioligand binding, it is not converted metabolically into GABA or a GABA agonist, and it is not an inhibitor of GABA uptake or degradation. In radioligand binding assays at concentrations up to 100 μM, gabapentin did not exhibit affinity for a number of other receptor sites, including benzodiazepine, glutamate, N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), quisqualate, kainate, strychnine-insensitive or strychnine-sensitive glycine; alpha 1, alpha 2, or beta adrenergic; adenosine A1 or A2; cholinergic, muscarinic, or nicotinic; dopamine D1 or D2; histamine H1; serotonin S1 or S2; opiate mu, delta, or kappa; cannabinoid 1; voltage-sensitive calcium channel sites labeled with nitrendipine or diltiazem; or at voltage-sensitive sodium channel sites labeled with batrachotoxinin A20-alpha-benzoate. Gabapentin did not alter the cellular uptake of dopamine, noradrenaline, or serotonin.

In vitro

Non-Clinical Toxicology
GRALISE is contraindicated in patients with demonstrated hypersensitivity to the drug or its ingredients.

Potassium-sparing diuretics, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (see ).

GRALISE is not interchangeable with other gabapentin products because of differing pharmacokinetic profiles that affect the frequency of administration.

The safety and effectiveness of GRALISE in patients with epilepsy has not been studied.

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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