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Ondansetron

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Overview

What is Ondansetron?

The active ingredient in ondansetron hydrochloride tablets is ondansetron hydrochloride (HCl) USP as the dihydrate, the racemic form of ondansetron and a selective blocking agent of the serotonin 5-HT receptor type. Chemically it is (±) 1, 2, 3, 9-tetrahydro-9-methyl-3-[(2-methyl-1H-imidazol-1-yl)methyl]-4H-carbazol-4-one, monohydrochloride, dihydrate. It has the following structural formula:

The empirical formula is CHNO•HCl•2HO, representing a molecular weight of 365.9.

Ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP is a white to off-white powder that is soluble in water and normal saline.

The active ingredient in ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP is ondansetron base, the racemic form of ondansetron, and a selective blocking agent of the serotonin 5-HT receptor type. Chemically it is (±) 1, 2, 3, 9-tetrahydro-9-methyl-3-[(2-methyl-1H-imidazol-1-yl)methyl]-4H-carbazol-4-one. It has the following structural formula:

The empirical formula is CHNO representing a molecular weight of 293.4.

Each 4-mg ondansetron hydrochloride tablet for oral administration contains ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 4 mg of ondansetron. The dimensions for 4-mg ondansetron hydrochloride tablets are 10.10 x 5.60 mm. Each 8-mg ondansetron hydrochloride tablet for oral administration contains ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 8 mg of ondansetron. The dimensions for 8-mg ondansetron hydrochloride tablets are 10.10 x 5.60 mm. Each 24-mg ondansetron hydrochloride tablet for oral administration contains ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 24 mg of ondansetron. The dimensions for 24-mg ondansetron hydrochloride tablets are 14.10 x 7.60 mm. Each tablet also contains the inactive ingredients colloidal silicon dioxide, hypromellose, iron oxide yellow (8 mg tablet only), iron oxide red (24 mg tablet only), lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, pregelatinized starch, titanium dioxide and triacetin.

Each 4-mg ondansetron orally disintegrating tablet USP for oral administration contains

4 mg ondansetron base. Each 8-mg ondansetron orally disintegrating tablet USP for oral administration contains 8 mg ondansetron base. Each ondansetron orally disintegrating tablet USP also contains the inactive ingredients aspartame, colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, magnesium stearate, mannitol, sodium stearyl fumarate and strawberry flavor. Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP are orally administered formulation of ondansetron which rapidly disintegrates on the tongue and does not require water to aid dissolution or swallowing. This product disintegrates in approximately 60 seconds.



What does Ondansetron look like?



What are the available doses of Ondansetron?

Sorry No records found.

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Ondansetron?

Sorry No records found

How should I use Ondansetron?

Do not attempt to push ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets through the foil backing. With dry hands, PEEL BACK the foil backing of 1 blister and GENTLY remove the tablet. IMMEDIATELY place the ondansetron orally disintegrating tablet on top of the tongue where it will dissolve in seconds, then swallow with saliva. Administration with liquid is not necessary.

The recommended adult oral dosage of ondansetron hydrochloride is 24 mg given as three 8-mg tablets administered 30 minutes before the start of single-day highly emetogenic chemotherapy, including cisplatin ≥50 mg/m. Multiday, single-dose administration of a 24 mg dosage has not been studied.

There is no experience with the use of a 24 mg dosage in pediatric patients.

The dosage recommendation is the same as for the general population.

The recommended adult oral dosage is one 8-mg ondansetron hydrochloride tablet or one 8-mg ondansetron orally disintegrating tablet given twice a day. The first dose should be administered 30 minutes before the start of emetogenic chemotherapy, with a subsequent dose 8 hours after the first dose. One 8-mg ondansetron hydrochloride tablet or one 8-mg ondansetron orally disintegrating tablet should be administered twice a day (every 12 hours) for 1 to 2 days after completion of chemotherapy.

For pediatric patients 12 years of age and older, the dosage is the same as for adults. For pediatric patients 4 through 11 years of age, the dosage is one 4-mg ondansetron hydrochloride tablet or one 4-mg ondansetron orally disintegrating tablet given 3 times a day. The first dose should be administered 30 minutes before the start of emetogenic chemotherapy, with subsequent doses 4 and 8 hours after the first dose. One 4-mg ondansetron hydrochloride tablet or one 4-mg ondansetron orally disintegrating tablet should be administered 3 times a day (every 8 hours) for 1 to 2 days after completion of chemotherapy.

The dosage is the same as for the general population.

The recommended oral dosage is one 8-mg ondansetron hydrochloride tablet or one 8-mg ondansetron orally disintegrating tablet given 3 times a day.

For total body irradiation

For single high-dose fraction radiotherapy to the abdomen

For daily fractionated radiotherapy to the abdomen

There is no experience with the use of ondansetron hydrochloride tablets or ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets in the prevention of radiation-induced nausea and vomiting in pediatric patients.

The dosage recommendation is the same as for the general population.

The recommended dosage is 16 mg given as two 8-mg ondansetron hydrochloride tablets or two 8-mg ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets 1 hour before induction of anesthesia.

There is no experience with the use of ondansetron hydrochloride tablets or ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets in the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting in pediatric patients.

The dosage is the same as for the general population.

The dosage recommendation is the same as for the general population. There is no experience beyond first-day administration of ondansetron.

In patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pughscore of 10 or greater), clearance is reduced and apparent volume of distribution is increased with a resultant increase in plasma half-life. In such patients, a total daily dose of 8 mg should not be exceeded.


What interacts with Ondansetron?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of Ondansetron?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Ondansetron?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of Ondansetron?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Ondansetron?

Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets and ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets are contraindicated for patients known to have hypersensitivity to the drug.

Hypersensitivity reactions have been reported in patients who have exhibited hypersensitivity to other selective 5-HT receptor antagonists.


What might happen if I take too much Ondansetron?

There is no specific antidote for ondansetron overdose. Patients should be managed with appropriate supportive therapy. Individual intravenous doses as large as 150 mg and total daily intravenous doses as large as 252 mg have been inadvertently administered without significant adverse events. These doses are more than 10 times the recommended daily dose.

In addition to the adverse events listed above, the following events have been described in the setting of ondansetron overdose: “Sudden blindness” (amaurosis) of 2 to 3 minutes’ duration plus severe constipation occurred in 1 patient that was administered 72 mg of ondansetron intravenously as a single dose. Hypotension (and faintness) occurred in a patient that took 48 mg of ondansetron hydrochloride tablets. Following infusion of 32 mg over only a 4-minute period, a vasovagal episode with transient second-degree heart block was observed. In all instances, the events resolved completely.


How should I store and handle Ondansetron?

Store at controlled room temperature 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [see USP] .Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 4 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 4 mg of ondansetron), are white, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘4’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-105-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-105-33).Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 8 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 8 mg of ondansetron), are yellow, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘8’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-106-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-106-33).Bottles: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.Carton: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Protect from light. Store blister in carton.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 24 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 24 mg of ondansetron), are pink, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘24’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in daily unit dose packs of 1 tablet (NDC 68462-107-40).Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 4 mg (as 4 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘4’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-157-13).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 8 mg (as 8 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘8’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 10 tablets (NDC 68462-158-11) and 30 tablets (NDC 68462-158-13).Store at 20°-25°C (68°- 77°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Manufactured by:Glenmark Generics Ltd.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 4 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 4 mg of ondansetron), are white, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘4’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-105-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-105-33).Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 8 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 8 mg of ondansetron), are yellow, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘8’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-106-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-106-33).Bottles: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.Carton: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Protect from light. Store blister in carton.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 24 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 24 mg of ondansetron), are pink, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘24’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in daily unit dose packs of 1 tablet (NDC 68462-107-40).Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 4 mg (as 4 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘4’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-157-13).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 8 mg (as 8 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘8’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 10 tablets (NDC 68462-158-11) and 30 tablets (NDC 68462-158-13).Store at 20°-25°C (68°- 77°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Manufactured by:Glenmark Generics Ltd.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 4 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 4 mg of ondansetron), are white, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘4’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-105-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-105-33).Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 8 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 8 mg of ondansetron), are yellow, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘8’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-106-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-106-33).Bottles: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.Carton: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Protect from light. Store blister in carton.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 24 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 24 mg of ondansetron), are pink, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘24’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in daily unit dose packs of 1 tablet (NDC 68462-107-40).Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 4 mg (as 4 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘4’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-157-13).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 8 mg (as 8 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘8’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 10 tablets (NDC 68462-158-11) and 30 tablets (NDC 68462-158-13).Store at 20°-25°C (68°- 77°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Manufactured by:Glenmark Generics Ltd.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 4 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 4 mg of ondansetron), are white, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘4’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-105-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-105-33).Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 8 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 8 mg of ondansetron), are yellow, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘8’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-106-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-106-33).Bottles: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.Carton: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Protect from light. Store blister in carton.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 24 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 24 mg of ondansetron), are pink, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘24’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in daily unit dose packs of 1 tablet (NDC 68462-107-40).Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 4 mg (as 4 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘4’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-157-13).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 8 mg (as 8 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘8’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 10 tablets (NDC 68462-158-11) and 30 tablets (NDC 68462-158-13).Store at 20°-25°C (68°- 77°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Manufactured by:Glenmark Generics Ltd.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 4 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 4 mg of ondansetron), are white, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘4’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-105-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-105-33).Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 8 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 8 mg of ondansetron), are yellow, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘8’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-106-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-106-33).Bottles: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.Carton: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Protect from light. Store blister in carton.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 24 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 24 mg of ondansetron), are pink, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘24’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in daily unit dose packs of 1 tablet (NDC 68462-107-40).Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 4 mg (as 4 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘4’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-157-13).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 8 mg (as 8 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘8’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 10 tablets (NDC 68462-158-11) and 30 tablets (NDC 68462-158-13).Store at 20°-25°C (68°- 77°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Manufactured by:Glenmark Generics Ltd.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 4 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 4 mg of ondansetron), are white, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘4’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-105-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-105-33).Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 8 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 8 mg of ondansetron), are yellow, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘8’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-106-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-106-33).Bottles: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.Carton: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Protect from light. Store blister in carton.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 24 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 24 mg of ondansetron), are pink, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘24’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in daily unit dose packs of 1 tablet (NDC 68462-107-40).Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 4 mg (as 4 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘4’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-157-13).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 8 mg (as 8 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘8’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 10 tablets (NDC 68462-158-11) and 30 tablets (NDC 68462-158-13).Store at 20°-25°C (68°- 77°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Manufactured by:Glenmark Generics Ltd.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 4 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 4 mg of ondansetron), are white, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘4’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-105-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-105-33).Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 8 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 8 mg of ondansetron), are yellow, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘8’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-106-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-106-33).Bottles: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.Carton: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Protect from light. Store blister in carton.