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Orfadin

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Overview

What is Orfadin?

ORFADIN contains nitisinone, which is a hydroxyphenyl-pyruvate dioxygenase inhibitor indicated as an adjunct to dietary restriction of tyrosine and phenylalanine in the treatment of hereditary tyrosinemia type 1 (HT-1).

Nitisinone occurs as white to yellowish-white, crystalline powder. It is practically insoluble in water, soluble in 2M sodium hydroxide and in methanol, and sparingly soluble in alcohol.

Chemically, nitisinone is 2-(2-nitro-4-trifluoromethylbenzoyl) cyclohexane-1,3-dione, and the structural formula is:

Capsules: Hard, white-opaque capsule, marked as 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg or 20 mg strengths of nitisinone, intended for oral administration. Each capsule contains 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg or 20 mg nitisinone, plus pre-gelatinized starch. The capsule shell is gelatin and titanium dioxide and the imprint is an iron oxide.

Oral suspension: 4 mg/mL, a white, slightly viscous opaque suspension. The inactive ingredients are hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, glycerol, polysorbate 80, sodium benzoate, citric acid monohydrate, trisodium citrate dihydrate, strawberry aroma (artificial) and purified water.

Glycerol: Each mL contains 500 mg.

Sodium: Each mL contains 0.7 mg (0.03 mEq).



What does Orfadin look like?



What are the available doses of Orfadin?

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Orfadin?

How should I use Orfadin?

ORFADIN is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with hereditary tyrosinemia type 1 (HT-1) in combination with dietary restriction of tyrosine and phenylalanine.

The recommended starting dosage is 0.5 mg/kg orally twice daily.

In patients 5 years of age and older who have undetectable serum and urine succinylacetone concentrations after a minimum of 4 weeks on a stable dosage of nitisinone, the total daily dose may be given once daily.

Titrate the dosage based on biochemical and/or clinical response, as described in the full prescribing information.

The maximum total daily dosage is 2 mg/kg orally .


What interacts with Orfadin?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of Orfadin?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Orfadin?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of Orfadin?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Orfadin?

None.


What might happen if I take too much Orfadin?

Accidental ingestion of ORFADIN by individuals eating normal diets not restricted in tyrosine and phenylalanine will result in elevated tyrosine levels. In healthy subjects given a single 1 mg/kg dose of nitisinone, the plasma tyrosine level reached a maximum of 1200 micromol/L at 48 to 120 hours after dosing. After a washout period of 14 days, the mean value of plasma tyrosine was still 808 micromol/L. Fasted follow-up samples obtained from volunteers several weeks later showed tyrosine values back to normal. There were no reports of changes in vital signs or laboratory data of any clinical significance. One patient reported sensitivity to sunlight. Hyper-tyrosinemia has been reported with ORFADIN treatment .


How should I store and handle Orfadin?

Storage and HandlingSIMPONI must be refrigerated at 2 °C to 8 °C (36 °F to 46 °F) and protected from light. Keep the product in the original carton to protect from light until the time of use. Do not freeze. Do not shake. Do not use SIMPONI beyond the expiration date (EXP) on the carton or the expiration date on the prefilled syringe (observed through the viewing window) or the prefilled SmartJect autoinjector.Storage and HandlingSIMPONI must be refrigerated at 2 °C to 8 °C (36 °F to 46 °F) and protected from light. Keep the product in the original carton to protect from light until the time of use. Do not freeze. Do not shake. Do not use SIMPONI beyond the expiration date (EXP) on the carton or the expiration date on the prefilled syringe (observed through the viewing window) or the prefilled SmartJect autoinjector.Capsules: White capsules marked in black with "NTBC" and identified as 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg or 20 mg strengths of nitisinone. The capsules are packed in a high density (HD) polyethylene container with a tamper-resistant low density (LD) polyethylene snap-on cap. Each bottle contains 60 capsules. 2 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 2 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-102-60 5 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 5 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-105-60 10 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 10 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-110-60 20 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 20 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-120-60 Store refrigerated at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Alternatively, patients/caregivers may store ORFADIN capsules at room temperature up to 25°C (77°F) for up to 45 days. If not used within 45 days, discard ORFADIN capsules. Oral suspension: White, slightly viscous opaque suspension. 1 mL contains 4 mg of nitisinone. The suspension is provided in a 100 mL brown bottle (type III glass) with a white child resistant HDPE screw cap with sealing and tamper evidence. Each bottle contains 90 mL oral suspension. Oral suspension 4 mg/mL, NDC 66658-204-90 Store refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) prior to first use. Do not freeze. Store upright. After first opening, store the product at room temperature (up to 25°C (77°F)) for up to 60 days. If not used within 60 days, discard unused portion. The discard after date should be noted on the bottle Capsules: White capsules marked in black with "NTBC" and identified as 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg or 20 mg strengths of nitisinone. The capsules are packed in a high density (HD) polyethylene container with a tamper-resistant low density (LD) polyethylene snap-on cap. Each bottle contains 60 capsules. 2 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 2 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-102-60 5 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 5 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-105-60 10 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 10 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-110-60 20 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 20 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-120-60 Store refrigerated at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Alternatively, patients/caregivers may store ORFADIN capsules at room temperature up to 25°C (77°F) for up to 45 days. If not used within 45 days, discard ORFADIN capsules. Oral suspension: White, slightly viscous opaque suspension. 1 mL contains 4 mg of nitisinone. The suspension is provided in a 100 mL brown bottle (type III glass) with a white child resistant HDPE screw cap with sealing and tamper evidence. Each bottle contains 90 mL oral suspension. Oral suspension 4 mg/mL, NDC 66658-204-90 Store refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) prior to first use. Do not freeze. Store upright. After first opening, store the product at room temperature (up to 25°C (77°F)) for up to 60 days. If not used within 60 days, discard unused portion. The discard after date should be noted on the bottle Capsules: White capsules marked in black with "NTBC" and identified as 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg or 20 mg strengths of nitisinone. The capsules are packed in a high density (HD) polyethylene container with a tamper-resistant low density (LD) polyethylene snap-on cap. Each bottle contains 60 capsules. 2 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 2 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-102-60 5 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 5 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-105-60 10 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 10 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-110-60 20 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 20 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-120-60 Store refrigerated at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Alternatively, patients/caregivers may store ORFADIN capsules at room temperature up to 25°C (77°F) for up to 45 days. If not used within 45 days, discard ORFADIN capsules. Oral suspension: White, slightly viscous opaque suspension. 1 mL contains 4 mg of nitisinone. The suspension is provided in a 100 mL brown bottle (type III glass) with a white child resistant HDPE screw cap with sealing and tamper evidence. Each bottle contains 90 mL oral suspension. Oral suspension 4 mg/mL, NDC 66658-204-90 Store refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) prior to first use. Do not freeze. Store upright. After first opening, store the product at room temperature (up to 25°C (77°F)) for up to 60 days. If not used within 60 days, discard unused portion. The discard after date should be noted on the bottle Capsules: White capsules marked in black with "NTBC" and identified as 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg or 20 mg strengths of nitisinone. The capsules are packed in a high density (HD) polyethylene container with a tamper-resistant low density (LD) polyethylene snap-on cap. Each bottle contains 60 capsules. 2 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 2 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-102-60 5 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 5 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-105-60 10 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 10 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-110-60 20 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 20 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-120-60 Store refrigerated at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Alternatively, patients/caregivers may store ORFADIN capsules at room temperature up to 25°C (77°F) for up to 45 days. If not used within 45 days, discard ORFADIN capsules. Oral suspension: White, slightly viscous opaque suspension. 1 mL contains 4 mg of nitisinone. The suspension is provided in a 100 mL brown bottle (type III glass) with a white child resistant HDPE screw cap with sealing and tamper evidence. Each bottle contains 90 mL oral suspension. Oral suspension 4 mg/mL, NDC 66658-204-90 Store refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) prior to first use. Do not freeze. Store upright. After first opening, store the product at room temperature (up to 25°C (77°F)) for up to 60 days. If not used within 60 days, discard unused portion. The discard after date should be noted on the bottle Capsules: White capsules marked in black with "NTBC" and identified as 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg or 20 mg strengths of nitisinone. The capsules are packed in a high density (HD) polyethylene container with a tamper-resistant low density (LD) polyethylene snap-on cap. Each bottle contains 60 capsules. 2 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 2 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-102-60 5 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 5 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-105-60 10 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 10 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-110-60 20 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 20 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-120-60 Store refrigerated at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Alternatively, patients/caregivers may store ORFADIN capsules at room temperature up to 25°C (77°F) for up to 45 days. If not used within 45 days, discard ORFADIN capsules. Oral suspension: White, slightly viscous opaque suspension. 1 mL contains 4 mg of nitisinone. The suspension is provided in a 100 mL brown bottle (type III glass) with a white child resistant HDPE screw cap with sealing and tamper evidence. Each bottle contains 90 mL oral suspension. Oral suspension 4 mg/mL, NDC 66658-204-90 Store refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) prior to first use. Do not freeze. Store upright. After first opening, store the product at room temperature (up to 25°C (77°F)) for up to 60 days. If not used within 60 days, discard unused portion. The discard after date should be noted on the bottle Capsules: White capsules marked in black with "NTBC" and identified as 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg or 20 mg strengths of nitisinone. The capsules are packed in a high density (HD) polyethylene container with a tamper-resistant low density (LD) polyethylene snap-on cap. Each bottle contains 60 capsules. 2 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 2 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-102-60 5 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 5 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-105-60 10 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 10 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-110-60 20 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 20 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-120-60 Store refrigerated at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Alternatively, patients/caregivers may store ORFADIN capsules at room temperature up to 25°C (77°F) for up to 45 days. If not used within 45 days, discard ORFADIN capsules. Oral suspension: White, slightly viscous opaque suspension. 1 mL contains 4 mg of nitisinone. The suspension is provided in a 100 mL brown bottle (type III glass) with a white child resistant HDPE screw cap with sealing and tamper evidence. Each bottle contains 90 mL oral suspension. Oral suspension 4 mg/mL, NDC 66658-204-90 Store refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) prior to first use. Do not freeze. Store upright. After first opening, store the product at room temperature (up to 25°C (77°F)) for up to 60 days. If not used within 60 days, discard unused portion. The discard after date should be noted on the bottle Capsules: White capsules marked in black with "NTBC" and identified as 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg or 20 mg strengths of nitisinone. The capsules are packed in a high density (HD) polyethylene container with a tamper-resistant low density (LD) polyethylene snap-on cap. Each bottle contains 60 capsules. 2 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 2 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-102-60 5 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 5 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-105-60 10 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 10 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-110-60 20 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 20 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-120-60 Store refrigerated at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Alternatively, patients/caregivers may store ORFADIN capsules at room temperature up to 25°C (77°F) for up to 45 days. If not used within 45 days, discard ORFADIN capsules. Oral suspension: White, slightly viscous opaque suspension. 1 mL contains 4 mg of nitisinone. The suspension is provided in a 100 mL brown bottle (type III glass) with a white child resistant HDPE screw cap with sealing and tamper evidence. Each bottle contains 90 mL oral suspension. Oral suspension 4 mg/mL, NDC 66658-204-90 Store refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) prior to first use. Do not freeze. Store upright. After first opening, store the product at room temperature (up to 25°C (77°F)) for up to 60 days. If not used within 60 days, discard unused portion. The discard after date should be noted on the bottle Capsules: White capsules marked in black with "NTBC" and identified as 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg or 20 mg strengths of nitisinone. The capsules are packed in a high density (HD) polyethylene container with a tamper-resistant low density (LD) polyethylene snap-on cap. Each bottle contains 60 capsules. 2 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 2 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-102-60 5 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 5 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-105-60 10 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 10 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-110-60 20 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 20 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-120-60 Store refrigerated at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Alternatively, patients/caregivers may store ORFADIN capsules at room temperature up to 25°C (77°F) for up to 45 days. If not used within 45 days, discard ORFADIN capsules. Oral suspension: White, slightly viscous opaque suspension. 1 mL contains 4 mg of nitisinone. The suspension is provided in a 100 mL brown bottle (type III glass) with a white child resistant HDPE screw cap with sealing and tamper evidence. Each bottle contains 90 mL oral suspension. Oral suspension 4 mg/mL, NDC 66658-204-90 Store refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) prior to first use. Do not freeze. Store upright. After first opening, store the product at room temperature (up to 25°C (77°F)) for up to 60 days. If not used within 60 days, discard unused portion. The discard after date should be noted on the bottle Capsules: White capsules marked in black with "NTBC" and identified as 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg or 20 mg strengths of nitisinone. The capsules are packed in a high density (HD) polyethylene container with a tamper-resistant low density (LD) polyethylene snap-on cap. Each bottle contains 60 capsules. 2 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 2 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-102-60 5 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 5 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-105-60 10 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 10 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-110-60 20 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 20 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-120-60 Store refrigerated at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Alternatively, patients/caregivers may store ORFADIN capsules at room temperature up to 25°C (77°F) for up to 45 days. If not used within 45 days, discard ORFADIN capsules. Oral suspension: White, slightly viscous opaque suspension. 1 mL contains 4 mg of nitisinone. The suspension is provided in a 100 mL brown bottle (type III glass) with a white child resistant HDPE screw cap with sealing and tamper evidence. Each bottle contains 90 mL oral suspension. Oral suspension 4 mg/mL, NDC 66658-204-90 Store refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) prior to first use. Do not freeze. Store upright. After first opening, store the product at room temperature (up to 25°C (77°F)) for up to 60 days. If not used within 60 days, discard unused portion. The discard after date should be noted on the bottle Capsules: White capsules marked in black with "NTBC" and identified as 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg or 20 mg strengths of nitisinone. The capsules are packed in a high density (HD) polyethylene container with a tamper-resistant low density (LD) polyethylene snap-on cap. Each bottle contains 60 capsules. 2 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 2 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-102-60 5 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 5 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-105-60 10 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 10 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-110-60 20 mg white capsules imprinted "NTBC 20 mg" in black ink, NDC 66658-120-60 Store refrigerated at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Alternatively, patients/caregivers may store ORFADIN capsules at room temperature up to 25°C (77°F) for up to 45 days. If not used within 45 days, discard ORFADIN capsules. Oral suspension: White, slightly viscous opaque suspension. 1 mL contains 4 mg of nitisinone. The suspension is provided in a 100 mL brown bottle (type III glass) with a white child resistant HDPE screw cap with sealing and tamper evidence. Each bottle contains 90 mL oral suspension. Oral suspension 4 mg/mL, NDC 66658-204-90 Store refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) prior to first use. Do not freeze. Store upright. After first opening, store the product at room temperature (up to 25°C (77°F)) for up to 60 days. If not used within 60 days, discard unused portion. The discard after date should be noted on the bottle


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

Nitisinone is a competitive inhibitor of 4-hydroxyphenyl-pyruvate dioxygenase, an enzyme upstream of fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH) in the tyrosine catabolic pathway. By inhibiting the normal catabolism of tyrosine in patients with HT-1, nitisinone prevents the accumulation of the catabolic intermediates maleylacetoacetate and fumarylacetoacetate. In patients with HT-1, these catabolic intermediates are converted to the toxic metabolites succinylacetone and succinylacetoacetate, which are responsible for the observed liver and kidney toxicity. Succinylacetone can also inhibit the porphyrin synthesis pathway leading to the accumulation of 5-aminolevulinate, a neurotoxin responsible for the porphyric crises characteristic of HT-1.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
None.

Although the pressor activity of desmopressin acetate is very low compared to its antidiuretic activity, large doses of desmopressin acetate tablets should be used with other pressor agents only with careful patient monitoring. The concomitant administration of drugs that may increase the risk of water intoxication with hyponatremia, (e.g. tricyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors, chlorpromazine, opiate analgesics, NSAIDs, lamotrigene and carbamazepine) should be performed with caution.

Nitisinone is an inhibitor of 4-hydroxyphenyl-pyruvate dioxygenase, an enzyme in the tyrosine metabolic pathway . Therefore, treatment with ORFADIN may cause an increase in plasma tyrosine levels in patients with HT-1. Maintain concomitant reduction in dietary tyrosine and phenylalanine while on ORFADIN treatment. Do not adjust ORFADIN dosage in order to lower the plasma tyrosine concentration. Maintain plasma tyrosine levels below 500 micromol/L. Inadequate restriction of tyrosine and phenylalanine intake can lead to elevations in plasma tyrosine levels and levels greater than 500 micromol/L may lead to the following:

In patients with HT-1 treated with dietary restrictions and ORFADIN who develop elevated plasma tyrosine levels, assess dietary tyrosine and phenylalanine intake.

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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