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Psorcon

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Overview

What is Psorcon?

psorcon®

Chemically, diflorasone diacetate is 6α,9α-difluoro-11β,17,21-trihydroxy-16-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione 17,21 diacetate, with the empirical formula CHFO, a molecular weight of 494.5, and the following structural formula:

Each gram of Cream contains 0.5 mg diflorasone diacetate in a cream base consisting of purified water USP, propylene glycol USP, mineral oil (and) lanolin alcohol, glyceryl stearate SE (nonionic), isopropyl myristate NF, polysorbate 60 NF, sorbitan monostearate NF, polyoxyl 40 stearate NF, cetyl alcohol NF, monobasic sodium phosphate USP, vegetable oil, monoglyceride citrate, BHT and citric acid.



What does Psorcon look like?



What are the available doses of Psorcon?

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What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Psorcon?

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How should I use Psorcon?

psorcon

psorcon


What interacts with Psorcon?

psorcon



What are the warnings of Psorcon?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Psorcon?

General

Systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids can produce reversible hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression with the potential for glucocorticosteroid insufficiency after withdrawal of treatment. Manifestations of Cushing's syndrome, hyperglycemia, and glucosuria can also be produced in some patients by systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids while on treatment.

Patients receiving a large dose of a higher potency topical steroid applied to a large surface area or under an occlusive dressing should be evaluated periodically for evidence of HPA axis suppression. This may be done by using the ACTH-stimulation, A.M. plasma cortisol, and urinary free-cortisol tests.

This product has a greater ability to produce adrenal suppression than does Psorcon (diflorasone diacetate) Ointment, 0.05%. At 30 g per day (applied as 15 g twice daily) Cream, 0.05% was shown to cause inhibition of the HPA axis in one of two patients following application for one week to psoriatic skin. At 15 g per day (applied as 7.5 g twice daily) Cream was shown to cause mild inhibition of the HPA axis in one of five patients following application for one week to diseased skin (psoriasis or atopic dermatitis). These effects were reversible upon discontinuation of treatment. By comparison, (diflorasone diacetate) Ointment, 0.05% did not produce significant HPA axis suppression when used in divided doses at 30 g per day for one week in patients with psoriasis or atopic dermatitis.

If HPA axis suppression is noted, an attempt should be made to withdraw the drug, to reduce the frequency of application, or to substitute a less potent corticosteroid. Recovery of HPA axis function is generally prompt and complete upon discontinuation of topical corticosteroids. Infrequently, signs and symptoms of glucocorticosteroid insufficiency may occur, requiring supplemental systemic corticosteroids. For information on systemic supplementation, see prescribing information for those products.

Pediatric patients may be more susceptible to systemic toxicity from equivalent doses due to their larger skin surface to body mass ratios (see ).

If irritation develops, (diflorasone diacetate cream) should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted. Allergic contact dermatitis with corticosteroids is usually diagnosed by observing failure to heal rather than noting a clinical exacerbation as with most topical products not containing corticosteroids. Such an observation should be corroborated with appropriate diagnostic patch testing.

If concomitant skin infections are present or develop, an appropriate antifungal or antibacterial agent should be used. If a favorable response does not occur promptly, use of (diflorasone diacetate cream) should be discontinued until the infection has been adequately controlled.

psorcon

Information for Patients









          Patients using topical corticosteroids should receive the following information and instructions:

          Laboratory Tests

          The following tests may be helpful in evaluating patients for HPA axis suppression: ACTH-stimulation test; A.M. plasma-cortisol test; Urinary free-cortisol test.

          Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis and Impairment of Fertility

          Long-term animal studies have not been performed to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of diflorasone diacetate.

          Diflorasone diacetate was not found to be mutagenic in a micronucleus test in rats at dosages of 2400 mg/kg.

          Studies in the rat following topical administration at doses up to 0.5 mg/kg revealed no effects on fertility.

          Pregnancy

          Pregnancy Category C. Corticosteroids have been shown to be teratogenic in laboratory animals when administered systemically at relatively low dosage levels. Some corticosteroids have been shown to be teratogenic after dermal application to laboratory animals.

          Diflorasone diacetate has been shown to be teratogenic (cleft palate) in rats when applied topically at a dose of approximately 0.001 mg/kg/day to the shaven thorax of pregnant animals. This is approximately 0.3 times the human topical dose of (diflorasone diacetate cream). When pregnant rats were treated topically with approximately 0.5 mg/kg/day, uterine deaths were higher in the treated animals than in control animals.

          In rabbits, cleft palate was seen when diflorasone diacetate was applied in topical doses as low as 20 mg/kg/day. In addition, fetal weight was depressed and litter sizes were smaller.

          There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of the teratogenic potential of diflorasone diacetate in pregnant women. Cream should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.

          Nursing Mothers

          Systemically administered corticosteroids appear in human milk and could suppress growth, interfere with endogenous corticosteroid production, or cause other untoward effects. It is not known whether topical administration of corticosteroids could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable quantities in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when (diflorasone diacetate cream) is administered to a nursing woman.

          Pediatric Use

          Safety and effectiveness of (diflorasone diacetate cream) in pediatric patients have not been established. Because of a higher ratio of skin surface area to body mass, pediatric patients are at a greater risk than adults of HPA-axis suppression when they are treated with topical corticosteroids. They are, therefore, also at greater risk of glucocorticosteroid insufficiency after withdrawal of treatment and of Cushing's syndrome while on treatment. Adverse effects including striae have been reported with inappropriate use of topical corticosteroids in pediatric patients.

          HPA axis suppression, Cushing's syndrome, and intracranial hypertension have been reported in pediatric patients receiving topical corticosteroids. Manifestations of adrenal suppression in pediatric patients include linear growth retardation, delayed weight gain, low plasma cortisol levels, and absence of response to ACTH stimulation. Manifestations of intracranial hypertension include bulging fontanelles, headaches, and bilateral papilledema.


          What are the side effects of Psorcon?

          The following local adverse reactions have been reported infrequently with other topical corticosteroids, and they may occur more frequently with the use of occlusive dressings, especially with higher potency corticosteroids. These reactions are listed in an approximate decreasing order of occurrence: burning, itching, irritation, dryness, folliculitis, acneiform eruptions, hypopigmentation, perioral dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, secondary infections, skin atrophy, striae, and miliaria.


          What should I look out for while using Psorcon?

          psorcon


          What might happen if I take too much Psorcon?

          Topically applied (diflorasone diacetate cream) can be absorbed in sufficient amounts to produce systemic effects (see ).


          How should I store and handle Psorcon?

          Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].psorcon60 gram NDC 0066-0069-60Store at or below 25° C (77° F).psorcon60 gram NDC 0066-0069-60Store at or below 25° C (77° F).psorcon60 gram NDC 0066-0069-60Store at or below 25° C (77° F).


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          Clinical Information

          Chemical Structure

          No Image found
          Clinical Pharmacology

          Like other topical corticosteroids, diflorasone diacetate has anti-inflammatory, anti-pruritic, and vasoconstrictive actions. The mechanism of the anti-inflammatory activity of the topical corticosteroids, in general, is unclear. However, corticosteroids are thought to act by the induction of phospholipase A inhibitory proteins collectively called lipocortins. It is postulated that these proteins control the biosynthesis of potent mediators of inflammation such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes by inhibiting the release of their common precursor, arachidonic acid. Arachidonic acid is released from membrane phospholipids by phospholipase A.

          Non-Clinical Toxicology
          psorcon

          Systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids can produce reversible hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression with the potential for glucocorticosteroid insufficiency after withdrawal of treatment. Manifestations of Cushing's syndrome, hyperglycemia, and glucosuria can also be produced in some patients by systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids while on treatment.

          Patients receiving a large dose of a higher potency topical steroid applied to a large surface area or under an occlusive dressing should be evaluated periodically for evidence of HPA axis suppression. This may be done by using the ACTH-stimulation, A.M. plasma cortisol, and urinary free-cortisol tests.

          This product has a greater ability to produce adrenal suppression than does Psorcon (diflorasone diacetate) Ointment, 0.05%. At 30 g per day (applied as 15 g twice daily) Cream, 0.05% was shown to cause inhibition of the HPA axis in one of two patients following application for one week to psoriatic skin. At 15 g per day (applied as 7.5 g twice daily) Cream was shown to cause mild inhibition of the HPA axis in one of five patients following application for one week to diseased skin (psoriasis or atopic dermatitis). These effects were reversible upon discontinuation of treatment. By comparison, (diflorasone diacetate) Ointment, 0.05% did not produce significant HPA axis suppression when used in divided doses at 30 g per day for one week in patients with psoriasis or atopic dermatitis.

          If HPA axis suppression is noted, an attempt should be made to withdraw the drug, to reduce the frequency of application, or to substitute a less potent corticosteroid. Recovery of HPA axis function is generally prompt and complete upon discontinuation of topical corticosteroids. Infrequently, signs and symptoms of glucocorticosteroid insufficiency may occur, requiring supplemental systemic corticosteroids. For information on systemic supplementation, see prescribing information for those products.

          Pediatric patients may be more susceptible to systemic toxicity from equivalent doses due to their larger skin surface to body mass ratios (see ).

          If irritation develops, (diflorasone diacetate cream) should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted. Allergic contact dermatitis with corticosteroids is usually diagnosed by observing failure to heal rather than noting a clinical exacerbation as with most topical products not containing corticosteroids. Such an observation should be corroborated with appropriate diagnostic patch testing.

          If concomitant skin infections are present or develop, an appropriate antifungal or antibacterial agent should be used. If a favorable response does not occur promptly, use of (diflorasone diacetate cream) should be discontinued until the infection has been adequately controlled.

          psorcon

          The following local adverse reactions have been reported infrequently with other topical corticosteroids, and they may occur more frequently with the use of occlusive dressings, especially with higher potency corticosteroids. These reactions are listed in an approximate decreasing order of occurrence: burning, itching, irritation, dryness, folliculitis, acneiform eruptions, hypopigmentation, perioral dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, secondary infections, skin atrophy, striae, and miliaria.

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          Reference

          This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
          "https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

          While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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          Review

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          Professional

          Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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          Tips

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          Interactions

          Interactions

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