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Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur

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Overview

What is Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur?

Sulfacetamide Sodium is a sulfonamide with antibacterial activity while Sulfur acts as a keratolytic agent. Chemically Sulfacetamide Sodium is N-[(4-aminophenyl) sulfonyI]-acetamide, monosodium salt, monohydrate. The structural formula is:

Each gram of Sulfacetamide Sodium USP 10% and Sulfur USP 5% contains 100 mg of Sodium Sulfacetamide USP and 50 mg of Sulfur USP in a cream containing: Aloe Barbadensis (Aloe Vera) Leaf Extract, Butylated Hydroxytoluene, Camellia Oleifera (Green Tea) Leaf Extract, Cetyl Alcohol, Disodium Oleamido MEA Sulfosuccinate, Edetate Disodium, Fragrance, Glycerin, Glyceryl Monostearate, Magnesium Aluminum Silicate, Methylparaben, PEG-100 Stearate, Propylparaben, Purified Water, Sodium Cocoyl Isethionate, Sodium Methyl Cocoyl Taurate, Sodium Thiosulfate, Stearyl Alcohol, Xanthan Gum.



What does Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur look like?



What are the available doses of Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur?

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What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur?

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How should I use Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur?

Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur cleanser is indicated in the topical control of acne vulgaris, acne rosacea and seborrheic dermatitis.

Use once daily or as directed by your physician. Wet skin. Apply in a film to entire face, avoiding contact with eyes or mucous membranes. Wait 10 minutes or until dry. Rinse thoroughly with water and pat dry.


What interacts with Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur?

Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur cleanser is contraindicated for use by patients having known hypersensitivity to sulfonamides, Sulfur or any other component of this preparation. Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur cleanser is not to be used by patients with kidney disease.



What are the warnings of Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur?

Cases of tinnitus and reversible or irreversible hearing impairment and deafness have been reported. Reports usually indicate that furosemide ototoxicity is associated with rapid injection, severe renal impairment, the use of higher than recommended doses, hypoproteinemia or concomitant therapy with aminoglycoside antibiotics, ethacrynic acid, or other ototoxic drugs. If the physician elects to use high dose parenteral therapy, controlled intravenous infusion is advisable (for adults, an infusion rate not exceeding 4 mg furosemide per minute has been used). (See .)

Although rare, sensitivity to Sulfacetamide Sodium may occur. Therefore, caution and careful supervision should be observed when prescribing this drug for patients who may be prone to hypersensitivity to topical sulfonamides. Systemic toxic reactions such as agranulocytosis, acute hemolytic anemia, purpura hemorrhagica, drug fever, jaundice, and contact dermatitis indicate hypersensitivity to sulfonamides. Particular caution should be employed if areas of denuded or abraded skin are involved.

FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY. Keep away from eyes. Keep out of reach of children. Keep container tightly closed.


What are the precautions of Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur?

General

lf irritation develops, use of the product should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted. Patients should be carefully observed for possible local irritation or sensitization during long-term therapy. The object of this therapy is to achieve desquamation without irritation, but Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur can cause reddening and scaling of the epidermis. These side effects are not unusual in the treatment of acne vulgaris, but patients should be cautioned about the possibility.

Information for Patients

Avoid contact with eyes, eyelids, lips and mucous membranes. If accidental contact occurs, rinse with water. If excessive irritation develops, discontinue use and consult your physician.

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis and Impairment of Fertility

Longterm studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential.

Pregnancy

Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur lotion. It is also not known whether Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur cleanser can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur cleanser should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Nursing Mothers

It is not known whether sulfacetamide sodium is excreted in the human milk following topical use of Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur lotion. However, small amounts of orally administered sulfonamides have been reported to be eliminated in human milk. In view of this and because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur cleanser is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness in children under the age of 12 have not been established.


What are the side effects of Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur?

Although rare, Sulfacetamide Sodium may cause local irritation.


What should I look out for while using Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur?

Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur cleanser is contraindicated for use by patients having known hypersensitivity to sulfonamides, Sulfur or any other component of this preparation. Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur cleanser is not to be used by patients with kidney disease.

Although rare, sensitivity to Sulfacetamide Sodium may occur. Therefore, caution and careful supervision should be observed when prescribing this drug for patients who may be prone to hypersensitivity to topical sulfonamides. Systemic toxic reactions such as agranulocytosis, acute hemolytic anemia, purpura hemorrhagica, drug fever, jaundice, and contact dermatitis indicate hypersensitivity to sulfonamides. Particular caution should be employed if areas of denuded or abraded skin are involved.

FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY. Keep away from eyes. Keep out of reach of children. Keep container tightly closed.


What might happen if I take too much Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur?

Sorry No Records found


How should I store and handle Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur?

StorageStore Naftifine Hydrochloride Cream, 2% at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F) .StorageStore Naftifine Hydrochloride Cream, 2% at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F) .Sulfacetamide Sodium 10% and Sulfur 5% cleanser is supplied in 6 oz (170 g) tube 12 oz (340 g) bottle


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

The most widely accepted mechanism of action of sulfonamides is the Woods-Fildes theory, which is based on the fact that sulfonamides act as competitive antagonists to para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), an essential component for bacterial growth. While absorption through intact skin has not been determined, sulfacetamide Sodium is readily absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract when taken orally and excreted in the urine, largely unchanged. The biological half-life has variously been reported as 7 to 12.8 hours. The exact mode of action of Sulfur in the treatment of acne is unknown, but it has been reported that it inhibits the growth of Propionibacterium acnes and the formation of free fatty acids.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur cleanser is contraindicated for use by patients having known hypersensitivity to sulfonamides, Sulfur or any other component of this preparation. Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur cleanser is not to be used by patients with kidney disease.

Although rare, sensitivity to Sulfacetamide Sodium may occur. Therefore, caution and careful supervision should be observed when prescribing this drug for patients who may be prone to hypersensitivity to topical sulfonamides. Systemic toxic reactions such as agranulocytosis, acute hemolytic anemia, purpura hemorrhagica, drug fever, jaundice, and contact dermatitis indicate hypersensitivity to sulfonamides. Particular caution should be employed if areas of denuded or abraded skin are involved.

FOR EXTERNAL USE ONLY. Keep away from eyes. Keep out of reach of children. Keep container tightly closed.

Furosemide may increase the ototoxic potential of aminoglycoside antibiotics, especially in the presence of impaired renal function. Except in life-threatening situations, avoid this combination.

Furosemide should not be used concomitantly with ethacrynic acid because of the possibility of ototoxicity. Patients receiving high doses of salicylates concomitantly with furosemide, as in rheumatic disease, may experience salicylate toxicity at lower doses because of competitive renal excretory sites.

There is a risk of ototoxic effects if cisplatin and furosemide are given concomitantly. In addition, nephrotoxicity of nephrotoxic drugs such as cisplatin may be enhanced if furosemide is not given in lower doses and with positive fluid balance when used to achieve forced diuresis during cisplatin treatment.

Furosemide has a tendency to antagonize the skeletal muscle relaxing effect of tubocurarine and may potentiate the action of succinylcholine.

Lithium generally should not be given with diuretics because they reduce lithium's renal clearance and add a high risk of lithium toxicity.

Furosemide combined with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers may lead to severe hypotension and deterioration in renal function, including renal failure. An interruption or reduction in the dosage of furosemide, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, or angiotensin receptor blockers may be necessary.

Potentiation occurs with ganglionic or peripheral adrenergic blocking drugs.

Furosemide may decrease arterial responsiveness to norepinephrine. However, norepinephrine may still be used effectively.

Simultaneous administration of sucralfate and furosemide tablets may reduce the natriuretic and antihypertensive effects of furosemide. Patients receiving both drugs should be observed closely to determine if the desired diuretic and/or antihypertensive effect of furosemide is achieved. The intake of furosemide and sucralfate should be separated by at least two hours.

In isolated cases, intravenous administration of furosemide within 24 hours of taking chloral hydrate may lead to flushing, sweating attacks, restlessness, nausea, increase in blood pressure, and tachycardia. Use of furosemide concomitantly with chloral hydrate is therefore not recommended.

Phenytoin interferes directly with renal action of furosemide. There is evidence that treatment with phenytoin leads to decrease intestinal absorption of furosemide, and consequently to lower peak serum furosemide concentrations.

Methotrexate and other drugs that, like furosemide, undergo significant renal tubular secretion may reduce the effect of furosemide. Conversely, furosemide may decrease renal elimination of other drugs that undergo tubular secretion. High-dose treatment of both furosemide and these other drugs may result in elevated serum levels of these drugs and may potentiate their toxicity as well as the toxicity of furosemide.

Furosemide can increase the risk of cephalosporin-induced nephrotoxicity even in the setting of minor or transient renal impairment.

Concomitant use of cyclosporine and furosemide is associated with increased risk of gouty arthritis secondary to furosemide-induced hyperurecemia and cyclosporine impairment of renal urate excretion.

One study in six subjects demonstrated that the combination of furosemide and acetylsalicylic acid temporarily reduced creatinine clearance in patients with chronic renal insufficiency. There are case reports of patients who developed increased BUN, serum creatinine and serum potassium levels, and weight gain when furosemide was used in conjunction with NSAIDs.

Literature reports indicate that coadministration of indomethacin may reduce the natriuretic and antihypertensive effects of furosemide in some patients by inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis. Indomethacin may also affect plasma renin levels, aldosterone excretion, and renin profile evaluation. Patients receiving both indomethacin and furosemide should be observed closely to determine if the desired diuretic and/or antihypertensive effect of furosemide is achieved.

lf irritation develops, use of the product should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted. Patients should be carefully observed for possible local irritation or sensitization during long-term therapy. The object of this therapy is to achieve desquamation without irritation, but Sulfacetamide Sodium and Sulfur can cause reddening and scaling of the epidermis. These side effects are not unusual in the treatment of acne vulgaris, but patients should be cautioned about the possibility.

Although rare, Sulfacetamide Sodium may cause local irritation.

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

A total of 440 drugs (1549 brand and generic names) are known to interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib). 228 major drug interactions (854 brand and generic names) 210 moderate drug interactions (691 brand and generic names) 2 minor drug interactions (4 brand and generic names) Show all medications in the database that may interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib).