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Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin and Caffeine

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Overview

What is Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin and Caffeine?

Each tablet, for oral administration, contains Orphenadrine Citrate USP, 25 mg or 50 mg, Aspirin USP, 385 mg or 770 mg, Caffeine USP, 30 mg or 60 mg.

Orphenadrine citrate, , -Dimethyl-2-[(o-methyl-α-phenylbenzyl)oxy]ethylamine citrate (1:1), is a centrally acting (brain stem) compound. It occurs as a white, practically odorless, crystalline powder, having a bitter taste. Its molecular formula is CHNO.CHO with a molecular weight of 461.51. The structural formula is shown below.

Aspirin, salicylic acid acetate, is a non-opiate analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic agent. It occurs as a white, crystalline tabular or needle like powder and is odorless or has a faint odor. Its molecular formula is CHO, with a molecular weight of 180.16. The structural formula is shown below.

Caffeine, 1,3,7-trimethylxanthine, is a central nervous system stimulant which occurs as a white powder or white glistening needles. It also has a bitter taste. Its molecular formula is CH NO, with a molecular weight of 194.19. The structural formula is shown below.

Each tablet contains the following inactive ingredients: colloidal silicon dioxide, corn starch, croscarmellose sodium, FD&C Blue No. 1, FD&C Yellow No. 10, anhydrous lactose, microcrystalline cellulose, povidone, pregelatinized starch, stearic acid, and sodium lauryl sulfate.



What does Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin and Caffeine look like?



What are the available doses of Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin and Caffeine?

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What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin and Caffeine?

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How should I use Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin and Caffeine?

Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets, 25 mg/385 mg/30 mg: Adults 1 to 2 tablets 3 to 4 times daily.

Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets, 50 mg/770 mg/60 mg: Adults 1/2 to 1 tablet 3 to 4 times daily.


What interacts with Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin and Caffeine?

Because of the mild anti-cholinergic effect of orphenadrine, Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets should not be used in patients with glaucoma, pyloric or duodenal obstruction, achalasia, prostatic hypertrophy, or obstructions at the bladder neck. Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets are also contraindicated in patients with myasthenia gravis and in patients known to be sensitive to aspirin or caffeine.


The drug is contraindicated in patients who have demonstrated a previous hypersensitivity to the drug.



What are the warnings of Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin and Caffeine?

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Reye’s Syndrome may develop in individuals who have chicken pox, influenza, or flu symptoms. Some studies suggest possible association between the development of Reye’s Syndrome and the use of medicines containing salicylate or aspirin. Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets contain aspirin and therefore are not recommended for use in patients with chicken pox, influenza, or flu symptoms. Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets may impair the ability of the patient to engage in potentially hazardous activities such as operating machinery or driving a motor vehicle: ambulatory patients should therefore be cautioned accordingly.

Aspirin should be used with extreme caution in the presence of peptic ulcers and coagulation abnormalities.

Usage in Pregnancy

Since safety of the use of this preparation in pregnancy, during lactation, or in the child-bearing age has not been established, use of the drug in such patients requires that the potential benefits of the drug be weighed against its possible hazard to the mother and child.

Usage in Children

The safe and effective use of this drug in children has not been established. Usage of this drug in children under 12 years of age is not recommended.


What are the precautions of Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin and Caffeine?

Confusion, anxiety and tremors have been reported in a few patients receiving propoxyphene and orphenadrine concomitantly. As these symptoms may be simply due to an additive effect, reduction of dosage and/or discontinuation of one or both agents is recommended in such cases.

Safety of continuous long term therapy with Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets has not been established; therefore, if Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets are prescribed for prolonged use, periodic monitoring of blood, urine and liver function values is recommended.


What are the side effects of Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin and Caffeine?

Side effects of Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets are those seen with aspirin and caffeine or those usually associated with mild anticholinergic agents. These may include tachycardia, palpitation, urinary hesitancy or retention, dry mouth, blurred vision, dilation of the pupil, increased intraocular tension, weakness, nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, constipation, drowsiness, and rarely, urticaria and other dermatoses. Infrequently, an elderly patient may experience some degree of confusion. Mild central excitation and occasional hallucinations may be observed. These mild side effects can usually be eliminated by reduction in dosage. One case of aplastic anemia associated with the use of Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets has been reported. No causal relationship has been established. Rare G.I. hemorrhage due to aspirin content may be associated with the administration of Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets. Some patients may experience transient episodes of lightheadedness, dizziness or syncope.


What should I look out for while using Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin and Caffeine?

Because of the mild anti-cholinergic effect of orphenadrine, Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets should not be used in patients with glaucoma, pyloric or duodenal obstruction, achalasia, prostatic hypertrophy, or obstructions at the bladder neck. Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets are also contraindicated in patients with myasthenia gravis and in patients known to be sensitive to aspirin or caffeine.

The drug is contraindicated in patients who have demonstrated a previous hypersensitivity to the drug.

Reye’s Syndrome may develop in individuals who have chicken pox, influenza, or flu symptoms. Some studies suggest possible association between the development of Reye’s Syndrome and the use of medicines containing salicylate or aspirin. Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets contain aspirin and therefore are not recommended for use in patients with chicken pox, influenza, or flu symptoms. Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets may impair the ability of the patient to engage in potentially hazardous activities such as operating machinery or driving a motor vehicle: ambulatory patients should therefore be cautioned accordingly.

Aspirin should be used with extreme caution in the presence of peptic ulcers and coagulation abnormalities.


What might happen if I take too much Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin and Caffeine?

Sorry No Records found


How should I store and handle Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin and Caffeine?

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Preserve in tight, light-resistant containers.Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Preserve in tight, light-resistant containers.Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets, 50 mg/770 mg/60 mg are scored, capsule-shaped, layered tablets colored white and green, imprinted SZ 491 and are supplied as:NDC 21695-726-30 bottles of 30NDC 21695-726-45 bottles of 45Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets, 50 mg/770 mg/60 mg are scored, capsule-shaped, layered tablets colored white and green, imprinted SZ 491 and are supplied as:NDC 21695-726-30 bottles of 30NDC 21695-726-45 bottles of 45Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets, 50 mg/770 mg/60 mg are scored, capsule-shaped, layered tablets colored white and green, imprinted SZ 491 and are supplied as:NDC 21695-726-30 bottles of 30NDC 21695-726-45 bottles of 45


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

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Clinical Pharmacology

Orphenadrine citrate is a centrally acting (brain stem) compound which in animals selectively blocks facilitatory functions of the reticular formulation. Orphenadrine does not produce myoneural block, nor does it affect crossed extensor reflexes. Orphenadrine prevents nicotine-induced convulsions but not those produced by strychnine.

Chronic administration of Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine to dogs and rats has revealed no drug-related toxicity. No blood or urine changes were observed, nor were there any macroscopic or microscopic pathological changes detected. Extensive experience with combinations containing aspirin and caffeine has established them as safe agents. The addition of orphenadrine citrate does not alter the toxicity of aspirin and caffeine.

The mode of therapeutic action of orphenadrine has not been clearly identified, but may be related to its analgesic properties. Orphenadrine citrate also possesses anticholinergic actions.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
Because of the mild anti-cholinergic effect of orphenadrine, Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets should not be used in patients with glaucoma, pyloric or duodenal obstruction, achalasia, prostatic hypertrophy, or obstructions at the bladder neck. Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets are also contraindicated in patients with myasthenia gravis and in patients known to be sensitive to aspirin or caffeine.

The drug is contraindicated in patients who have demonstrated a previous hypersensitivity to the drug.

Reye’s Syndrome may develop in individuals who have chicken pox, influenza, or flu symptoms. Some studies suggest possible association between the development of Reye’s Syndrome and the use of medicines containing salicylate or aspirin. Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets contain aspirin and therefore are not recommended for use in patients with chicken pox, influenza, or flu symptoms. Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets may impair the ability of the patient to engage in potentially hazardous activities such as operating machinery or driving a motor vehicle: ambulatory patients should therefore be cautioned accordingly.

Aspirin should be used with extreme caution in the presence of peptic ulcers and coagulation abnormalities.

Drug Interactions:

Confusion, anxiety and tremors have been reported in a few patients receiving propoxyphene and orphenadrine concomitantly. As these symptoms may be simply due to an additive effect, reduction of dosage and/or discontinuation of one or both agents is recommended in such cases.

Safety of continuous long term therapy with Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets has not been established; therefore, if Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets are prescribed for prolonged use, periodic monitoring of blood, urine and liver function values is recommended.

Side effects of Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets are those seen with aspirin and caffeine or those usually associated with mild anticholinergic agents. These may include tachycardia, palpitation, urinary hesitancy or retention, dry mouth, blurred vision, dilation of the pupil, increased intraocular tension, weakness, nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, constipation, drowsiness, and rarely, urticaria and other dermatoses. Infrequently, an elderly patient may experience some degree of confusion. Mild central excitation and occasional hallucinations may be observed. These mild side effects can usually be eliminated by reduction in dosage. One case of aplastic anemia associated with the use of Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets has been reported. No causal relationship has been established. Rare G.I. hemorrhage due to aspirin content may be associated with the administration of Orphenadrine Citrate, Aspirin, and Caffeine Tablets. Some patients may experience transient episodes of lightheadedness, dizziness or syncope.

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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