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What is LANOXIN?
LANOXIN (digoxin) is one of the cardiac (or digitalis) glycosides, a closely related group of drugs having in common specific effects on the myocardium. These drugs are found in a number of plants. Digoxin is extracted from the leaves of . The term “digitalis” is used to designate the whole group of glycosides. The glycosides are composed of 2 portions: a sugar and a cardenolide (hence “glycosides”).
Digoxin is described chemically as (3β,5β,12β)-3-[(-2,6-dideoxy-β--hexopyranosyl-(1→4)--2,6-dideoxy-β-hexopyranosyl-(1→4)-2,6-dideoxy-β---hexopyranosyl)oxy]-12,14-dihydroxy-card-20(22)-enolide. Its molecular formula is CHO, its molecular weight is 780.95, and its structural formula is:
Digoxin exists as odorless white crystals that melt with decomposition above 230°C. The drug is practically insoluble in water and in ether; slightly soluble in diluted (50%) alcohol and in chloroform; and freely soluble in pyridine.
LANOXIN is supplied as 62.5 mcg (unscored), 125 mcg (scored), 187.5 mcg (unscored), and 250 mcg (scored) tablets for oral administration. Each tablet contains the labeled amount of digoxin USP and the following inactive ingredients: corn and potato starches, lactose and magnesium stearate. The 125 mcg tablets contain D&C Yellow No. 10 and FD&C Yellow No. 6, the 62.5 mcg tablets contain FD&C Yellow No. 6 and the 187.5 mcg tablets contain D&C Green Dye No. 5.
What does LANOXIN look like?
What are the available doses of LANOXIN?
Unscored Tablets: 62.5 and 187.5 mcg. Scored Tablets 125 and 250 mcg ()
What should I talk to my health care provider before I take LANOXIN?
How should I use LANOXIN?
LANOXIN is indicated for the treatment of mild to moderate heart failure in adults. LANOXIN increases left ventricular ejection fraction and improves heart failure symptoms as evidenced by improved exercise capacity and decreased heart failure-related hospitalizations and emergency care, while having no effect on mortality. Where possible, LANOXIN should be used in combination with a diuretic and an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor.
In selecting a LANOXIN dosing regimen, it is important to consider factors that affect digoxin blood levels (e.g., body weight, age, renal function, concomitant drugs) since toxic levels of digoxin are only slightly higher than therapeutic levels. Dosing can be either initiated with a loading dose followed by maintenance dosing if rapid titration is desired initiated with maintenance dosing without a loading dose.
Consider interruption or reduction in LANOXIN digoxin dose prior to electrical cardioversion
Use digoxin solution to obtain the appropriate dose in infants, young pediatric patients, or patients with very low body weight.
What interacts with LANOXIN?
Sorry No Records found
What are the warnings of LANOXIN?
Sorry No Records found
What are the precautions of LANOXIN?
Sorry No Records found
What are the side effects of LANOXIN?
Sorry No records found
What should I look out for while using LANOXIN?
LANOXIN is contraindicated in patients with:
What might happen if I take too much LANOXIN?
How should I store and handle LANOXIN?
Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Keep tightly closed (protect from moisture). Protect from light.LANOXIN Tablets have “LANOXIN” on one side and are supplied as follows:Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15 to 30°C (59 to 86°F) in a dry place and protect from light. Keep out of reach of children.LANOXIN Tablets have “LANOXIN” on one side and are supplied as follows:Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15 to 30°C (59 to 86°F) in a dry place and protect from light. Keep out of reach of children.
Chemical StructureNo Image found
All of digoxin’s actions are mediated through its effects on Na-K ATPase. This enzyme, the “sodium pump,” is responsible for maintaining the intracellular milieu throughout the body by moving sodium ions out of and potassium ions into cells. By inhibiting Na-K ATPase, digoxin
The cardiologic consequences of these direct and indirect effects are an increase in the force and velocity of myocardial systolic contraction (positive inotropic action), a slowing of the heart rate (negative chronotropic effect), decreased conduction velocity through the AV node, and a decrease in the degree of activation of the sympathetic nervous system and renin-angiotensin system (neurohormonal deactivating effect).
Non-Clinical ToxicologyLANOXIN is contraindicated in patients with:
Ranitidine has been reported to affect the bioavailability of other drugs through several different mechanisms such as competition for renal tubular secretion, alteration of gastric pH, and inhibition of cytochrome P450 enzymes.
Ranitidine may alter the absorption of drugs in which gastric pH is an important determinant of bioavailability. This can result in either an increase in absorption (e.g., triazolam, midazolam, glipizide) or a decrease in absorption (e.g., ketoconazole, atazanavir, delavirdine, gefitinib). Appropriate clinical monitoring is recommended.
Patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome who develop atrial fibrillation are at high risk of ventricular fibrillation. Treatment of these patients with digoxin leads to greater slowing of conduction in the atrioventricular node than in accessory pathways, and the risks of rapid ventricular response leading to ventricular fibrillation are thereby increased.
The following adverse reactions are included in more detail in the Warnings and Precautions section of the label:
This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.
ProfessionalClonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
InteractionsA total of 440 drugs (1549 brand and generic names) are known to interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib). 228 major drug interactions (854 brand and generic names) 210 moderate drug interactions (691 brand and generic names) 2 minor drug interactions (4 brand and generic names) Show all medications in the database that may interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib).