Disclaimer:

Medidex is not a provider of medical services and all information is provided for the convenience of the user. No medical decisions should be made based on the information provided on this website without first consulting a licensed healthcare provider.This website is intended for persons 18 years or older. No person under 18 should consult this website without the permission of a parent or guardian.

Methazolamide

&times

Overview

What is Methazolamide?

Methazolamide, a sulfonamide derivative, is a white crystalline powder, weakly acidic, slightly soluble in water, alcohol and acetone. The chemical name for methazolamide is: N-[5-(aminosulfonyl)-3-methyl-1,3,4-thiadiazo1-2(3H)-ylidene]-acetamide and it has the following structural formula:

Molecular Formula: CHNOS                                                                       Molecular Weight: 236.26

Each tablet, for oral administration, contains 25 mg or 50 mg of methazolamide USP. In addition, each tablet contains the following inactive ingredients: dibasic calcium phosphate dihydrate, glyceryl behenate, povidone, pregelatinized starch, and sodium starch glycolate.



What does Methazolamide look like?



What are the available doses of Methazolamide?

Sorry No records found.

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Methazolamide?

Sorry No records found

How should I use Methazolamide?

Methazolamide Tablets are indicated in the treatment of ocular conditions where lowering intraocular pressure is likely to be of therapeutic benefit, such as chronic open-angle glaucoma, secondary glaucoma, and preoperatively in acute angle-closure glaucoma where lowering the intraocular pressure is desired before surgery.

The effective therapeutic dose administered varies from 50 mg to 100 mg two or three times daily. The drug may be used concomitantly with miotic and osmotic agents.


What interacts with Methazolamide?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of Methazolamide?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Methazolamide?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of Methazolamide?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Methazolamide?

Methazolamide therapy is contraindicated in situations in which sodium and/or potassium serum levels are depressed, in cases of marked kidney or liver disease or dysfunction, in adrenal gland failure, and in hyperchloremic acidosis. In patients with cirrhosis, use may precipitate the development of hepatic encephalopathy.

Long-term administration of methazolamide is contraindicated in patients with angle-closure glaucoma, since organic closure of the angle may occur in spite of lowered intraocular pressure.

Fatalities have occurred, although rarely, due to severe reactions to sulfonamides including Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, fulminant hepatic necrosis, agranulocytosis, aplastic anemia, and other blood dyscrasias. Hypersensitivity reactions may recur when a sulfonamide is readministered, irrespective of the route of administration.

If hypersensitivity or other serious reactions occur, the use of this drug should be discontinued.

Caution is advised for patients receiving high-dose aspirin and methazolamide concomitantly, as anorexia, tachypnea, lethargy, coma, and death have been reported with concomitant use of high-dose aspirin and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors.


What might happen if I take too much Methazolamide?

No data are available regarding methazolamide overdosage in humans as no cases of acute poisoning with this drug have been reported. Animal data suggest that even a high dose of methazolamide is nontoxic. No specific antidote is known. Treatment should be symptomatic and supportive.

Electrolyte imbalance, development of an acidotic state, and central nervous system effects might be expected to occur. Serum electrolyte levels (particularly potassium) and blood pH levels should be monitored.

Supportive measures may be required to restore electrolyte and pH balance.


How should I store and handle Methazolamide?

Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].Keep bottles tightly closed.Dispense in a tight container.Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].Keep bottles tightly closed.Dispense in a tight container.Store at 20°-25°C (68°-77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].Keep bottles tightly closed.Dispense in a tight container.Methazolamide Tablets USP, 25 mg, are white, square, un-scored tablets, debossed “ANI” on one side and “240” on the other side; supplied in bottles of 100 (NDC 62559-240-01). Methazolamide Tablets USP, 50 mg, are white, round tablets, scored on one side and debossed “ANI” and “241” on the other side; supplied in bottles of 100 (NDC 62559-241-01).Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Dispense in a tight container as defined in the USP, with a child-resistant closure (as required).Rx only Manufactured by: ANI Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Baudette, MN 56623 9656 Rev 10/14Methazolamide Tablets USP, 25 mg, are white, square, un-scored tablets, debossed “ANI” on one side and “240” on the other side; supplied in bottles of 100 (NDC 62559-240-01). Methazolamide Tablets USP, 50 mg, are white, round tablets, scored on one side and debossed “ANI” and “241” on the other side; supplied in bottles of 100 (NDC 62559-241-01).Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Dispense in a tight container as defined in the USP, with a child-resistant closure (as required).Rx only Manufactured by: ANI Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Baudette, MN 56623 9656 Rev 10/14Methazolamide Tablets USP, 25 mg, are white, square, un-scored tablets, debossed “ANI” on one side and “240” on the other side; supplied in bottles of 100 (NDC 62559-240-01). Methazolamide Tablets USP, 50 mg, are white, round tablets, scored on one side and debossed “ANI” and “241” on the other side; supplied in bottles of 100 (NDC 62559-241-01).Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Dispense in a tight container as defined in the USP, with a child-resistant closure (as required).Rx only Manufactured by: ANI Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Baudette, MN 56623 9656 Rev 10/14Methazolamide Tablets USP, 25 mg, are white, square, un-scored tablets, debossed “ANI” on one side and “240” on the other side; supplied in bottles of 100 (NDC 62559-240-01). Methazolamide Tablets USP, 50 mg, are white, round tablets, scored on one side and debossed “ANI” and “241” on the other side; supplied in bottles of 100 (NDC 62559-241-01).Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Dispense in a tight container as defined in the USP, with a child-resistant closure (as required).Rx only Manufactured by: ANI Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Baudette, MN 56623 9656 Rev 10/14Methazolamide Tablets USP, 25 mg, are white, square, un-scored tablets, debossed “ANI” on one side and “240” on the other side; supplied in bottles of 100 (NDC 62559-240-01). Methazolamide Tablets USP, 50 mg, are white, round tablets, scored on one side and debossed “ANI” and “241” on the other side; supplied in bottles of 100 (NDC 62559-241-01).Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Dispense in a tight container as defined in the USP, with a child-resistant closure (as required).Rx only Manufactured by: ANI Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Baudette, MN 56623 9656 Rev 10/14Methazolamide Tablets USP, 25 mg, are white, square, un-scored tablets, debossed “ANI” on one side and “240” on the other side; supplied in bottles of 100 (NDC 62559-240-01). Methazolamide Tablets USP, 50 mg, are white, round tablets, scored on one side and debossed “ANI” and “241” on the other side; supplied in bottles of 100 (NDC 62559-241-01).Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Dispense in a tight container as defined in the USP, with a child-resistant closure (as required).Rx only Manufactured by: ANI Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Baudette, MN 56623 9656 Rev 10/14Methazolamide Tablets USP, 25 mg, are white, square, un-scored tablets, debossed “ANI” on one side and “240” on the other side; supplied in bottles of 100 (NDC 62559-240-01). Methazolamide Tablets USP, 50 mg, are white, round tablets, scored on one side and debossed “ANI” and “241” on the other side; supplied in bottles of 100 (NDC 62559-241-01).Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Dispense in a tight container as defined in the USP, with a child-resistant closure (as required).Rx only Manufactured by: ANI Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Baudette, MN 56623 9656 Rev 10/14


&times

Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

Methazolamide is a potent inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase.

Methazolamide is well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Peak plasma concentrations are observed 1 to 2 hours after dosing. In a multiple-dose, pharmacokinetic study, administration of methazolamide 25 mg bid, 50 mg bid, and 100 mg bid demonstrated a linear relationship between plasma methazolamide levels and methazolamide dose. Peak plasma concentrations (C) for the 25 mg, 50 mg and 100 mg bid regimens were 2.5 mcg/mL, 5.1 mcg/mL, and 10.7 mcg/mL, respectively. The area under the plasma concentration-time curves (AUC) was 1130 mcg.min/mL, 2571 mcg.min/mL, and 5418 mcg.min/mL for the 25 mg, 50 mg, and 100 mg dosage regimens, respectively.

Methazolamide is distributed throughout the body including the plasma, cerebrospinal fluid, aqueous humor of the eye, red blood cells, bile and extra-cellular fluid. The mean apparent volume of distribution (V/F) ranges from 17 L to 23 L. Approximately 55% is bound to plasma proteins. The steady-state methazolamide red blood cell:plasma ratio varies with dose and was found to be 27:1, 16:1, and 10:1 following the administration of methazolamide 25 mg bid, 50 mg bid, and 100 mg bid, respectively.

The mean steady-state plasma elimination half-life for methazolamide is approximately 14 hours. At steady-state, approximately 25% of the dose is recovered unchanged in the urine over the dosing interval. Renal clearance accounts for 20% to 25% of the total clearance of drug. After repeated bid-tid dosing, methazolamide accumulates to steady-state concentrations in 7 days.

Methazolamide’s inhibitory action on carbonic anhydrase decreases the secretion of aqueous humor and results in a decrease in intraocular pressure. The onset of the decrease in intraocular pressure generally occurs within 2 to 4 hours, has a peak effect in 6 to 8 hours and a total duration of 10 to 18 hours.

Methazolamide is a sulfonamide derivative; however, it does not have any clinically significant antimicrobial properties. Although methazolamide achieves a high concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid, it is not considered an effective anticonvulsant.

Methazolamide has a weak and transient diuretic effect; therefore, use results in an increase in urinary volume, with excretion of sodium, potassium, and chloride. The drug should not be used as a diuretic. Inhibition of renal bicarbonate reabsorption produces an alkaline urine. Plasma bicarbonate decreases, and a relative, transient metabolic acidosis may occur due to a disequilibrium in carbon dioxide transport in the red blood cell. Urinary citrate excretion is decreased by approximately 40% after doses of 100 mg every 8 hours. Uric acid output has been shown to decrease 36% in the first 24 hour period.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
Methazolamide therapy is contraindicated in situations in which sodium and/or potassium serum levels are depressed, in cases of marked kidney or liver disease or dysfunction, in adrenal gland failure, and in hyperchloremic acidosis. In patients with cirrhosis, use may precipitate the development of hepatic encephalopathy.

Long-term administration of methazolamide is contraindicated in patients with angle-closure glaucoma, since organic closure of the angle may occur in spite of lowered intraocular pressure.

Fatalities have occurred, although rarely, due to severe reactions to sulfonamides including Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, fulminant hepatic necrosis, agranulocytosis, aplastic anemia, and other blood dyscrasias. Hypersensitivity reactions may recur when a sulfonamide is readministered, irrespective of the route of administration.

If hypersensitivity or other serious reactions occur, the use of this drug should be discontinued.

Caution is advised for patients receiving high-dose aspirin and methazolamide concomitantly, as anorexia, tachypnea, lethargy, coma, and death have been reported with concomitant use of high-dose aspirin and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors.

Methazolamide should be used with caution in patients on steroid therapy because of the potential for developing hypokalemia.

Caution is advised for patients receiving high-dose aspirin and methazolamide concomitantly, as anorexia, tachypnea, lethargy, coma and death have been reported with concomitant use of high-dose aspirin and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (see ).

Potassium excretion is increased initially upon administration of methazolamide and in patients with cirrhosis or hepatic insufficiency could precipitate a hepatic coma.

In patients with pulmonary obstruction or emphysema, where alveolar ventilation may be impaired, methazolamide should be used with caution because it may precipitate or aggravate acidosis.

Adverse reactions, occurring most often early in therapy, include paresthesias, particularly a “tingling” feeling in the extremities; hearing dysfunction or tinnitus; fatigue; malaise; loss of appetite; taste alteration; gastrointestinal disturbances such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea; polyuria; and occasional instances of drowsiness and confusion.

Metabolic acidosis and electrolyte imbalance may occur.

Transient myopia has been reported. This condition invariably subsides upon diminution or discontinuance of the medication.

Other occasional adverse reactions include urticaria, melena, hematuria, glycosuria, hepatic insufficiency, flaccid paralysis, photosensitivity, convulsions, and, rarely, crystalluria and renal calculi. Also see for possible reactions common to sulfonamide derivatives. Fatalities have occurred, although rarely, due to severe reactions to sulfonamides including Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, fulminant hepatic necrosis, agranulocytosis, aplastic anemia, and other blood dyscrasias (see ).

&times

Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

&times

Review

Rate this treatment and share your opinion


Helpful tips to write a good review:

  1. Only share your first hand experience as a consumer or a care giver.
  2. Describe your experience in the Comments area including the benefits, side effects and how it has worked for you. Do not provide personal information like email addresses or telephone numbers.
  3. Fill in the optional information to help other users benefit from your review.

Reason for Taking This Treatment

(required)

Click the stars to rate this treatment

This medication has worked for me.




This medication has been easy for me to use.




Overall, I have been satisfied with my experience.




Write a brief description of your experience with this treatment:

2000 characters remaining

Optional Information

Help others benefit from your review by filling in the information below.
I am a:
Gender:
&times

Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
&times

Tips

Tips

&times

Interactions

Interactions

A total of 440 drugs (1549 brand and generic names) are known to interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib). 228 major drug interactions (854 brand and generic names) 210 moderate drug interactions (691 brand and generic names) 2 minor drug interactions (4 brand and generic names) Show all medications in the database that may interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib).