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Prestalia

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Overview

What is Prestalia?

PRESTALIA is a combination of perindopril arginine and amlodipine besylate.

Perindopril arginine is the L-arginine salt of perindopril, the ethyl ester of a non-sulfhydryl angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor. Perindopril arginine is chemically described as L-arginine (2S,3aS,7aS)-1-[(2S)-2-[[(1S)-1-(ethoxycarbonyl)butyl]amino]propanoyl] octahydro-1H-indole-2-carboxylate. Its empirical formula is CHNO•CHNO and its structural formula is:

Perindopril arginine is a white, crystalline powder with a molecular weight 542.7. The free acid has the molecular weight of 368.5. It is readily soluble in purified water, slightly soluble in 95% ethanol, and practically insoluble in chloroform.

Perindopril is the free-acid form of perindopril arginine. Perindopril is a pro-drug and is metabolized by hydrolysis of the ester group to form perindoprilat, the biologically active metabolite.

Amlodipine besylate is the benzene sulphonic acid salt of amlodipine, a long-acting dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker. Amlodipine besylate is chemically described as 3-ethyl-5-methyl (±)-2-[(2-aminoethoxy)methyl]-4-(2-chlorophenyl)-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-3,5-pyridinedicarboxylate monobenzenesulphonate. Its empirical formula is CHClNO•CHOS and its structural formula is:

Amlodipine besylate is a white crystalline powder with a molecular weight of 567.1. It is slightly soluble in water and sparingly soluble in ethanol. The content of the tablets is expressed as amlodipine (free base) which has a molecular weight of 409.1.

PRESTALIA tablets are formulated in three different strengths for oral administration. Tablets contain perindopril arginine 3.5 mg, 7 mg, or 14 mg and amlodipine 2.5 mg, 5 mg, or 10 mg for the following available perindopril arginine/amlodipine combinations: 3.5/2.5 mg, 7/5 mg, and 14/10 mg.

Inactive ingredients are lactose, microcrystalline cellulose, colloidal silicon dioxide, and magnesium stearate.



What does Prestalia look like?



What are the available doses of Prestalia?

PRESTALIA is available as fixed dose combination tablets of perindopril arginine and amlodipine:

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Prestalia?

How should I use Prestalia?

PRESTALIA contains perindopril arginine, an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, and amlodipine, a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker, and is indicated for the treatment of hypertension, to lower blood pressure.

PRESTALIA may be used in patients whose blood pressure is not adequately controlled on monotherapy.

PRESTALIA may be used as initial therapy in patients likely to need multiple drugs to achieve blood pressure goals.

Lowering blood pressure reduces the risk of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events, primarily strokes and myocardial infarctions.

These benefits have been seen in controlled trials of antihypertensive drugs from a wide variety of pharmacologic classes, including amlodipine and the ACE inhibitor class to which perindopril principally belongs. There are no controlled trials demonstrating risk reduction with PRESTALIA.

Control of high blood pressure should be part of comprehensive cardiovascular risk management, including, as appropriate, lipid control, diabetes management, antithrombotic therapy, smoking cessation, exercise, and limited sodium intake. Many patients will require more than one drug to achieve blood pressure goals. For specific advice on goals and management, see published guidelines, such as those of the National High Blood Pressure Education Program's Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC).

Numerous antihypertensive drugs, from a variety of pharmacologic classes and with different mechanisms of action, have been shown in randomized controlled trials to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and it can be concluded that it is blood pressure reduction, and not some other pharmacologic property of the drugs, that is largely responsible for those benefits. The largest and most consistent cardiovascular outcome benefit has been a reduction in the risk of stroke, but reductions in myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality also have been seen regularly.

Elevated systolic or diastolic pressure causes increased cardiovascular risk, and the absolute risk increase per mmHg is greater at higher blood pressures, so that even modest reductions of severe hypertension can provide substantial benefit. Relative risk reduction from blood pressure reduction is similar across populations with varying absolute risk, so the absolute benefit is greater in patients who are at higher risk independent of their hypertension (for example, patients with diabetes or hyperlipidemia), and such patients would be expected to benefit from more aggressive treatment to a lower blood pressure goal.

Some antihypertensive drugs have smaller blood pressure effects (as monotherapy) in black patients, and many antihypertensive drugs have additional approved indications and effects (e.g., on angina, heart failure, or diabetic kidney disease). These considerations may guide selection of therapy. In a clinical trial of PRESTALIA, treatment with PRESTALIA 14/10 mg did not provide additional antihypertensive effect beyond that achieved with use of amlodipine 10 mg in black and diabetic patients .

The choice of PRESTALIA as initial therapy for hypertension should be based on an assessment of potential benefits and risks including whether the patient is likely to tolerate the starting dose of PRESTALIA.

Patients with moderate-to-severe hypertension are at a relatively high risk of cardiovascular events (e.g., stroke, heart attack, and heart failure), kidney failure, and vision problems, so prompt treatment is clinically relevant. Consider the patient's baseline blood pressure, target goal and the incremental likelihood of achieving the goal with a combination product, such as PRESTALIA, versus a monotherapy product when deciding upon initial therapy. Individual blood pressure goals may vary based on the patient's risk.

Data from an 6-week, active-controlled trial provide estimates of the probability of reaching a target blood pressure with PRESTALIA compared with perindopril erbumine or amlodipine monotherapy .

Figure 1.a Probability of Achieving Systolic Blood Pressure
Figure 1.b Probability of Achieving Systolic Blood Pressure
Figure 1.c Probability of Achieving Diastolic Blood Pressure
Figure 1.d Probability of Achieving Diastolic Blood Pressure
For example, a patient with a baseline blood pressure of 170/105 mmHg has approximately a 26% likelihood of achieving a goal of
The recommended starting dose of PRESTALIA is 3.5/2.5 mg once daily.

Adjust dosage according to blood pressure goals. In general, wait 7 to 14 days between titration steps. The maximum recommended dose is 14/10 mg once daily .

PRESTALIA may be used as initial therapy if a patient is likely to need multiple drugs to achieve blood pressure goals.

Consider use in patients unable to achieve adequate antihypertensive effect with amlodipine monotherapy because of dose-limiting peripheral edema caused by amlodipine .

Administered as monotherapy, perindopril erbumine is an effective treatment for hypertension in once-daily doses ranging from 4 mg to 16 mg daily. Amlodipine is effective in once-daily doses of 5 mg and 10 mg. Adverse reactions related to perindopril are generally uncommon and independent of dose, while those related to amlodipine are a mixture of dose-dependent phenomena (primarily peripheral edema) and dose-independent phenomena, the former much more common than the latter .


What interacts with Prestalia?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of Prestalia?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Prestalia?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of Prestalia?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Prestalia?

PRESTALIA tablets are contraindicated in patients with hereditary or idiopathic angioedema, with or without previous ACE inhibitor treatment, and in patients who are hypersensitive to perindopril, to any other ACE inhibitor, or to amlodipine.

Do not co-administer aliskiren with ACE inhibitors, including PRESTALIA, in patients with diabetes.

Prestalia is contraindicated in combination with neprilysin inhibitor (e.g., sacubitril). Do not administer Prestalia within 36 hours of switching to or from sacubitril/valsartan, a neprilysin inhibitor


What might happen if I take too much Prestalia?


How should I store and handle Prestalia?

PRESTALIA is available as white, uncoated tablets containing perindopril arginine 3.5 mg, 7 mg, or 14 mg and amlodipine 2.5 mg, 5 mg, or 10 mg for the following three combinations of perindopril arginine/amlodipine: 3.5/2.5 mg, 7/5 mg, and 14/10 mg. All three strengths are packaged in bottles of 90 tablets. Each tablet is debossed with the tablet strength. Storage: Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F). [See USP controlled room temperature.] Protect from moisture. Dispense in tight container (USP). PRESTALIA is available as white, uncoated tablets containing perindopril arginine 3.5 mg, 7 mg, or 14 mg and amlodipine 2.5 mg, 5 mg, or 10 mg for the following three combinations of perindopril arginine/amlodipine: 3.5/2.5 mg, 7/5 mg, and 14/10 mg. All three strengths are packaged in bottles of 90 tablets. Each tablet is debossed with the tablet strength. Storage: Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F). [See USP controlled room temperature.] Protect from moisture. Dispense in tight container (USP).


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

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Clinical Pharmacology

Non-Clinical Toxicology
PRESTALIA tablets are contraindicated in patients with hereditary or idiopathic angioedema, with or without previous ACE inhibitor treatment, and in patients who are hypersensitive to perindopril, to any other ACE inhibitor, or to amlodipine.

Do not co-administer aliskiren with ACE inhibitors, including PRESTALIA, in patients with diabetes.

Prestalia is contraindicated in combination with neprilysin inhibitor (e.g., sacubitril). Do not administer Prestalia within 36 hours of switching to or from sacubitril/valsartan, a neprilysin inhibitor

Anaphylactoid reactions, including angioedema (head, neck, or intestinal) ().

Myocardial infarction: Worsening angina and acute myocardial infarction can develop after starting or increasing the dose of PRESTALIA, particularly in patients with severe obstructive coronary artery disease ().

Assess for hypotension and hyperkalemia (, ).

Monitor renal function during therapy ().

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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