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ciprofloxacin hydrochloride

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Overview

What is Proquin?

Proquin XR (ciprofloxacin hydrochloride) extended-release tablets contain ciprofloxacin hydrochloride, a synthetic broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antimicrobial agent for oral administration.

Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride is 1-cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-4-oxo-7-(1-piperazinyl)-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid hydrochloride. The molecular weight of the monohydrate is 385.82. It is a faintly yellowish to light yellow crystalline substance and its chemical structure is as follows:

Proquin XR is available as 500 mg (ciprofloxacin equivalent) tablets, utilizing AcuForm™ delivery technology. Proquin XR tablets are blue film-coated and oval-shaped. The inactive ingredients are povidone, magnesium stearate, polyethylene oxide, and film coating (Opadry Blue).



What does Proquin look like?



What are the available doses of Proquin?

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What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Proquin?

Sorry No records found

How should I use Proquin?

Proquin XR is indicated only for the treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections (acute cystitis) caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms listed below. Proquin XR is not interchangeable with other ciprofloxacin extended-release or immediate release oral formulations. See  for specific recommendations.

Uncomplicated urinary tract infections (acute cystitis) caused by and .

THE SAFETY AND EFFICACY OF PROQUIN XR IN TREATING PYELONEPHRITIS, COMPLICATED URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS, AND INFECTIONS OTHER THAN UNCOMPLICATED URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS HAVE NOT BEEN DEMONSTRATED. Alternative therapy should be considered for patients who remain symptomatic or develop fever and back pain while on treatment with Proquin XR.

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Proquin XR and other antibacterial drugs, Proquin XR should only be used to treat uncomplicated urinary tract infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and sensitivity information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

Proquin XR and other oral formulations of ciprofloxacin are not interchangeable. Proquin XR should be administered orally once daily for 3 days with a main meal of the day, preferably the evening meal. Proquin XR should be administered at least 4 hours before or 2 hours after antacids containing magnesium or aluminum, sucralfate, VIDEX (didanosine) chewable/buffered tablets or pediatric powder, metal cations such as iron, and multivitamin preparations containing zinc.

Proquin XR tablets should be taken whole and never split, crushed, or chewed.


What interacts with Proquin?

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What are the warnings of Proquin?

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What are the precautions of Proquin?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of Proquin?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Proquin?

Proquin XR is contraindicated in persons with a history of hypersensitivity to ciprofloxacin or any member of the quinolone class of antimicrobial agents, or any of the product components.

Tendinopathy and Tendon Rupture:

THE SAFETY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF PROQUIN XR IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS AND ADOLESCENTS (LESS THAN 18 YEARS OF AGE), PREGNANT WOMEN, AND LACTATING WOMEN HAVE NOT BEEN ESTABLISHED.

Ciprofloxacin, as with other members of the quinolone class, causes arthropathy and/or chondroplasia in immature dogs. Related quinolone-class drugs also produce erosions of cartilage of weight-bearing joints and other signs of arthropathy in immature animals of various species. The relevance of these findings to the clinical use of ciprofloxacin is unknown. (See )

Central Nervous System:

Theophylline: SERIOUS AND FATAL REACTIONS HAVE BEEN REPORTED IN PATIENTS RECEIVING CONCURRENT ADMINISTRATION OF FLUOROQUINOLONES, INCLUDING CIPROFLOXACIN, AND THEOPHYLLINE.

Hypersensitivity Reactions:

The drug should be discontinued immediately at the first appearance of a skin rash, jaundice, or any other sign of hypersensitivity and supportive measures instituted (See  and ).

Clostridium difficile

C. difficile

C. difficile

C. difficile

If CDAD is suspected or confirmed, ongoing antibiotic use not directed against may need to be discontinued. Appropriate fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibiotic treatment of , and surgical evaluation should be instituted as clinically indicated.

Peripheral Neuropathy:


What might happen if I take too much Proquin?

In the event of an acute overdosage, the stomach should be emptied by inducing vomiting or by gastric lavage. The patient should be carefully observed and given supportive treatment. Adequate hydration must be maintained. Only a small amount of ciprofloxacin (
Serious adverse effects were not observed in rats receiving single oral doses of ciprofloxacin as high as 2,000 mg/kg.


How should I store and handle Proquin?

GEODON for Injection should be stored at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15–30°C (59–86°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature] in dry form. Protect from light. Following reconstitution, GEODON for Injection can be stored, when protected from light, for up to 24 hours at 15°–30°C (59°–86°F) or up to 7 days refrigerated, 2°–8°C (36°–46°F).Proquin XR is available as blue film-coated tablets containing 500 mg ciprofloxacin. The tablet is debossed with "500"on one side and "DMI" on the other side.Store Proquin XR at 25°C (77°F); excursion permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature] Proquin XR is available as blue film-coated tablets containing 500 mg ciprofloxacin. The tablet is debossed with "500"on one side and "DMI" on the other side.Store Proquin XR at 25°C (77°F); excursion permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

When Proquin XR is administered with food, approximately 87% of ciprofloxacin is gradually released from the tablet over a 6-hour period. When administered following a meal maximum plasma ciprofloxacin concentrations are attained approximately 4.5-7 hours after dosing with Proquin XR tablets. Proquin XR should be administered with a main meal of the day, preferably the evening meal; if Proquin XR is given while fasting, the bioavailability will be lowered substantially. Administration of Proquin XR with a standardized meal (1000 calories, 50% fat) increased the C and AUC by approximately 120% and 170%, respectively, compared to administration under fasting conditions; the mean T was prolonged from 2.3 hours to 4.5 hours. The following table presents the pharmacokinetic parameters obtained at steady state for Proquin XR 500 mg qd versus CIPRO 250 mg bid.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
Proquin XR is contraindicated in persons with a history of hypersensitivity to ciprofloxacin or any member of the quinolone class of antimicrobial agents, or any of the product components.

