Disclaimer:

Medidex is not a provider of medical services and all information is provided for the convenience of the user. No medical decisions should be made based on the information provided on this website without first consulting a licensed healthcare provider.This website is intended for persons 18 years or older. No person under 18 should consult this website without the permission of a parent or guardian.

Sorbitol-Mannitol

&times

Overview

What is Sorbitol-Mannitol?

Sorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation is a sterile, nonpyrogenic, hypotonic, aqueous solution for urologic nonelectrolyte irrigation during transurethral surgical procedures. Each 100 mL contains sorbitol 2.70 g and mannitol 0.54 g in water for injection. The solution is nonelectrolytic and hypotonic (178 mOsmol/liter calc.); pH 5.2 (4.0 to 7.0).

The solution contains no bacteriostat, antimicrobial agent or added buffer and is intended only for use as a single-dose irrigation. When smaller volumes are required the unused portion should be discarded.

Sorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation is a nonelectrolyte urologic irrigant.

Sorbitol, NF is chemically designated D-glucitol (CHO), white powder, granules or flakes very soluble in water. It has the following structural formula:

 

Mannitol, USP is chemically designated D-mannitol (CHO), white crystalline powder or free-flowing granules, freely soluble in water. It has the following structural formula:

 

Water for Injection, USP is chemically designated H0.

The flexible plastic container is fabricated from a specially formulated polyvinylchloride. Water can permeate from inside the container into the overwrap but not in amounts sufficient to affect the solution significantly.

The semi-rigid container is fabricated from a specially formulated polyolefin. It is a copolymer of ethylene and propylene. The container requires no vapor barrier to maintain the proper drug concentration.

Solutions in contact with the plastic container may leach out certain chemical components from the plastic in very small amounts; however, biological testing was supportive of the safety of the plastic container materials.

Exposure to temperatures above 25°C/77°F during transport and storage will lead to minor losses in moisture content. Higher temperatures lead to greater losses. It is unlikely that these minor losses will lead to clinically significant changes within the expiration period.



What does Sorbitol-Mannitol look like?



What are the available doses of Sorbitol-Mannitol?

Sorry No records found.

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Sorbitol-Mannitol?

Sorry No records found

How should I use Sorbitol-Mannitol?

Sorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation is indicated for use as a urologic irrigating fluid during transurethral prostatic resection and other transurethral surgical procedures.

Sorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation should be administered only by transurethral instillation with appropriate urologic instrumentation. A disposable administration set should be used. The total volume of solution used for irrigation is solely at the discretion of the surgeon.

Height of container(s) above the operating table in excess of 60 cm (approx. 2 ft) has been reported to increase intravascular absorption of the irrigating fluid.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration, whenever container and solution permit. (See .)


What interacts with Sorbitol-Mannitol?

NOT FOR INJECTION BY USUAL PARENTERAL ROUTES.


Do not use in patients with anuria.



What are the warnings of Sorbitol-Mannitol?

Array

FOR UROLOGIC IRRIGATION ONLY.

Solutions for urologic irrigation must be used with caution in patients with severe cardiopulmonary or renal dysfunction.

Irrigating fluids used during transurethral prostatectomy have been demonstrated to enter the systemic circulation in relatively large volumes; thus, sorbitol-mannitol irrigant must be regarded as a systemic drug. Absorption of large amounts of fluids containing sorbitol-mannitol and the osmotic diuresis it produces may significantly alter cardiopulmonary and renal dynamics.

Hyperglycemia from metabolism of sorbitol may occur in patients with diabetes mellitus.

Hyperlactatemia from metabolism of sorbitol may potentially produce a significant lactic acidemia in metabolically compromised patients.

The contents of an opened container should be used promptly to minimize the possibility of bacterial growth or pyrogen formation.

Discard the unused portion of irrigation solution since it contains no preservatives. Do not heat over 66°C (150°F).


What are the precautions of Sorbitol-Mannitol?

Cardiovascular status, especially of the patient with cardiac disease, should be carefully observed before and during transurethral resection of the prostate when using Sorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation, because the quantity of fluid absorbed into the systemic circulation by opened prostatic veins may produce significant expansion of the extracellular fluid and lead to fulminating congestive heart failure.

Shift of sodium-free intracellular fluid into the extracellular compartment following systemic absorption of solution may lower serum sodium concentration and aggravate pre-existing hyponatremia.

Excessive loss of water and electrolytes may lead to serious imbalances. With continuous irrigation, loss of water may occur in excess of electrolytes, producing hypernatremia.

Sustained diuresis that results from transurethral irrigation with Sorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation may obscure and intensify inadequate hydration or hypovolemia.

Aseptic technique is essential for the use of sterile solutions for irrigation. The administration set should be attached promptly. Unused portions should be discarded and a fresh container of appropriate size used for the start-up of each cycle or repeat procedure.

Do not administer unless solution is clear, seal is intact and container is undamaged. Discard unused portion.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility:

Nursing Mothers:

Pregnancy Category C.

Pediatric Use:


What are the side effects of Sorbitol-Mannitol?

Adverse reactions may result from intravascular absorption of sorbitol and mannitol. The literature reports occasional adverse reactions from intravenous sorbitol-mannitol infusions. Consequences of absorption of urologic irrigating solutions include fluid and electrolyte disturbances such as acidosis, electrolyte loss, marked diuresis, urinary retention, edema, dryness of mouth, thirst and dehydration; cardiovascular disorders such as hypotension, tachycardia, angina-like pains; pulmonary disorders such as pulmonary congestion; and other general reactions such as blurred vision, convulsions, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, rhinitis, chills, vertigo, backache and urticaria. Allergic reactions from sorbitol-mannitol have also been reported.

Should any adverse reaction occur, discontinue the irrigant, evaluate the patient, institute appropriate therapeutic countermeasures and save the remainder of the fluid for examination if deemed necessary.


What should I look out for while using Sorbitol-Mannitol?

NOT FOR INJECTION BY USUAL PARENTERAL ROUTES.

Do not use in patients with anuria.

FOR UROLOGIC IRRIGATION ONLY.

Solutions for urologic irrigation must be used with caution in patients with severe cardiopulmonary or renal dysfunction.

Irrigating fluids used during transurethral prostatectomy have been demonstrated to enter the systemic circulation in relatively large volumes; thus, sorbitol-mannitol irrigant must be regarded as a systemic drug. Absorption of large amounts of fluids containing sorbitol-mannitol and the osmotic diuresis it produces may significantly alter cardiopulmonary and renal dynamics.

Hyperglycemia from metabolism of sorbitol may occur in patients with diabetes mellitus.

Hyperlactatemia from metabolism of sorbitol may potentially produce a significant lactic acidemia in metabolically compromised patients.

The contents of an opened container should be used promptly to minimize the possibility of bacterial growth or pyrogen formation.

Discard the unused portion of irrigation solution since it contains no preservatives. Do not heat over 66°C (150°F).


What might happen if I take too much Sorbitol-Mannitol?

In the event of dehydration, fluid or solute overload, discontinue the irrigation, evaluate the patient and institute corrective measures as indicated. (See ,  and .)


How should I store and handle Sorbitol-Mannitol?

Store VIREAD tablets and oral powder at 25 °C (77 °F), excursions permitted to 15–30 °C (59–86 °F) Keep the bottle tightly closed. Dispense only in original container. Do not use if seal over bottle opening is broken or missing.Store VIREAD tablets and oral powder at 25 °C (77 °F), excursions permitted to 15–30 °C (59–86 °F) Keep the bottle tightly closed. Dispense only in original container. Do not use if seal over bottle opening is broken or missing.Sorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation is supplied in single-dose 3000 mL flexible irrigation container (NDC No. 0409-7981-08).Store at 20 to 25ºC (68 to 77ºF). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from freezing. Revised: May, 2009    Printed in USA                                                         EN-2127                                                                           Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USASorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation is supplied in single-dose 3000 mL flexible irrigation container (NDC No. 0409-7981-08).Store at 20 to 25ºC (68 to 77ºF). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from freezing. Revised: May, 2009    Printed in USA                                                         EN-2127                                                                           Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USASorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation is supplied in single-dose 3000 mL flexible irrigation container (NDC No. 0409-7981-08).Store at 20 to 25ºC (68 to 77ºF). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from freezing. Revised: May, 2009    Printed in USA                                                         EN-2127                                                                           Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USASorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation is supplied in single-dose 3000 mL flexible irrigation container (NDC No. 0409-7981-08).Store at 20 to 25ºC (68 to 77ºF). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from freezing. Revised: May, 2009    Printed in USA                                                         EN-2127                                                                           Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USASorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation is supplied in single-dose 3000 mL flexible irrigation container (NDC No. 0409-7981-08).Store at 20 to 25ºC (68 to 77ºF). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from freezing. Revised: May, 2009    Printed in USA                                                         EN-2127                                                                           Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USASorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation is supplied in single-dose 3000 mL flexible irrigation container (NDC No. 0409-7981-08).Store at 20 to 25ºC (68 to 77ºF). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from freezing. Revised: May, 2009    Printed in USA                                                         EN-2127                                                                           Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USASorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation is supplied in single-dose 3000 mL flexible irrigation container (NDC No. 0409-7981-08).Store at 20 to 25ºC (68 to 77ºF). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from freezing. Revised: May, 2009    Printed in USA                                                         EN-2127                                                                           Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USASorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation is supplied in single-dose 3000 mL flexible irrigation container (NDC No. 0409-7981-08).Store at 20 to 25ºC (68 to 77ºF). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from freezing. Revised: May, 2009    Printed in USA                                                         EN-2127                                                                           Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USASorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation is supplied in single-dose 3000 mL flexible irrigation container (NDC No. 0409-7981-08).Store at 20 to 25ºC (68 to 77ºF). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from freezing. Revised: May, 2009    Printed in USA                                                         EN-2127                                                                           Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USASorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation is supplied in single-dose 3000 mL flexible irrigation container (NDC No. 0409-7981-08).Store at 20 to 25ºC (68 to 77ºF). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] Protect from freezing. Revised: May, 2009    Printed in USA                                                         EN-2127                                                                           Hospira, Inc., Lake Forest, IL 60045 USA


&times

Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

Sorbitol and mannitol are hexitols and are nonelectrolytes. A solution of these constituents in water is therefore nonconductive and suitable for urologic irrigation during electrosurgical procedures. A 3% (approx.) total concentration of sorbitol-mannitol contains sufficient solute to minimize the risk of intravascular hemolysis which can occur from absorption of plain water through open prostatic veins during transurethral resection (TUR). Any solution that is absorbed intravascularly during transurethral prostatic or bladder surgery, although variable in amount depending primarily on the extent of surgery, will be excreted by the kidney. When absorbed intravascularly, sorbitol and mannitol act as osmotic diuretics.

Intravascular absorption of sorbitol has been shown to produce elevations of serum lactate after TUR above preoperative values owing to sorbitol's favored metabolism to lactate from pyruvate. Increased lactate levels were not sufficient to produce evidence of metabolic acidosis. Mannitol is only slightly metabolized and rapidly excreted by the kidney.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
NOT FOR INJECTION BY USUAL PARENTERAL ROUTES.

Do not use in patients with anuria.

FOR UROLOGIC IRRIGATION ONLY.

Solutions for urologic irrigation must be used with caution in patients with severe cardiopulmonary or renal dysfunction.

Irrigating fluids used during transurethral prostatectomy have been demonstrated to enter the systemic circulation in relatively large volumes; thus, sorbitol-mannitol irrigant must be regarded as a systemic drug. Absorption of large amounts of fluids containing sorbitol-mannitol and the osmotic diuresis it produces may significantly alter cardiopulmonary and renal dynamics.

Hyperglycemia from metabolism of sorbitol may occur in patients with diabetes mellitus.

Hyperlactatemia from metabolism of sorbitol may potentially produce a significant lactic acidemia in metabolically compromised patients.

The contents of an opened container should be used promptly to minimize the possibility of bacterial growth or pyrogen formation.

Discard the unused portion of irrigation solution since it contains no preservatives. Do not heat over 66°C (150°F).

Renal toxicity has been reported in a few patients with liver dysfunction who were given oral cholecystographic agents followed by intravascular contrast agents. Administration of intravascular agents should therefore be postponed in any patient with a known or suspected hepatic or biliary disorder who has recently received a cholecystographic contrast agent.

Other drugs should not be admixed with iopamidol.

Cardiovascular status, especially of the patient with cardiac disease, should be carefully observed before and during transurethral resection of the prostate when using Sorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation, because the quantity of fluid absorbed into the systemic circulation by opened prostatic veins may produce significant expansion of the extracellular fluid and lead to fulminating congestive heart failure.

Shift of sodium-free intracellular fluid into the extracellular compartment following systemic absorption of solution may lower serum sodium concentration and aggravate pre-existing hyponatremia.

Excessive loss of water and electrolytes may lead to serious imbalances. With continuous irrigation, loss of water may occur in excess of electrolytes, producing hypernatremia.

Sustained diuresis that results from transurethral irrigation with Sorbitol-Mannitol Irrigation may obscure and intensify inadequate hydration or hypovolemia.

Aseptic technique is essential for the use of sterile solutions for irrigation. The administration set should be attached promptly. Unused portions should be discarded and a fresh container of appropriate size used for the start-up of each cycle or repeat procedure.

Do not administer unless solution is clear, seal is intact and container is undamaged. Discard unused portion.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility:

Nursing Mothers:

Pregnancy Category C.

Pediatric Use:

Adverse reactions may result from intravascular absorption of sorbitol and mannitol. The literature reports occasional adverse reactions from intravenous sorbitol-mannitol infusions. Consequences of absorption of urologic irrigating solutions include fluid and electrolyte disturbances such as acidosis, electrolyte loss, marked diuresis, urinary retention, edema, dryness of mouth, thirst and dehydration; cardiovascular disorders such as hypotension, tachycardia, angina-like pains; pulmonary disorders such as pulmonary congestion; and other general reactions such as blurred vision, convulsions, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, rhinitis, chills, vertigo, backache and urticaria. Allergic reactions from sorbitol-mannitol have also been reported.

Should any adverse reaction occur, discontinue the irrigant, evaluate the patient, institute appropriate therapeutic countermeasures and save the remainder of the fluid for examination if deemed necessary.

&times

Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

&times

Review

Rate this treatment and share your opinion


Helpful tips to write a good review:

  1. Only share your first hand experience as a consumer or a care giver.
  2. Describe your experience in the Comments area including the benefits, side effects and how it has worked for you. Do not provide personal information like email addresses or telephone numbers.
  3. Fill in the optional information to help other users benefit from your review.

Reason for Taking This Treatment

(required)

Click the stars to rate this treatment

This medication has worked for me.




This medication has been easy for me to use.




Overall, I have been satisfied with my experience.




Write a brief description of your experience with this treatment:

2000 characters remaining

Optional Information

Help others benefit from your review by filling in the information below.
I am a:
Gender:
&times

Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
&times

Tips

Tips

&times

Interactions

Interactions

A total of 440 drugs (1549 brand and generic names) are known to interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib). 228 major drug interactions (854 brand and generic names) 210 moderate drug interactions (691 brand and generic names) 2 minor drug interactions (4 brand and generic names) Show all medications in the database that may interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib).