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SYMJEPI

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Overview

What is SYMJEPI?

Each SYMJEPI pre-filled, syringe delivers a single dose of 0.3 mg of epinephrine from epinephrine injection, USP (0.3mg/0.3 mL).

Each SYMJEPI (epinephrine injection, USP) syringe contains 0.8 mL of sterile aqueous solution of epinephrine for intramuscular or subcutaneous administration. The syringe is overfilled for stability purposes; more than half of the solution remains in the syringe after use and CANNOT BE REUSED.

Each 0.3 mL contains 0.3 mg epinephrine, 1.8 mg sodium chloride, 0.5 mg sodium metabisulfite, hydrochloric acid to adjust pH, and Water for Injection. The pH range is 2.2-5.0.

Epinephrine is a sympathomimetic catecholamine (a non-selective alpha and beta-adrenergic receptor agonist) designated chemically as (-)-3,4-Dihydroxy-α-[(methylamino)methyl]benzyl alcohol and has the following structure:

The molecular weight of epinephrine is 183.20.

Epinephrine solution deteriorates rapidly on exposure to air or light, turning pink from oxidation to adrenochrome and brown from formation of melanin. Replace SYMJEPI if the solution appears discolored (pinkish or brown color), cloudy, or contains particles.



What does SYMJEPI look like?



What are the available doses of SYMJEPI?

Injection: single-dose, pre-filled syringe for manual injection containing 0.3 mg/0.3 mL epinephrine sterile solution for injection, USP

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take SYMJEPI?

Elderly patients may be at greater risk of developing adverse reactions. (, )

How should I use SYMJEPI?

SYMJEPI is indicated in the emergency treatment of allergic reactions (Type I) including anaphylaxis to stinging insects (e.g., order Hymenoptera, which include bees, wasps, hornets, yellow jackets and fire ants) and biting insects (e.g., triatoma, mosquitoes), allergen immunotherapy, foods, drugs, diagnostic testing substances (e.g., radiocontrast media) and other allergens, as well as idiopathic anaphylaxis or exercise-induced anaphylaxis.

SYMJEPI is intended for immediate administration in patients who are determined to be at increased risk for anaphylaxis, including individuals with a history of anaphylactic reactions.

Anaphylactic reactions may occur within minutes after exposure and consist of flushing, apprehension, syncope, tachycardia, thready or unobtainable pulse associated with a fall in blood pressure, convulsions, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal cramps, involuntary voiding, wheezing, dyspnea due to laryngeal spasm, pruritus, rashes, urticaria or angioedema.

SYMJEPI is intended for immediate administration as emergency supportive therapy only and is not a substitute for immediate medical care.

This product delivers 0.3 mg epinephrine injection (0.3 mL) and is intended for patients who weigh 30 kg or more (approximately 66 pounds or more).

Inject SYMJEPI intramuscularly or subcutaneously into the anterolateral aspect of the thigh with the needle facing downwards. It can be injected through clothing if necessary. Instruct caregivers of young children who are prescribed SYMJEPI and who may be uncooperative and kick or move during an injection to hold the leg firmly in place and limit movement prior to and during an injection [].

Each SYMJEPI contains a single dose of epinephrine for single-use injection. Since the doses of Epinephrine delivered from SYMJEPI are fixed, consider using other forms of injectable epinephrine if doses lower than 0.3 mg are deemed necessary.

The prescriber should carefully assess each patient to determine the most appropriate dose of epinephrine, recognizing the life-threatening nature of the reactions for which this drug is indicated. With severe persistent anaphylaxis, repeat injections with an additional SYMJEPI may be necessary. More than two sequential doses of epinephrine should only be administered under direct medical supervision [].

SYMJEPI prescribers should ensure that the patient or caregiver is instructed and understands the indications and use of this product. A health care provider should review the patient instructions for SYMJEPI, in detail, with the patient or caregiver. Patients and/or any other person who might be in a position to administer an epinephrine injection should be advised of the proper site for injection and given appropriate instructions about imbedding the needle before transferring the thumb to the syringe plunger [].

The epinephrine solution in the syringe should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration. Epinephrine is light sensitive and should be stored in the outer case provided to protect it from light [].


What interacts with SYMJEPI?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of SYMJEPI?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of SYMJEPI?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of SYMJEPI?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using SYMJEPI?

None.


What might happen if I take too much SYMJEPI?

Overdosage of epinephrine may produce extremely elevated arterial pressure, which may result in cerebrovascular hemorrhage, particularly in elderly patients. Overdosage may also result in pulmonary edema because of peripheral vascular constriction together with cardiac stimulation. Treatment consists of rapidly acting vasodilators or alpha-adrenergic blocking drugs and/or respiratory support.

Epinephrine overdosage can also cause transient bradycardia followed by tachycardia, and these may be accompanied by potentially fatal cardiac arrhythmias. Premature ventricular contractions may appear within one minute after injection and may be followed by multifocal ventricular tachycardia (prefibrillation rhythm). Subsidence of the ventricular effects may be followed by atrial tachycardia and occasionally by atrioventricular block. Treatment of arrhythmias consists of administration of a beta-adrenergic blocking drug such as propranolol.

Overdosage sometimes results in extreme pallor and coldness of the skin, metabolic acidosis, and kidney failure. Suitable corrective measures must be taken in such situations.


How should I store and handle SYMJEPI?

Protect from light. Epinephrine is light sensitive and should be stored in the case provided to protect it from light. Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature). Do not refrigerate. Before using, check to make sure the solution in the syringe is clear and colorless. Replace the product if the solution is discolored (pinkish or brown color), cloudy, or contains particles. Used SYMJEPI should be given to a healthcare provider or emergency room personnel for proper disposal. Expired or discolored SYMJEPI should be returned to a healthcare provider or pharmacy for proper disposal.


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

Epinephrine acts on both alpha and beta-adrenergic receptors.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
None.

Mineral oil interferes with the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins, including vitamin D preparations.

Administration of thiazide diuretics to hypoparathyroid patients who are concurrently being treated with ergocalciferol may cause hypercalcemia.

SYMJEPI is intended for immediate administration as emergency supportive therapy and is not intended as a substitute for immediate medical care. More than two sequential doses of epinephrine should only be administered under direct medical supervision [].

Due to the lack of randomized, controlled clinical trials of epinephrine for the treatment of anaphylaxis, the true incidence of adverse reactions associated with the systemic use of epinephrine is difficult to determine. Adverse reactions reported in observational trials, case reports and studies are listed below. Common adverse reactions to systemically administered epinephrine include: anxiety; apprehensiveness; restlessness; tremor; weakness; dizziness; sweating; palpitations; pallor; nausea and vomiting; headache; and/or respiratory difficulties. These symptoms occur in some persons receiving therapeutic doses of epinephrine, but are more likely to occur in patients with hypertension or hyperthyroidism [].

Arrhythmias, including fatal ventricular fibrillation, have been reported, particularly in patients with underlying cardiac disease or those receiving certain drugs [].

Rapid rises in blood pressure have produced cerebral hemorrhage, particularly in elderly patients with cardiovascular disease [].

Angina may occur in patients with coronary artery disease [].

Rare cases of stress cardiomyopathy have been reported in patients treated with epinephrine.

Accidental injection into the digits, hands or feet may result in loss of blood flow to the affected area [].

Adverse events experienced as a result of accidental injections may include increased heart rate, local reactions including injection site pallor, coldness and hypoesthesia or injury at the injection site resulting in bruising, bleeding, discoloration, erythema or skeletal injury.

Injection into the buttock has resulted in cases of gas gangrene [].

Rare cases of serious skin and soft tissue infections, including necrotizing fasciitis and myonecrosis caused by Clostridia (gas gangrene), have been reported at the injection site following epinephrine injection in the thigh [].

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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