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 24 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 24 mg of ondansetron), are pink, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘24’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in daily unit dose packs of 1 tablet (NDC 68462-107-40).Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 4 mg (as 4 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘4’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-157-13).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 8 mg (as 8 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘8’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 10 tablets (NDC 68462-158-11) and 30 tablets (NDC 68462-158-13).Store at 20°-25°C (68°- 77°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Manufactured by:Glenmark Generics Ltd.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 4 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 4 mg of ondansetron), are white, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘4’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-105-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-105-33).Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 8 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 8 mg of ondansetron), are yellow, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘8’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-106-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-106-33).Bottles: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.Carton: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Protect from light. Store blister in carton.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 24 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 24 mg of ondansetron), are pink, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘24’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in daily unit dose packs of 1 tablet (NDC 68462-107-40).Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 4 mg (as 4 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘4’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-157-13).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 8 mg (as 8 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘8’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 10 tablets (NDC 68462-158-11) and 30 tablets (NDC 68462-158-13).Store at 20°-25°C (68°- 77°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Manufactured by:Glenmark Generics Ltd.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 4 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 4 mg of ondansetron), are white, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘4’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-105-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-105-33).Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 8 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 8 mg of ondansetron), are yellow, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘8’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-106-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-106-33).Bottles: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.Carton: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Protect from light. Store blister in carton.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 24 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 24 mg of ondansetron), are pink, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘24’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in daily unit dose packs of 1 tablet (NDC 68462-107-40).Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 4 mg (as 4 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘4’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-157-13).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 8 mg (as 8 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘8’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 10 tablets (NDC 68462-158-11) and 30 tablets (NDC 68462-158-13).Store at 20°-25°C (68°- 77°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Manufactured by:Glenmark Generics Ltd.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 4 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 4 mg of ondansetron), are white, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘4’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-105-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-105-33).Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 8 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 8 mg of ondansetron), are yellow, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘8’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-106-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-106-33).Bottles: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.Carton: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Protect from light. Store blister in carton.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 24 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 24 mg of ondansetron), are pink, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘24’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in daily unit dose packs of 1 tablet (NDC 68462-107-40).Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 4 mg (as 4 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘4’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-157-13).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 8 mg (as 8 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘8’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 10 tablets (NDC 68462-158-11) and 30 tablets (NDC 68462-158-13).Store at 20°-25°C (68°- 77°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Manufactured by:Glenmark Generics Ltd.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 4 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 4 mg of ondansetron), are white, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘4’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-105-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-105-33).Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 8 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 8 mg of ondansetron), are yellow, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘8’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-106-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-106-33).Bottles: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.Carton: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Protect from light. Store blister in carton.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 24 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 24 mg of ondansetron), are pink, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘24’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in daily unit dose packs of 1 tablet (NDC 68462-107-40).Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 4 mg (as 4 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘4’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-157-13).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 8 mg (as 8 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘8’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 10 tablets (NDC 68462-158-11) and 30 tablets (NDC 68462-158-13).Store at 20°-25°C (68°- 77°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Manufactured by:Glenmark Generics Ltd.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 4 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 4 mg of ondansetron), are white, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘4’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-105-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-105-33).Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 8 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 8 mg of ondansetron), are yellow, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘8’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-106-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-106-33).Bottles: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.Carton: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Protect from light. Store blister in carton.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 24 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 24 mg of ondansetron), are pink, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘24’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in daily unit dose packs of 1 tablet (NDC 68462-107-40).Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 4 mg (as 4 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘4’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-157-13).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 8 mg (as 8 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘8’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 10 tablets (NDC 68462-158-11) and 30 tablets (NDC 68462-158-13).Store at 20°-25°C (68°- 77°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Manufactured by:Glenmark Generics Ltd.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 4 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 4 mg of ondansetron), are white, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘4’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-105-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-105-33).Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 8 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 8 mg of ondansetron), are yellow, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘8’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in :Bottles of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-106-30).Carton containing 1 card with 3 unit of use blisters (NDC 68462-106-33).Bottles: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP.Carton: Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Protect from light. Store blister in carton.Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets, 24 mg (ondansetron HCl dihydrate USP equivalent to 24 mg of ondansetron), are pink, oval, standard convex, film-coated tablets with ‘24’ on one side and ‘G1’ logo on the other side in daily unit dose packs of 1 tablet (NDC 68462-107-40).Store at 20º - 25ºC (68º - 77ºF) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 4 mg (as 4 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘4’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 30 tablets (NDC 68462-157-13).Ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets USP, 8 mg (as 8 mg ondansetron base) are white, circular, flat faced, uncoated tablets with ‘G’ engraved on one side and ‘8’ on the other side in unit dose packs of 10 tablets (NDC 68462-158-11) and 30 tablets (NDC 68462-158-13).Store at 20°-25°C (68°- 77°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Manufactured by:Glenmark Generics Ltd.


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

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Clinical Pharmacology

Ondansetron is a selective 5-HT receptor antagonist. While its mechanism of action has not been fully characterized, ondansetron is not a dopamine-receptor antagonist. Serotonin receptors of the 5-HT type are present both peripherally on vagal nerve terminals and centrally in the chemoreceptor trigger zone of the area postrema. It is not certain whether ondansetron's antiemetic action is mediated centrally, peripherally, or in both sites. However, cytotoxic chemotherapy appears to be associated with release of serotonin from the enterochromaffin cells of the small intestine. In humans, urinary 5-HIAA (5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid) excretion increases after cisplatin administration in parallel with the onset of emesis. The released serotonin may stimulate the vagal afferents through the 5-HT receptors and initiate the vomiting reflex.

In animals, the emetic response to cisplatin can be prevented by pretreatment with an inhibitor of serotonin synthesis, bilateral abdominal vagotomy and greater splanchnic nerve section, or pretreatment with a serotonin 5-HT receptor antagonist.

In normal volunteers, single intravenous doses of 0.15 mg/kg of ondansetron had no effect on esophageal motility, gastric motility, lower esophageal sphincter pressure, or small intestinal transit time. Multiday administration of ondansetron has been shown to slow colonic transit in normal volunteers. Ondansetron has no effect on plasma prolactin concentrations.

Ondansetron does not alter the respiratory depressant effects produced by alfentanil or the degree of neuromuscular blockade produced by atracurium. Interactions with general or local anesthetics have not been studied.

Ondansetron is well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and undergoes some first-pass metabolism. Mean bioavailability in healthy subjects, following administration of a single 8-mg tablet, is approximately 56%.

Ondansetron systemic exposure does not increase proportionately to dose. AUC from a 16-mg tablet was 24% greater than predicted from an 8-mg tablet dose. This may reflect some reduction of first-pass metabolism at higher oral doses. Bioavailability is also slightly enhanced by the presence of food but unaffected by antacids.

Ondansetron is extensively metabolized in humans, with approximately 5% of a radiolabeled dose recovered as the parent compound from the urine. The primary metabolic pathway is hydroxylation on the indole ring followed by subsequent glucuronide or sulfate conjugation. Although some nonconjugated metabolites have pharmacologic activity, these are not found in plasma at concentrations likely to significantly contribute to the biological activity of ondansetron.

In vitro

PRECAUTIONS: Drug interactions

In humans, carmustine, etoposide, and cisplatin do not affect the pharmacokinetics of ondansetron.

Gender differences were shown in the disposition of ondansetron given as a single dose. The extent and rate of ondansetron's absorption is greater in women than men. Slower clearance in women, a smaller apparent volume of distribution (adjusted for weight), and higher absolute bioavailability resulted in higher plasma ondansetron levels. These higher plasma levels may in part be explained by differences in body weight between men and women. It is not known whether these gender-related differences were clinically important. More detailed pharmacokinetic information is contained in Tables 1 and 2 taken from 2 studies.

A reduction in clearance and increase in elimination half-life are seen in patients over 75 years of age. In clinical trials with cancer patients, safety and efficacy was similar in patients over 65 years of age and those under 65 years of age; there was an insufficient number of patients over 75 years of age to permit conclusions in that age-group. No dosage adjustment is recommended in the elderly.

In patients with mild-to-moderate hepatic impairment, clearance is reduced 2-fold and mean half-life is increased to 11.6 hours compared to 5.7 hours in normals. In patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh score of 10 or greater), clearance is reduced 2-fold to 3-fold and apparent volume of distribution is increased with a resultant increase in half-life to 20 hours. In patients with severe hepatic impairment, a total daily dose of 8 mg should not be exceeded.

Due to the very small contribution (5%) of renal clearance to the overall clearance, renal impairment was not expected to significantly influence the total clearance of ondansetron. However, ondansetron oral mean plasma clearance was reduced by about 50% in patients with severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance less 30 mL/min). This reduction in clearance is variable and was not consistent with an increase in half-life. No reduction in dose or dosing frequency in these patients is warranted.

Plasma protein binding of ondansetron as measured was 70% to 76% over the concentration range of 10 to 500 ng/mL. Circulating drug also distributes into erythrocytes.

Four-and 8-mg doses of ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets are bioequivalent to corresponding doses of ondansetron hydrochloride tablets and may be used interchangeably. One 24-mg ondansetron hydrochloride tablet is bioequivalent to and interchangeable with three 8-mg ondansetron hydrochloride tablets.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
Ondansetron hydrochloride tablets and ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets are contraindicated for patients known to have hypersensitivity to the drug.

Hypersensitivity reactions have been reported in patients who have exhibited hypersensitivity to other selective 5-HT receptor antagonists.

The following agents may increase certain actions or side effects of anticholinergic drugs: amantadine, antiarrhythmic agents of Class 1 (e.g., quinidine), antihistamines, antipsychotic agents (e.g., phenothiazines), benzodiazepines, MAO inhibitors, narcotic analgesics (e.g., meperidine), nitrates and nitrites, sympathomimetic agents, tricyclic antidepressants, and other drugs having anticholinergic activity.

Anticholinergics antagonize the effects of antiglaucoma agents. Anticholinergic drugs in the presence of increased intraocular pressure may be hazardous when taken concurrently with agents such as corticosteroids. (See also .)

Anticholinergic agents may affect gastrointestinal absorption of various drugs, such as slowly dissolving dosage forms of digoxin; increased serum digoxin concentrations may result. Anticholinergic drugs may antagonize the effects of drugs that alter gastrointestinal motility, such as metoclopramide. Because antacids may interfere with the absorption of anticholinergic agents, simultaneous use of these drugs should be avoided.  The inhibiting effects of anticholinergic drugs on gastric hydrochloric acid secretion are antagonized by agents used to treat achlorhydria and those used to test gastric secretion.

Ondansetron is not a drug that stimulates gastric or intestinal peristalsis. It should not be used instead of nasogastric suction. The use of ondansetron in patients following abdominal surgery or in patients with chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting may mask a progressive ileus and/or gastric distension.

Rarely and predominantly with intravenous ondansetron, transient ECG changes including QT interval prolongation have been reported.

Phenylketonuric patients should be informed that ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets contain phenylalanine (a component of aspartame). Each 4 mg and 8 mg orally disintegrating tablet contains 1.5 mg and 3 mg of phenylalanine, respectively.

Patients should be instructed not to remove ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets from the blister until just prior to dosing. The tablet should not be pushed through the foil. With dry hands, the blister backing should be peeled completely off the blister. The tablet should be gently removed and immediately placed on the tongue to dissolve and be swallowed with the saliva. Peelable illustrated stickers are affixed to the product carton that can be provided with the prescription to ensure proper use and handling of the product.

Ondansetron does not itself appear to induce or inhibit the cytochrome P-450 drug-metabolizing enzyme system of the liver (see ). Because ondansetron is metabolized by hepatic cytochrome P-450 drug-metabolizing enzymes (CYP3A4, CYP2D6, CYP1A2), inducers or inhibitors of these enzymes may change the clearance and, hence, the half-life of ondansetron. On the basis of available data, no dosage adjustment is recommended for patients on these drugs.

Phenytoin, Carbamazepine, and Rifampicin:

Tramadol:

Chemotherapy:

In a crossover study in 76 pediatric patients, I.V. ondansetron did not increase blood levels of high-dose methotrexate.

Use in Surgical Patients:

Carcinogenic effects were not seen in 2-year studies in rats and mice with oral ondansetron doses up to 10 and 30 mg/kg/day, respectively. Ondansetron was not mutagenic in standard tests for mutagenicity. Oral administration of ondansetron up to 15 mg/kg/day did not affect fertility or general reproductive performance of male and female rats.

Pregnancy Category B. Reproduction studies have been performed in pregnant rats and rabbits at daily oral doses up to 15 and 30 mg/kg/day, respectively, and have revealed no evidence of impaired fertility or harm to the fetus due to ondansetron. There are, however, no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, this drug should be used during pregnancy only if clearly needed.

Ondansetron is excreted in the breast milk of rats. It is not known whether ondansetron is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when ondansetron is administered to a nursing woman.

Little information is available about dosage in pediatric patients 4 years of age or younger (see and sections for use in pediatric patients 4 to 18 years of age).

Of the total number of subjects enrolled in cancer chemotherapy-induced and postoperative nausea and vomiting in US- and foreign-controlled clinical trials, for which there were subgroup analyses, 938 were 65 years of age and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects, and other reported clinical experience has not identified differences in responses between the elderly and younger patients, but greater sensitivity of some older individuals cannot be ruled out. Dosage adjustment is not needed in patients over the age of 65 (see .

The following have been reported as adverse events in clinical trials of patients treated with ondansetron, the active ingredient of ondansetron hydrochloride. A causal relationship to therapy with ondansetron hydrochloride has been unclear in many cases.

The adverse events in Table 5 have been reported in 5% of adult patients receiving a single 24-mg ondansetron hydrochloride tablet in 2 trials. These patients were receiving concurrent highly emetogenic cisplatin-based chemotherapy regimens (cisplatin dose 50 mg/m).

The adverse events in Table 6 have been reported in 5% of adults receiving either 8 mg of ondansetron hydrochloride tablets 2 or 3 times a day for 3 days or placebo in 4 trials. These patients were receiving concurrent moderately emetogenic chemotherapy, primarily cyclophosphamide-based regimens.

There have been rare reports consistent with, but not diagnostic of, extrapyramidal reactions in patients receiving ondansetron.

In 723 patients receiving cyclophosphamide-based chemotherapy in US clinical trials, AST and/or ALT values have been reported to exceed twice the upper limit of normal in approximately 1% to 2% of patients receiving ondansetron hydrochloride tablets. The increases were transient and did not appear to be related to dose or duration of therapy. On repeat exposure, similar transient elevations in transaminase values occurred in some courses, but symptomatic hepatic disease did not occur. The role of cancer chemotherapy in these biochemical changes cannot be clearly determined.

There have been reports of liver failure and death in patients with cancer receiving concurrent medications including potentially hepatotoxic cytotoxic chemotherapy and antibiotics. The etiology of the liver failure is unclear.

Rash has occurred in approximately 1% of patients receiving ondansetron.

Rare cases of anaphylaxis, bronchospasm, tachycardia, angina (chest pain), hypokalemia, electrocardiographic alterations, vascular occlusive events, and grand mal seizures have been reported. Except for bronchospasm and anaphylaxis, the relationship to ondansetron hydrochloride was unclear.

The adverse events reported in patients receiving ondansetron hydrochloride tablets and concurrent radiotherapy were similar to those reported in patients receiving ondansetron hydrochloride tablets and concurrent chemotherapy. The most frequently reported adverse events were headache, constipation, and diarrhea.

The adverse events in Table 7 have been reported in 5% of patients receiving ondansetron hydrochloride tablets at a dosage of 16 mg orally in clinical trials. With the exception of headache, rates of these events were not significantly different in the ondansetron and placebo groups. These patients were receiving multiple concomitant perioperative and postoperative medications.

Preliminary observations in a small number of subjects suggest a higher incidence of headache when ondansetron orally disintegrating tablets are taken with water, when compared to without water.

In addition to adverse events reported from clinical trials, the following events have been identified during post-approval use of oral formulations of ondansetron hydrochloride. Because they are reported voluntarily from a population of unknown size, estimates of frequency cannot be made. The events have been chosen for inclusion due to a combination of their seriousness, frequency of reporting, or potential causal connection to ondansetron hydrochloride.

Cardiovascular:

General:

Hepatobiliary:

Lower Respiratory:

Neurology:

Skin:

Special Senses: Eye Disorders:

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

A total of 440 drugs (1549 brand and generic names) are known to interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib). 228 major drug interactions (854 brand and generic names) 210 moderate drug interactions (691 brand and generic names) 2 minor drug interactions (4 brand and generic names) Show all medications in the database that may interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib).