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What is Lantus?
LANTUS (insulin glargine injection) is a sterile solution of insulin glargine for subcutaneous use. Insulin glargine is a recombinant human insulin analog that is a long-acting, parenteral blood-glucose-lowering agent Insulin glargine has low aqueous solubility at neutral pH. At pH 4 insulin glargine is completely soluble. After injection into the subcutaneous tissue, the acidic solution is neutralized, leading to formation of microprecipitates from which small amounts of insulin glargine are slowly released, resulting in a relatively constant concentration/time profile over 24 hours with no pronounced peak. This profile allows once-daily dosing as a basal insulin. LANTUS is produced by recombinant DNA technology utilizing a non-pathogenic laboratory strain of (K12) as the production organism. Insulin glargine differs from human insulin in that the amino acid asparagine at position A21 is replaced by glycine and two arginines are added to the C-terminus of the B-chain. Chemically, insulin glargine is 21-Gly-30a-L-Arg-30b-L-Arg-human insulin and has the empirical formula CHNOSand a molecular weight of 6063. Insulin glargine has the following structural formula:
LANTUS consists of insulin glargine dissolved in a clear aqueous fluid. Each milliliter of LANTUS (insulin glargine injection) contains 100 Units (3.6378 mg) insulin glargine.
The 10 mL vial presentation contains the following inactive ingredients per mL: 30 mcg zinc, 2.7 mg m-cresol, 20 mg glycerol 85%, 20 mcg polysorbate 20, and water for injection.
The 3 mL prefilled pen presentation contains the following inactive ingredients per mL: 30 mcg zinc, 2.7 mg m-cresol, 20 mg glycerol 85%, and water for injection.
The pH is adjusted by addition of aqueous solutions of hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide. LANTUS has a pH of approximately 4.
What does Lantus look like?
What are the available doses of Lantus?
Injection: 100 units/mL insulin glargine is available as:
What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Lantus?
How should I use Lantus?
LANTUS is indicated to improve glycemic control in adults and pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Individualize dosage based on metabolic needs, blood glucose monitoring, glycemic control, type of diabetes prior insulin use (, , )
Administer subcutaneously once daily at any time of day, but at the same time every day. ()
Do not dilute or mix with any other insulin or solution. ()
Rotate injection sites to reduce the risk of lipodystrophy. ()
Closely monitor glucose when changing to LANTUS and during initial weeks thereafter. ()
What interacts with Lantus?
Sorry No Records found
What are the warnings of Lantus?
Sorry No Records found
What are the precautions of Lantus?
Sorry No Records found
What are the side effects of Lantus?
Sorry No records found
What should I look out for while using Lantus?
LANTUS is contraindicated
What might happen if I take too much Lantus?
Excess insulin administration may cause hypoglycemia and hypokalemia [see , ]. Mild episodes of hypoglycemia can usually be treated with oral carbohydrates. Adjustments in drug dosage, meal patterns, or exercise may be needed.
More severe episodes of hypoglycemia with coma, seizure, or neurologic impairment may be treated with intramuscular/subcutaneous glucagon or concentrated intravenous glucose. After apparent clinical recovery from hypoglycemia, continued observation and additional carbohydrate intake may be necessary to avoid recurrence of hypoglycemia. Hypokalemia must be corrected appropriately.
How should I store and handle Lantus?
StorageStore at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [See USP Controlled RoomTemperature].StorageStore at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [See USP Controlled RoomTemperature].Product: 50090-0876NDC: 50090-0876-0 10 mL in a VIAL, GLASS Product: 50090-0876NDC: 50090-0876-0 10 mL in a VIAL, GLASS
Chemical StructureNo Image found
The primary activity of insulin, including insulin glargine, is regulation of glucose metabolism. Insulin and its analogs lower blood glucose by stimulating peripheral glucose uptake, especially by skeletal muscle and fat, and by inhibiting hepatic glucose production. Insulin inhibits lipolysis and proteolysis, and enhances protein synthesis.
Non-Clinical ToxicologyLANTUS is contraindicated
LANTUS SoloStar prefilled pens must never be shared between patients, even if the needle is changed. Patients using LANTUS vials must never reuse or share needles or syringes with another person. Sharing poses a risk for transmission of blood-borne pathogens.
The following adverse reactions are discussed elsewhere:
This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.
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