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Valganciclovir

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Overview

What is Valganciclovir?

Valganciclovir hydrochloride USP, a hydrochloride salt of the L-valyl ester of ganciclovir that exists as a mixture of two diastereomers. Ganciclovir is a synthetic guanine derivative active against CMV.

Valganciclovir hydrochloride USP is available as a 450 mg tablet for oral administration. Each tablet contains 496.3 mg of valganciclovir hydrochloride USP (corresponding to 450 mg of valganciclovir), and the inactive ingredients crospovidone, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose and povidone. The film-coat applied to the tablets contains hypromellose, iron oxide red, polyethylene glycol, polysorbate and titanium dioxide.

Valganciclovir hydrochloride USP is a white to almost white powder with a molecular formula of C H N O •HCl and a molecular weight of 390.71. The chemical name for valganciclovir hydrochloride USP is L-Valine, 2[(2-amino-1,6-dihydro-6-oxo-9H-purin-9-yl)methoxy]-3-hydroxypropyl ester, monohydrochloride. Valganciclovir hydrochloride USP is a polar hydrophilic compound with a saturation solubility of 6029 mg/mL in water at 25°C and an n-octanol/water partition coefficient of 0.00701 at pH 5.1. The pKa for valganciclovir hydrochloride USP is 7.2.

The chemical structure of valganciclovir hydrochloride USP is:

All doses in this insert are specified in terms of valganciclovir.



What does Valganciclovir look like?



What are the available doses of Valganciclovir?

Valganciclovir tablets, 450 mg are pink colored, oval shaped, film coated tablets debossed with ‘RDY’ on one side and ‘762’ on other side.

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Valganciclovir?

Pediatric use information for pediatric kidney transplant patients ages 4 months to 16 years and for pediatric heart transplant patients ages 1 to less than 4 months is approved for Roche Palo Alto LLC’s VALCYTE (valganciclovir hydrochloride) tablets and oral solution. However, due to Roche Palo Alto LLC’s marketing exclusivity rights, this drug product is not labeled with that pediatric information.

How should I use Valganciclovir?

Treatment of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Retinitis:

Clinical Studies

Prevention of CMV Disease:

Clinical Studies

Valganciclovir tablets should be taken with food ( , ).

Valganciclovir tablets should not be broken or crushed ( ).

Adult patients should use valganciclovir tablets, not valganciclovir for oral solution

Adults with renal impairment: Adjust dose based on creatinine clearance. For adult patients receiving hemodialysis a dose recommendation cannot be given ( , , ).


What interacts with Valganciclovir?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of Valganciclovir?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Valganciclovir?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of Valganciclovir?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Valganciclovir?

Valganciclovir is contraindicated in patients who have had a demonstrated clinically significant hypersensitivity reaction (e.g., anaphylaxis) to valganciclovir, ganciclovir, or any component of the formulation [see ].


What might happen if I take too much Valganciclovir?

Experience with Valganciclovir Tablets:

Dosage and Administration ( ), Use in Specific Populations ( )

Clinical Pharmacology ( )

Warnings and Precautions and see Clinical Pharmacology ( )

Reports of adverse reactions after overdoses with valganciclovir, some with fatal outcomes, have been received from clinical trials and during post-marketing experience. The majority of patients experienced one or more of the following adverse events:

Hematological toxicity:

Hepatotoxicity:

Renal toxicity:

Gastrointestinal toxicity:

Neurotoxicity:


How should I store and handle Valganciclovir?

Prior to reconstitution, TYGACIL should be stored at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.] The reconstituted solution of TYGACIL may be stored at room temperature (not to exceed 25°C/77°F) for up to 24 hours (up to 6 hours in the vial and the remaining time in the intravenous bag) .Valganciclovir Tablets USP, 450 mg are pink colored, oval shaped, film coated tablets debossed with ‘RDY’ on one side and ‘762’ on other side, and are supplied in unit dose package of 30 (5 x 6) NDC 68084-965-25.Store at 20°C-25°C (68°F-77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].FOR YOUR PROTECTION:Valganciclovir Tablets USP, 450 mg are pink colored, oval shaped, film coated tablets debossed with ‘RDY’ on one side and ‘762’ on other side, and are supplied in unit dose package of 30 (5 x 6) NDC 68084-965-25.Store at 20°C-25°C (68°F-77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].FOR YOUR PROTECTION:Valganciclovir Tablets USP, 450 mg are pink colored, oval shaped, film coated tablets debossed with ‘RDY’ on one side and ‘762’ on other side, and are supplied in unit dose package of 30 (5 x 6) NDC 68084-965-25.Store at 20°C-25°C (68°F-77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].FOR YOUR PROTECTION:


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

Valganciclovir is an antiviral drug with activity against CMV [see ].

Non-Clinical Toxicology
Valganciclovir is contraindicated in patients who have had a demonstrated clinically significant hypersensitivity reaction (e.g., anaphylaxis) to valganciclovir, ganciclovir, or any component of the formulation [see ].

Dual Blockade of the Renin-Angiotensin System (RAS)

Dual blockade of the RAS with angiotensin receptor blockers, ACE inhibitors, or aliskiren is associated with increased risks of hypotension, hyperkalemia, and changes in renal function (including acute renal failure) compared to monotherapy. Most patients receiving the combination of two RAS inhibitors do not obtain any additional benefit compared to monotherapy. In general, avoid combined use of RAS inhibitors.

Closely monitor blood pressure, renal function and electrolytes in patients on captopril tablets and other agents that block the RAS.

Do not co-administer aliskiren with captopril tablets in patients with diabetes. Avoid use of aliskiren with captopril tablets in patients with renal impairment (GFR
Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Agents including Selective Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitors (COX-2 Inhibitors):

Hypotension - Patients on Diuretic Therapy

The possibility of hypotensive effects with captopril can be minimized by either discontinuing the diuretic or increasing the salt intake approximately one week prior to initiation of treatment with captopril tablets or initiating therapy with small doses (6.25 or 12.5 mg). Alternatively, provide medical supervision for at least one hour after the initial dose. If hypotension occurs, the patient should be placed in a supine position and, if necessary, receive an intravenous infusion of normal saline. This transient hypotensive response is not a contraindication to further doses which can be given without difficulty once the blood pressure has increased after volume expansion.

Agents Having Vasodilator Activity

Agents Causing Renin Release

Agents Affecting Sympathetic Activity

Agents Increasing Serum Potassium

Lithium

Cardiac Glycosides

Loop Diuretics

Allopurinol:





Gold:

Severe leukopenia, neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia, pancytopenia, and bone marrow failure including aplastic anemia have been reported in patients treated with valganciclovir or ganciclovir. Valganciclovir should be avoided if the absolute neutrophil count is less than 500 cells/μL, the platelet count is less than 25,000/μL, or the hemoglobin is less than 8 g/dL. Valganciclovir should also be used with caution in patients with pre-existing cytopenias and in patients receiving myelosuppressive drugs or irradiation. Cytopenia may occur at any time during treatment and may worsen with continued dosing. Cell counts usually begin to recover within 3 to 7 days after discontinuing drug. In patients with severe leukopenia, neutropenia, anemia and/or thrombocytopenia, treatment with hematopoietic growth factors may be considered.

Due to the frequency of neutropenia, anemia, and thrombocytopenia in patients receiving valganciclovir [see ], complete blood counts with differential and platelet counts should be performed frequently, especially in patients with renal impairment and in patients in whom ganciclovir or other nucleoside analogues have previously resulted in leukopenia, or in whom neutrophil counts are less than 1000 cells/μL at the beginning of treatment. Increased monitoring for cytopenias may be warranted if therapy with oral ganciclovir is changed to valganciclovir, because of increased plasma concentrations of ganciclovir after valganciclovir administration [see ].

The following serious adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the labeling:

The most common adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities reported in at least one indication by greater than or equal to 20% of adult patients treated with valganciclovir tablets are diarrhea, pyrexia, fatigue, nausea, tremor, neutropenia, anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, headache, insomnia, urinary tract infection, and vomiting. The most common reported adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities reported in greater than or equal to 20% of pediatric solid organ transplant recipients treated with valganciclovir tablets are diarrhea, pyrexia, upper respiratory tract infection, urinary tract infection, vomiting, neutropenia, leukopenia, and headache.

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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