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Phenytek

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Overview

What is Phenytek?

Phenytoin sodium is related to the barbiturates in chemical structure, but has a five-membered ring. The chemical name is 5,5-Diphenylhydantoin sodium salt, having the following structural formula:

Each PHENYTEKcapsule (extended phenytoin sodium capsule, USP) for oral administration contains 200 mg or 300 mg phenytoin sodium, USP. Also contains colloidal silicon dioxide, FD&C Blue No. 1, gelatin, hydroxyethyl cellulose, magnesium oxide, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, povidone, sodium lauryl sulfate and titanium dioxide.

In addition, the imprinting ink contains black iron oxide, D&C Yellow No. 10 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Blue No. 2 Aluminum Lake, FD&C Red No. 40 Aluminum Lake, propylene glycol and shellac glaze. Product performance is characterized by a slow and extended rate of absorption with peak blood concentrations expected in 4 to 12 hours as contrasted to prompt phenytoin sodium capsules with a rapid rate of absorption with peak blood concentration expected in 1½ to 3 hours.

Meets USP Dissolution Test 3.



What does Phenytek look like?



What are the available doses of Phenytek?

PHENYTEK capsules are available as 200 mg or 300 mg extended phenytoin sodium capsules. ()

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Phenytek?

How should I use Phenytek?

PHENYTEKcapsules (extended phenytoin sodium capsules) are indicated for the treatment of tonic-clonic (grand mal) and psychomotor (temporal lobe) seizures and prevention and treatment of seizures occurring during or following neurosurgery.



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What interacts with Phenytek?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of Phenytek?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Phenytek?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of Phenytek?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Phenytek?

PHENYTEKcapsules are contraindicated in patients with:


What might happen if I take too much Phenytek?

The lethal dose in pediatric patients is not known. The lethal dose in adults is estimated to be 2 to 5 grams. The initial symptoms are nystagmus, ataxia, and dysarthria. Other signs are tremor, hyperreflexia, lethargy, slurred speech, blurred vision, nausea, and vomiting. The patient may become comatose and hypotensive. Death is caused by respiratory and circulatory depression.

There are marked variations among individuals with respect to phenytoin serum levels where toxicity may occur. Nystagmus, on lateral gaze, usually appears at 20 mcg/mL, ataxia at 30 mcg/mL; dysarthria and lethargy appear when the serum concentration is over 40 mcg/mL, but as high a concentration as 50 mcg/mL has been reported without evidence of toxicity. As much as 25 times the therapeutic dose has been taken to result in a serum concentration over 100 mcg/mL with complete recovery. Irreversible cerebellar dysfunction and atrophy have been reported.

Treatment: 

The adequacy of the respiratory and circulatory systems should be carefully observed and appropriate supportive measures employed. Hemodialysis can be considered since phenytoin is not completely bound to plasma proteins. Total exchange transfusion has been used in the treatment of severe intoxication in pediatric patients.

In acute overdosage the possibility of other CNS depressants, including alcohol, should be borne in mind.


How should I store and handle Phenytek?

VFEND I.V. for Injection unreconstituted vials should be stored at 15° – 30°C (59° – 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. VFEND is a single dose unpreserved sterile lyophile. From a microbiological point of view, following reconstitution of the lyophile with Water for Injection, the reconstituted solution should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and should not be longer than 24 hours at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Chemical and physical in-use stability has been demonstrated for 24 hours at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). This medicinal product is for single use only and any unused solution should be discarded. Only clear solutions without particles should be used [].VFEND Tablets should be stored at 15° – 30°C (59° – 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].VFEND Powder for Oral Suspension should be stored at 2° – 8°C (36°– 46° F) (in a refrigerator) before reconstitution. The shelf-life of the powder for oral suspension is 24 months. The reconstituted suspension should be stored at 15° – 30°C (59° – 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Do not refrigerate or freeze. Keep the container tightly closed. The shelf-life of the reconstituted suspension is 14 days. Any remaining suspension should be discarded 14 days after reconstitution.VFEND I.V. for Injection unreconstituted vials should be stored at 15° – 30°C (59° – 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. VFEND is a single dose unpreserved sterile lyophile. From a microbiological point of view, following reconstitution of the lyophile with Water for Injection, the reconstituted solution should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and should not be longer than 24 hours at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Chemical and physical in-use stability has been demonstrated for 24 hours at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). This medicinal product is for single use only and any unused solution should be discarded. Only clear solutions without particles should be used [].VFEND Tablets should be stored at 15° – 30°C (59° – 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].VFEND Powder for Oral Suspension should be stored at 2° – 8°C (36°– 46° F) (in a refrigerator) before reconstitution. The shelf-life of the powder for oral suspension is 24 months. The reconstituted suspension should be stored at 15° – 30°C (59° – 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Do not refrigerate or freeze. Keep the container tightly closed. The shelf-life of the reconstituted suspension is 14 days. Any remaining suspension should be discarded 14 days after reconstitution.VFEND I.V. for Injection unreconstituted vials should be stored at 15° – 30°C (59° – 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. VFEND is a single dose unpreserved sterile lyophile. From a microbiological point of view, following reconstitution of the lyophile with Water for Injection, the reconstituted solution should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and should not be longer than 24 hours at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Chemical and physical in-use stability has been demonstrated for 24 hours at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). This medicinal product is for single use only and any unused solution should be discarded. Only clear solutions without particles should be used [].VFEND Tablets should be stored at 15° – 30°C (59° – 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].VFEND Powder for Oral Suspension should be stored at 2° – 8°C (36°– 46° F) (in a refrigerator) before reconstitution. The shelf-life of the powder for oral suspension is 24 months. The reconstituted suspension should be stored at 15° – 30°C (59° – 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Do not refrigerate or freeze. Keep the container tightly closed. The shelf-life of the reconstituted suspension is 14 days. Any remaining suspension should be discarded 14 days after reconstitution.VFEND I.V. for Injection unreconstituted vials should be stored at 15° – 30°C (59° – 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. VFEND is a single dose unpreserved sterile lyophile. From a microbiological point of view, following reconstitution of the lyophile with Water for Injection, the reconstituted solution should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and should not be longer than 24 hours at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). Chemical and physical in-use stability has been demonstrated for 24 hours at 2° to 8°C (36° to 46°F). This medicinal product is for single use only and any unused solution should be discarded. Only clear solutions without particles should be used [].VFEND Tablets should be stored at 15° – 30°C (59° – 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].VFEND Powder for Oral Suspension should be stored at 2° – 8°C (36°– 46° F) (in a refrigerator) before reconstitution. The shelf-life of the powder for oral suspension is 24 months. The reconstituted suspension should be stored at 15° – 30°C (59° – 86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Do not refrigerate or freeze. Keep the container tightly closed. The shelf-life of the reconstituted suspension is 14 days. Any remaining suspension should be discarded 14 days after reconstitution.Product: 50090-3187NDC: 50090-3187-0 1 CAPSULE in a BOTTLEProduct: 50090-3187NDC: 50090-3187-0 1 CAPSULE in a BOTTLE


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

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Clinical Pharmacology

The precise mechanism by which phenytoin exerts its therapeutic effect has not been established but is thought to involve the voltage-dependent blockade of membrane sodium channels resulting in a reduction in sustained high-frequency neuronal discharges.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
PHENYTEKcapsules are contraindicated in patients with:

Drugs which may enhance the neuromuscular blocking action of atracurium include: enflurane; isoflurane; halothane; certain antibiotics, especially the aminoglycosides and polymyxins; lithium; magnesium salts; procainamide; and quinidine.

If other muscle relaxants are used during the same procedure, the possibility of a synergistic or antagonist effect should be considered. The prior administration of succinylcholine does not enhance the duration, but quickens the onset and may increase the depth, of neuromuscular block induced by atracurium besylate. Atracurium should not be administered until a patient has recovered from succinylcholine-induced neuromuscular block.

Abrupt withdrawal of phenytoin in epileptic patients may precipitate status epilepticus. When, in the judgment of the clinician, the need for dosage reduction, discontinuation, or substitution of alternative anticonvulsant medication arises, this should be done gradually. However, in the event of an allergic or hypersensitivity reaction, more rapid substitution of alternative therapy may be necessary. In this case, alternative therapy should be an anticonvulsant drug not belonging to the hydantoin chemical class.

The following serious adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling:

The following adverse reactions associated with the use of PHENYTEK capsules were identified in clinical studies or postmarketing reports. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Body as a Whole: 

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There have also been reports of coarsening of facial features, systemic lupus erythematosus, periarteritis nodosa, and immunoglobulin abnormalities.

Digestive System: 

Hematologic and Lymphatic System: 

[see ]

Laboratory Test Abnormality: 

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Nervous System: 

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Skin and Appendages: 

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Special Senses: 

Urogenital: 

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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