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Meropenem and Sodium Chloride

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Overview

What is Meropenem and Sodium Chloride?

Meropenem for injection is a sterile, pyrogen-free, synthetic, carbapenem antibacterial drug for intravenous administration. Meropenem is (4,5,6)-3- [[(3,5)-5-(Dimethylcarbamoyl)-3-pyrrolidinyl]thio]-6-[(1)-1-hydroxyethyl]-4-methyl-7-oxo-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid trihydrate. Its empirical formula is CHNOS•3HO with a molecular weight of 437.52.

Its structural formula is:

Meropenem for injection is a white to pale yellow crystalline powder containing meropenem trihydrate and sodium carbonate. The constituted solution varies from colorless to yellow depending on the concentration. The pH of freshly constituted solutions is between 7.3 and 8.3. Meropenem is soluble in 5% monobasic potassium phosphate solution, sparingly soluble in water, very slightly soluble in hydrated ethanol, and practically insoluble in acetone or ether.

Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP is supplied as a sterile, nonpyrogenic, single-use packaged combination of meropenem (drug chamber) and 50 mL of sodium chloride (diluent) in the DUPLEX® sterile container. When reconstituted as instructed, each 1 gram Meropenem for injection in the DUPLEX® Container will deliver 1 gram of meropenem and a total sodium content of 290.2 mg (12.6 mEq). Each 500 mg Meropenem for injection in the DUPLEX® Container will deliver 500 mg of meropenem and a total sodium content of 245.1 mg (10.7 mEq) [see ]. The osmolality of the reconstituted solution of Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP is approximately 356 mOsmol/kg for the 500 mg dose and approximately 417 mOsmol/kg for the 1 gram dose.

The DUPLEX Container is a flexible dual chamber container. After removing the peelable foil strip, activating the seals, and thoroughly mixing, the reconstituted drug product is hyperosmotic and is intended for single intravenous use. The product (diluent and drug) contact layer is a mixture of thermoplastic rubber and a polypropylene ethylene copolymer that contains no plasticizers.

Not made with natural rubber latex, PVC or Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP).



What does Meropenem and Sodium Chloride look like?



What are the available doses of Meropenem and Sodium Chloride?

Dual-chamber, single-use container:

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Meropenem and Sodium Chloride?

How should I use Meropenem and Sodium Chloride?

Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP is indicated for the treatment of complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSI) due to (methicillin-susceptible isolates only), , viridans group streptococci, (vancomycin-susceptible isolates only), and species.

Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP in the DUPLEX® Container should be used only in patients who require the entire 500 mg or 1 gram dose and not any fraction thereof. The recommended dose of Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP is 500 mg given every 8 hours for skin and skin structure infections and 1 gram given every 8 hours for intra-abdominal infections. When treating complicated skin and skin structure infections caused by , a dose of 1 gram every 8 hours is recommended.

Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP should be administered by intravenous infusion over approximately 15 to 30 minutes.


What interacts with Meropenem and Sodium Chloride?

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What are the warnings of Meropenem and Sodium Chloride?

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What are the precautions of Meropenem and Sodium Chloride?

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What are the side effects of Meropenem and Sodium Chloride?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Meropenem and Sodium Chloride?

Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to any component of this product or to other drugs in the same class or in patients who have demonstrated anaphylactic reactions to beta-lactams.


What might happen if I take too much Meropenem and Sodium Chloride?

In mice and rats, large intravenous doses of meropenem (2200-4000 mg/kg) have been associated with ataxia, dyspnea, convulsions, and mortalities.

Intentional overdosing of Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP is unlikely, although accidental overdosing might occur if large doses are given to patients with reduced renal function. The largest dose of meropenem administered in clinical trials has been 2 grams given intravenously every 8 hours. At this dosage, no adverse pharmacological effects or increased safety risks have been observed.

Limited post-marketing experience indicates that if adverse events occur following overdosage, they are consistent with the adverse event profile described in the Adverse Reactions section and are generally mild in severity and resolve on withdrawal or dose reduction. Symptomatic treatments should be considered. In individuals with normal renal function, rapid renal elimination takes place. Meropenem and its metabolite are readily dialyzable and effectively removed by hemodialysis; however, no information is available on the use of hemodialysis to treat overdosage.


How should I store and handle Meropenem and Sodium Chloride?

Store olanzapine tablets at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F); excursions permitted from 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].Protect olanzapine tablets from light and moisture. Store olanzapine tablets at 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F); excursions permitted from 15°C to 30°C (59°F to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].Protect olanzapine tablets from light and moisture. Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP in the DUPLEX® Container is a flexible dual chamber container supplied in two concentrations. The diluent chamber contains approximately 50 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP. After reconstitution, the delivered doses are equivalent to 500 mg and 1 gram meropenem.Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP is supplied sterile and nonpyrogenic in the DUPLEX Container packaged 24 units per case.Store the unactivated unit at 20–25°C (68–77°F). Excursion permitted to 15-30°C. [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from freezing.Use only if prepared solution is clear and free from particulate matter.Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP in the DUPLEX® Container is a flexible dual chamber container supplied in two concentrations. The diluent chamber contains approximately 50 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP. After reconstitution, the delivered doses are equivalent to 500 mg and 1 gram meropenem.Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP is supplied sterile and nonpyrogenic in the DUPLEX Container packaged 24 units per case.Store the unactivated unit at 20–25°C (68–77°F). Excursion permitted to 15-30°C. [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from freezing.Use only if prepared solution is clear and free from particulate matter.Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP in the DUPLEX® Container is a flexible dual chamber container supplied in two concentrations. The diluent chamber contains approximately 50 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP. After reconstitution, the delivered doses are equivalent to 500 mg and 1 gram meropenem.Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP is supplied sterile and nonpyrogenic in the DUPLEX Container packaged 24 units per case.Store the unactivated unit at 20–25°C (68–77°F). Excursion permitted to 15-30°C. [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from freezing.Use only if prepared solution is clear and free from particulate matter.Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP in the DUPLEX® Container is a flexible dual chamber container supplied in two concentrations. The diluent chamber contains approximately 50 mL of 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection USP. After reconstitution, the delivered doses are equivalent to 500 mg and 1 gram meropenem.Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP is supplied sterile and nonpyrogenic in the DUPLEX Container packaged 24 units per case.Store the unactivated unit at 20–25°C (68–77°F). Excursion permitted to 15-30°C. [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from freezing.Use only if prepared solution is clear and free from particulate matter.


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

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Clinical Pharmacology

Meropenem is an antibacterial drug [see ].

Non-Clinical Toxicology
Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to any component of this product or to other drugs in the same class or in patients who have demonstrated anaphylactic reactions to beta-lactams.

The induction dose requirements of propofol injectable emulsion may be reduced in patients with intramuscular or intravenous premedication, particularly with narcotics (e.g., morphine, meperidine, and fentanyl, etc.) and combinations of opioids and sedatives (e.g., benzodiazepines, barbiturates, chloral hydrate, droperidol, etc.). These agents may increase the anesthetic or sedative effects of propofol injectable emulsion and may also result in more pronounced decreases in systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressures and cardiac output.

During maintenance of anesthesia or sedation, the rate of propofol injectable emulsion administration should be adjusted according to the desired level of anesthesia or sedation and may be reduced in the presence of supplemental analgesic agents (e.g., nitrous oxide or opioids). The concurrent administration of potent inhalational agents (e.g., isoflurane, enflurane, and halothane) during maintenance with propofol injectable emulsion has not been extensively evaluated. These inhalational agents can also be expected to increase the anesthetic or sedative and cardiorespiratory effects of propofol injectable emulsion.

The concomitant use of valproate and propofol may lead to increased blood levels of propofol. Reduce the dose of propofol when co-administering with valproate. Monitor patients closely for signs of increased sedation or cardiorespiratory depression.

Propofol injectable emulsion does not cause a clinically significant change in onset, intensity or duration of action of the commonly used neuromuscular blocking agents (e.g., succinylcholine and nondepolarizing muscle relaxants).

No significant adverse interactions with commonly used premedications or drugs used during anesthesia or sedation (including a range of muscle relaxants, inhalational agents, analgesic agents, and local anesthetic agents) have been observed in adults. In pediatric patients, administration of fentanyl concomitantly with propofol injectable emulsion may result in serious bradycardia.

Serious and occasionally fatal hypersensitivity (anaphylactic) reactions have been reported in patients receiving therapy with beta-lactams. These reactions are more likely to occur in individuals with a history of sensitivity to multiple allergens.

There have been reports of individuals with a history of penicillin hypersensitivity who have experienced severe hypersensitivity reactions when treated with another beta-lactam. Before initiating therapy with Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP, it is important to inquire about previous hypersensitivity reactions to penicillins, cephalosporins, other beta-lactams, and other allergens. If an allergic reaction to Meropenem for Injection USP and Sodium Chloride Injection USP occurs, discontinue the drug immediately.

 The following are discussed in greater detail in other sections of labeling:

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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