Tendinopathy and Tendon Rupture:

THE SAFETY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF PROQUIN XR IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS AND ADOLESCENTS (LESS THAN 18 YEARS OF AGE), PREGNANT WOMEN, AND LACTATING WOMEN HAVE NOT BEEN ESTABLISHED.

Ciprofloxacin, as with other members of the quinolone class, causes arthropathy and/or chondroplasia in immature dogs. Related quinolone-class drugs also produce erosions of cartilage of weight-bearing joints and other signs of arthropathy in immature animals of various species. The relevance of these findings to the clinical use of ciprofloxacin is unknown. (See )

Central Nervous System:

Theophylline: SERIOUS AND FATAL REACTIONS HAVE BEEN REPORTED IN PATIENTS RECEIVING CONCURRENT ADMINISTRATION OF FLUOROQUINOLONES, INCLUDING CIPROFLOXACIN, AND THEOPHYLLINE.

Hypersensitivity Reactions:

The drug should be discontinued immediately at the first appearance of a skin rash, jaundice, or any other sign of hypersensitivity and supportive measures instituted (See  and ).

Clostridium difficile

C. difficile

C. difficile

C. difficile

If CDAD is suspected or confirmed, ongoing antibiotic use not directed against may need to be discontinued. Appropriate fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibiotic treatment of , and surgical evaluation should be instituted as clinically indicated.

Peripheral Neuropathy:

Caffeine:

Cyclosporine:

Glyburide:

Histamine H-receptor antagonists:

Methotrexate:









Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (but not aspirin):







Phenytoin:

Probenecid:





Warfarin:

Crystals of ciprofloxacin have been observed rarely in the urine of human subjects but more frequently in the urine of laboratory animals, which is usually alkaline. (See ). Crystalluria related to ciprofloxacin has been reported only rarely in humans because human urine is usually acidic. Alkalinity of the urine should be avoided in patients receiving ciprofloxacin. Patients should be well hydrated to prevent the formation of highly concentrated urine.

Quinolones, including ciprofloxacin, may also cause CNS events, including nervousness, agitation, insomnia, anxiety, nightmares, or paranoia. (See )

Moderate to severe photosensitivity/ phototoxicity reactions, the latter of which may manifest as exaggerated sunburn reactions (e.g., burning, erythema, exudation, vesicles, blistering, edema) involving areas exposed to light (typically the face, "V" area of the neck, extensor surfaces of the forearms, dorsa of the hands), can be associated with the use of quinolone antibiotics after sun or UV light exposure. Therefore, excessive exposure to these sources of light should be avoided. Drug therapy should be discontinued if phototoxicity occurs (See  and ).

Prescribing Proquin XR in the absence of a strongly suspected bacterial infection is unlikely to benefit the patient and increases the risk of the development of drug-resistant bacteria.

Two clinical trials enrolled 1,095 patients, of whom 547 patients received Proquin XR 500 mg once daily and 538 patients received CIPRO 250 mg twice daily for 3 days. The patients were followed for approximately 5 weeks after the end of study drug dosing. Most adverse events reported were described as mild to moderate in severity and required no treatment. Proquin XR was discontinued due to adverse reactions thought to be drug-related in 0.5% of patients.

The incidence of all adverse events (regardless of relationship to study drug) reported for at least 2% of patients treated with Proquin XR during the entire 5-week study period was as follows: fungal infection (2.6%), nasopharyngitis (2.6%), headache (2.4%), and micturition urgency (2.0%).

The incidence of adverse events (regardless of relationship to study drug) reported for at least 1% of patients treated with Proquin XR during study drug treatment and up to 3 days after study drug was headache (1.5%).

The incidence of adverse events, judged by investigators to be at least possibly drug-related, occurring any time during the study in at least 1% of Proquin XR-treated patients was fungal infection (1.6%).

Additional uncommon events, judged by the investigator to be at least possibly drug-related, occurring at any time during the study in less than 1% of Proquin XR-treated patients were:

Cardiac Disorders:

Immune System Disorders:

Gastrointestinal Disorders:

General Disorders:

Infections and Infestations:

Investigations:

Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders:

Nervous System Disorders:

Renal and Urinary Disorders:

Reproductive System and Breast Disorders:

Respiratory, Thoracic, and Mediastinal Disorders:

Skin/Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders:

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

A total of 440 drugs (1549 brand and generic names) are known to interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib). 228 major drug interactions (854 brand and generic names) 210 moderate drug interactions (691 brand and generic names) 2 minor drug interactions (4 brand and generic names) Show all medications in the database that may interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib).