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testosterone

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Overview

What is Striant?

Striant (testosterone buccal system) is designed to adhere to the gum or inner cheek. It provides a controlled and sustained release of testosterone through the buccal mucosa as the buccal system gradually hydrates. Insertion of Striant twice a day, in the morning and in the evening, provides continuous systemic delivery of testosterone.

Striant is a white to off-white colored, monoconvex, tablet-like, mucoadhesive buccal system. Striant adheres to the gum tissue above the incisors, with the flat surface facing the cheek mucosa.

The active ingredient in Striant is testosterone. Each buccal system contains 30 mg of testosterone. Testosterone USP is practically white crystalline powder chemically described as 17-beta hydroxyandrost-4-en-3one.

Chemical Structure:

Other pharmacologically inactive ingredients in Striant are anhydrous lactose NF, carbomer 934P, hypromellose USP, magnesium stearate NF, lactose monohydrate NF, polycarbophil USP, colloidal silicon dioxide NF, starch NF and talc USP.



What does Striant look like?



What are the available doses of Striant?

Sorry No records found.

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Striant?

Sorry No records found

How should I use Striant?

Striant is indicated for replacement therapy in males for conditions associated with a deficiency or absence of endogenous testosterone:

Primary hypogonadism (congenital or acquired) - testicular failure due to cryptorchidism, bilateral torsion, orchitis, vanishing testis syndrome, orchidectomy, Klinefelter's syndrome, chemotherapy, or toxic damage from alcohol or heavy metals. These men usually have low serum testosterone levels and gonadotropins (FSH, LH) above the normal range.

Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (congenital or acquired) -- idiopathic gonadotropin or LHRH deficiency, or pituitary hypothalamic injury from tumors, trauma, or radiation. These patients have low serum testosterone levels but have gonadotropins in the normal or low range.

The recommended dosing schedule for Striant is the application of one buccal system (30 mg) to the gum region twice daily; morning and evening (about 12 hours apart). Striant should be placed in a comfortable position just above the incisor tooth (on either side of the mouth). With each application, Striant should be rotated to alternate sides of the mouth.

Upon opening the packet, the rounded side surface of the buccal system should be placed against the gum and held firmly in place with a finger over the lip and against the product for 30 seconds to ensure adhesion. Striant is designed to stay in position until removed. If the buccal system fails to properly adhere to the gum or should fall off during the 12-hour dosing interval, the old buccal system should be removed and a new one applied. If the buccal system falls out of position within 4 hours prior to the next dose, a new buccal system should be applied and it may remain in place until the time of next regularly scheduled dosing.

Patients should take care to avoid dislodging the buccal system. Patients should check to see if Striant is in place following toothbrushing, use of mouthwash and consumption of food or alcoholic/non-alcoholic beverages. Striantshould not be chewed or swallowed. To remove Striant, gently slide it downwards from the gum towards the tooth to avoid scratching the gum.


What interacts with Striant?

Androgens are contraindicated in men with carcinoma of the breast or known or suspected carcinoma of the prostate.


Striant is not indicated for use in women, and must not be used in women. Testosterone supplements may cause fetal harm.


Striant should not be used in patients with known hypersensitivity to any of its ingredients, including testosterone USP that is chemically synthesized from soy.



What are the warnings of Striant?

  • Prolonged use of high doses of orally active 17-alpha-alkyl androgens (e.g., methyltestosterone) have been associated with serious hepatic adverse effects (peliosis hepatis, hepatic neoplasms, cholestatic hepatitis, and jaundice). Peliosis hepatis can be a life-threatening or fatal complication. Long-term therapy with testosterone enanthate, which elevates blood levels for prolonged periods, has produced multiple hepatic adenomas. Testosterone is not known to produce these adverse effects.
  • Geriatric patients treated with androgens may be at an increased risk for the development of prostatic hyperplasia and prostatic carcinoma.
  • Geriatric patients and other patients with clinical or demographic characteristics that are recognized to be associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer should be evaluated for the presence of prostate cancer prior to initiation of testosterone replacement therapy. In men receiving testosterone replacement therapy, surveillance for prostate cancer should be consistent with current practices for eugonadal men (see and ).
  • Edema with or without congestive heart failure may be a serious complication in patients with preexisting cardiac, renal, or hepatic disease. In addition to discontinuation of the drug, diuretic therapy may be required.
  • Gynecomastia frequently develops and occasionally persists in patients being treated for hypogonadism.
  • The treatment of hypogonadal men with testosterone esters may potentiate sleep apnea in some patients especially those with risk factors such as obesity or chronic lung diseases.



What are the precautions of Striant?

Striant is applied to the upper gum just above the incisor tooth on either side of the mouth. Long-term data on gum safety is available for 117 patients and 51 patients with at least 6 months and 1 year of exposure, respectively. While the available data supports the overall oral safety of Striant, longer-term data is not currently available and studies continue. Until such longer-term data become available, it is recommended that patients regularly inspect their own gum region where Striant is applied. Any abnormal finding should be brought promptly to the attention of the patient's physician. In such circumstances, dental consultation may be appropriate.

General







        The physician should instruct patients to report any of the following:

        Information for Patients

        Advise patients to carefully read the attached patient leaflet accompanying each carton of Striant blister packaged tablets.

        Advise patients to regularly inspect the gum region where they apply Striant and to report any abnormality to their health care professional.

        Laboratory Tests







              Drug interactions

              Concurrent administration of oxyphenbutazone and androgens may result in elevated serum levels of oxyphenbutazone.

              In diabetic patients, the metabolic effects of androgens may decrease blood glucose and therefore, insulin requirements.

              Concurrent administration of testosterone with ACTH or corticosteroids may enhance edema formation and should be administered cautiously, particularly in patients with cardiac or hepatic disease.

              Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions

              Androgens may decrease levels of thyroxin-binding globulin, resulting in decreased total T4 serum levels and increased resin uptake of T3 and T4. Free thyroid hormone levels remain unchanged, however, and there is no clinical evidence of thyroid dysfunction.

              Carcinogenesis, mutagenesis, impairment of fertility

              Testosterone has been tested by subcutaneous injection and implantation in mice and rats. In mice, the implant induced cervical-uterine tumors, which metastasized in some cases. There is suggestive evidence that injection of testosterone into some strains of female mice increases their susceptibility to hepatoma. Testosterone is also known to increase the number of tumors and decrease the degree of differentiation of chemically induced carcinomas of the liver in rats.

              There were rare reports of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients receiving long-term therapy with androgens in high doses. Withdrawal of the drugs did not lead to regression of the tumors in all cases.

              Striant has been evaluated in patients for 1 year without reports of cancer related to the product. However, safety in patients beyond 1 year has not been established.

              Geriatric patients treated with androgens may be at an increased risk for the development of prostatic hyperplasia and prostatic carcinoma.

              Geriatric patients and other patients with clinical or demographic characteristics that are recognized to be associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer should be evaluated for the presence of prostate cancer prior to initiation of testosterone replacement therapy.

              In men receiving testosterone replacement therapy, surveillance for prostate cancer should be consistent with current practices for eugonadal men.

              Pregnancy Category X

              (see )

              Striant is not indicated for women and must not be used in women.

              Labor and Delivery

              Striant is not indicated for women and must not be used in women.

              Nursing Mothers

              Striantis not indicated for women and must not be used in women.

              Pediatric Use

              Safety and effectiveness in pediatric male patients below the age of 18 have not yet been established

              Geriatric Use

              Of the total number of subjects in clinical studies of Striant, 51 patients (16.5 percent) were 65 and over. No overall differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these subjects and younger subjects. However, in Study 1, in patients 65 years of age and older, the total testosterone C value was higher by 12.7% compared to patients less than 65 years of age. In addition, the total T to DHT area-under-the curve ratio was lower in the older population compared to the younger population by 15.6%. These differences may not be clinically significant.


              What are the side effects of Striant?

              In all clinical studies combined, a total of 308 patients were treated with Striant for up to 12 months

              Twelve Week Trials

              In the pivotal, Phase 3, open-label controlled study (Study 1), 98 patients received Striant for up to 12 weeks. Adverse events judged possibly, probably, or definitely related to the use of Striant and reported by >/= 1% of patients in Study 1 are listed in Table 2.

              Please see "" subsection for further information. The majority of gum-related adverse events were transient. Gum irritation generally resolved in 1 to 8 days. Gum tenderness resolved in 1 to 14 days.

              The following adverse events judged possibly, probably or definitely related to the use of Striant occurred in 1 patient each in Study 1: abdominal cramp, acne, anxiety, asthma (acute), breast enlargement, breast pain, buccal mucosal roughening, difficulty in micturition, fatigue, gingivitis, gum blister, gustatory sense diminished, hematocrit increased, lipids serum increased, liver function tests abnormal, nose edema, stinging of lips, and toothache.

              There was one additional 12-week study in 12 patients. In this study, additional adverse events judged at least possibly related to Striant and reported by 1 patient each included emotional lability and hypertension.

              Table 2. Incidences of Adverse Events Possibly, Probably or Definitely Related Use of Striant in Study 1
              Adverse eventStriant (n=98)
              Gum or Mouth Irritation9.2%
              Taste Bitter4.1%
              Gum Pain3.1%
              Gum Tenderness3.1%
              Headache3.1%
              Gum Edema2.0%
              Taste Perversion2.0%





              What should I look out for while using Striant?

              Androgens are contraindicated in men with carcinoma of the breast or known or suspected carcinoma of the prostate.

              Striant is not indicated for use in women, and must not be used in women. Testosterone supplements may cause fetal harm.

              Striant should not be used in patients with known hypersensitivity to any of its ingredients, including testosterone USP that is chemically synthesized from soy.


              What might happen if I take too much Striant?

              There is one report of acute overdosage with testosterone enanthate injection: testosterone levels of up to 11,400 ng/dL were implicated in a cerebrovascular accident.

              Oral ingestion of Striant is not expected to result in clinically significant serum testosterone concentrations due to extensive first-pass (hepatic) metabolism.


              How should I store and handle Striant?

              Store at controlled room temperature 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [see USP] .Striant (testosterone buccal system) is for buccal administration only. It contains testosterone, a Schedule III controlled substance as defined by the Anabolic Steroids Control Act. Striant is supplied in transparent blister packs containing 10 doses. It is white to off- white colored with a flat edge on one side and a convex surface on the other. Striant is debossed on its flat side, as shown below: Each Striant buccal system contains 30 mg of testosterone and is supplied as follows: Striant (testosterone buccal system) is for buccal administration only. It contains testosterone, a Schedule III controlled substance as defined by the Anabolic Steroids Control Act. Striant is supplied in transparent blister packs containing 10 doses. It is white to off- white colored with a flat edge on one side and a convex surface on the other. Striant is debossed on its flat side, as shown below: Each Striant buccal system contains 30 mg of testosterone and is supplied as follows: Striant (testosterone buccal system) is for buccal administration only. It contains testosterone, a Schedule III controlled substance as defined by the Anabolic Steroids Control Act. Striant is supplied in transparent blister packs containing 10 doses. It is white to off- white colored with a flat edge on one side and a convex surface on the other. Striant is debossed on its flat side, as shown below: Each Striant buccal system contains 30 mg of testosterone and is supplied as follows: Striant (testosterone buccal system) is for buccal administration only. It contains testosterone, a Schedule III controlled substance as defined by the Anabolic Steroids Control Act. Striant is supplied in transparent blister packs containing 10 doses. It is white to off- white colored with a flat edge on one side and a convex surface on the other. Striant is debossed on its flat side, as shown below: Each Striant buccal system contains 30 mg of testosterone and is supplied as follows:


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              Clinical Information

              Chemical Structure

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              Clinical Pharmacology

              Endogenous androgens, including testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) are responsible for the normal growth and development of the male sex organs and for maintenance of secondary sex characteristics. These effects include the growth and maturation of prostate, seminal vesicles, penis, and scrotum; the development of male hair distribution, such as facial, pubic, chest, and axillary hair; laryngeal enlargement, vocal chord thickening, and alterations in body musculature and fat distribution. Testosterone and DHT are necessary for the normal development of secondary sex characteristics.

              Male hypogonadism results from insufficient production of testosterone and is characterized by low serum testosterone concentrations. Symptoms associated with male hypogonadism include impotence and decreased sexual desire, fatigue and loss of energy, mood depression, regression of secondary sexual characteristics and osteoporosis. Hypogonadism is a risk factor for osteoporosis in men.

              Drugs in the androgen class also promote retention of nitrogen, sodium, potassium, phosphorus, and decreased urinary excretion of calcium. Androgens have been reported to increase protein anabolism and decrease protein catabolism. Nitrogen balance is improved only when there is sufficient intake of calories and protein.

              Androgens are responsible for the growth spurt of adolescence and for the eventual termination of linear growth brought about by fusion of the epiphyseal growth centers. In children, exogenous androgens accelerate linear growth rates but may cause a disproportionate advancement in bone maturation. Use by children and adolescents over long periods may result in fusion of the epiphyseal growth centers and termination of the growth process. Androgens have been reported to stimulate the production of red blood cells by enhancing the production of erythropoietin.

              During exogenous administration of androgens, endogenous testosterone release may be inhibited through feedback inhibition of pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH). At large doses of exogenous androgens, spermatogenesis may also be suppressed through feedback inhibition of pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH).

              Non-Clinical Toxicology
              Androgens are contraindicated in men with carcinoma of the breast or known or suspected carcinoma of the prostate.

              Striant is not indicated for use in women, and must not be used in women. Testosterone supplements may cause fetal harm.

              Striant should not be used in patients with known hypersensitivity to any of its ingredients, including testosterone USP that is chemically synthesized from soy.

              Striant is applied to the upper gum just above the incisor tooth on either side of the mouth. Long-term data on gum safety is available for 117 patients and 51 patients with at least 6 months and 1 year of exposure, respectively. While the available data supports the overall oral safety of Striant, longer-term data is not currently available and studies continue. Until such longer-term data become available, it is recommended that patients regularly inspect their own gum region where Striant is applied. Any abnormal finding should be brought promptly to the attention of the patient's physician. In such circumstances, dental consultation may be appropriate.

              In all clinical studies combined, a total of 308 patients were treated with Striant for up to 12 months

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              Reference

              This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
              "https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

              While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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              Professional

              Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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              Tips

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              Interactions

              Interactions

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