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Vancocin

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Overview

What is Vancocin?

VANCOCIN CAPSULES for oral administration contain chromatographically purified vancomycin hydrochloride, a tricyclic glycopeptide antibiotic derived from (formerly ), which has the chemical formula CHClNO•HCl. The molecular weight of vancomycin hydrochloride is 1485.73; 500 mg of the base is equivalent to 0.34 mmol.

The capsules contain vancomycin hydrochloride equivalent to 125 mg (0.08 mmol) or 250 mg (0.17 mmol) vancomycin. The capsules also contain F D & C Blue No. 2, gelatin, iron oxide, polyethylene glycol, titanium dioxide, and other inactive ingredients.

Vancomycin hydrochloride has the structural formula:



What does Vancocin look like?



What are the available doses of Vancocin?

VANCOCIN 125 mg* CAPSULES have an opaque blue cap and opaque brown body imprinted with “3125” on the cap and “VANCOCIN HCL 125 MG” on the body in white ink.

VANCOCIN 250 mg* CAPSULES have an opaque blue cap and opaque lavender body imprinted with “3126” on the cap and “VANCOCIN HCL 250 MG” on the body in white ink.

*Equivalent to vancomycin.

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Vancocin?

How should I use Vancocin?

VANCOCIN CAPSULES are indicated for the treatment of e-associated diarrhea. VANCOCIN CAPSULES are also used for the treatment of enterocolitis caused by (including methicillin-resistant strains). Parenteral administration of vancomycin is not effective for the above infections; therefore, VANCOCIN CAPSULES must be given orally for these infections.

VANCOCIN CAPSULES are used in treating -associated diarrhea and staphylococcal enterocolitis.


What interacts with Vancocin?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of Vancocin?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Vancocin?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of Vancocin?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Vancocin?

VANCOCIN CAPSULES are contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to vancomycin.


What might happen if I take too much Vancocin?

Supportive care is advised, with maintenance of glomerular filtration. Vancomycin is poorly removed by dialysis. Hemofiltration and hemoperfusion with polysulfone resin have been reported to result in increased vancomycin clearance.

To obtain up-to-date information about the treatment of overdose, a good resource is your certified Regional Poison Control Center. Telephone numbers of certified poison control centers are listed in the . In managing overdosage, consider the possibility of multiple drug overdoses, interaction among drugs, and unusual drug kinetics.


How should I store and handle Vancocin?

Store at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature]. Keep tightly closed (protect from moisture). Protect from light. VANCOCIN CAPSULES are available in: The 125 mg* capsules have an opaque blue cap and opaque brown body imprinted with “3125” on the cap and “VANCOCIN HCL 125 MG” on the body in white ink. A carton contains 2 blister packs. Each blister pack contains 10 capsules for a total of 20 capsules per carton. NDC No. 62559-310-20.The 250 mg* capsules have an opaque blue cap and opaque lavender body imprinted with “3126” on the cap and “VANCOCIN HCL 250 MG” on the body in white ink. A carton contains 2 blister packs. Each blister pack contains 10 capsules for a total of 20 capsules per carton. NDC No. 62559-311-20.Store at controlled room temperature, 59° to 86°F (15° to 30°C). *Equivalent to vancomycin. VANCOCIN CAPSULES are available in: The 125 mg* capsules have an opaque blue cap and opaque brown body imprinted with “3125” on the cap and “VANCOCIN HCL 125 MG” on the body in white ink. A carton contains 2 blister packs. Each blister pack contains 10 capsules for a total of 20 capsules per carton. NDC No. 62559-310-20.The 250 mg* capsules have an opaque blue cap and opaque lavender body imprinted with “3126” on the cap and “VANCOCIN HCL 250 MG” on the body in white ink. A carton contains 2 blister packs. Each blister pack contains 10 capsules for a total of 20 capsules per carton. NDC No. 62559-311-20.Store at controlled room temperature, 59° to 86°F (15° to 30°C). *Equivalent to vancomycin. VANCOCIN CAPSULES are available in: The 125 mg* capsules have an opaque blue cap and opaque brown body imprinted with “3125” on the cap and “VANCOCIN HCL 125 MG” on the body in white ink. A carton contains 2 blister packs. Each blister pack contains 10 capsules for a total of 20 capsules per carton. NDC No. 62559-310-20.The 250 mg* capsules have an opaque blue cap and opaque lavender body imprinted with “3126” on the cap and “VANCOCIN HCL 250 MG” on the body in white ink. A carton contains 2 blister packs. Each blister pack contains 10 capsules for a total of 20 capsules per carton. NDC No. 62559-311-20.Store at controlled room temperature, 59° to 86°F (15° to 30°C). *Equivalent to vancomycin. VANCOCIN CAPSULES are available in: The 125 mg* capsules have an opaque blue cap and opaque brown body imprinted with “3125” on the cap and “VANCOCIN HCL 125 MG” on the body in white ink. A carton contains 2 blister packs. Each blister pack contains 10 capsules for a total of 20 capsules per carton. NDC No. 62559-310-20.The 250 mg* capsules have an opaque blue cap and opaque lavender body imprinted with “3126” on the cap and “VANCOCIN HCL 250 MG” on the body in white ink. A carton contains 2 blister packs. Each blister pack contains 10 capsules for a total of 20 capsules per carton. NDC No. 62559-311-20.Store at controlled room temperature, 59° to 86°F (15° to 30°C). *Equivalent to vancomycin. VANCOCIN CAPSULES are available in: The 125 mg* capsules have an opaque blue cap and opaque brown body imprinted with “3125” on the cap and “VANCOCIN HCL 125 MG” on the body in white ink. A carton contains 2 blister packs. Each blister pack contains 10 capsules for a total of 20 capsules per carton. NDC No. 62559-310-20.The 250 mg* capsules have an opaque blue cap and opaque lavender body imprinted with “3126” on the cap and “VANCOCIN HCL 250 MG” on the body in white ink. A carton contains 2 blister packs. Each blister pack contains 10 capsules for a total of 20 capsules per carton. NDC No. 62559-311-20.Store at controlled room temperature, 59° to 86°F (15° to 30°C). *Equivalent to vancomycin.


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

Vancomycin is an antibacterial drug (see[]).

Non-Clinical Toxicology
VANCOCIN CAPSULES are contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to vancomycin.

Amphotericin B Injection and Potassium-Depleting AgentsWhen corticosteroids are administered concomitantly with potassium-depleting agents (e.g., ), patients should be observed closely for development of hypokalemia. In addition, there have been cases reported in which concomitant use of amphotericin B and hydrocortisone was followed by cardiac enlargement and congestive heart failure.

AntibioticsMacrolide antibiotics have been reported to cause a significant decrease in corticosteroid clearance (See  Hepatic Enzyme Inducers, Inhibitors and Substrates).

AnticholinesterasesConcomitant use of anticholinesterase agents (e.g., ) and corticosteroids may produce severe weakness in patients with myasthenia gravis. If possible, anticholinesterase agents should be withdrawn at least 24 hours before initiating corticosteroid therapy. If concomitant therapy must occur, it should take place under close supervision and the need for respiratory support should be anticipated.

Anticoagulants, OralCo-administration of corticosteroids and usually results in inhibition of response to warfarin, although there have been some conflicting reports. Therefore, coagulation indices should be monitored frequently to maintain the desired anticoagulant effect.

AntidiabeticsBecause corticosteroids may increase blood glucose concentrations, dosage adjustments of antidiabetic agents may be required.

Antitubercular DrugsSerum concentrations of may be decreased.

BupropionSince systemic steroids, as well as bupropion, can lower the seizure threshold, concurrent administration should be undertaken only with extreme caution; low initial dosing and small gradual increases should be employed.

CholestyramineCholestyramine may increase the clearance of corticosteroids.

CyclosporineIncreased activity of both cyclosporine and corticosteroids may occur when the two are used concurrently. Convulsions have been reported with this concurrent use.

Digitalis GlycosidesPatients on digitalis glycosides may be at increased risk of arrhythmias due to hypokalemia.

Estrogens, Including Oral ContraceptivesEstrogens may decrease the hepatic metabolism of certain corticosteroids, thereby increasing their effect.

FluoroquinolonesPost-marketing surveillance reports indicate that the risk of tendon rupture may be increased in patients receiving concomitant fluoroquinolones (e.g., ) and corticosteroids, especially in the elderly. Tendon rupture can occur during or after treatment with quinolones.

Hepatic Enzyme Inducers, Inhibitors and SubstratesDrugs which cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP 3A4) enzyme activity (e.g., ) may enhance the metabolism of corticosteroids and require that the dosage of the corticosteroid be increased. Drugs which CYP 3A4 (e.g., ) have the potential to result in increased plasma concentrations of corticosteroids. Glucocorticoids are moderate inducers of CYP 3A4. Co-administration with other drugs that are metabolized by CYP 3A4 (e.g., ) may increase their clearance, resulting in decreased plasma concentration.

KetoconazoleKetoconazole has been reported to decrease the metabolism of certain corticosteroids by up to 60%, leading to increased risk of corticosteroid side effects. In addition, ketoconazole alone can inhibit adrenal corticosteroid synthesis and may cause adrenal insufficiency during corticosteroid withdrawal.

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Agents (NSAIDS)Concomitant use of (or other ) and corticosteroids increases the risk of gastrointestinal side effects. Aspirin should be used cautiously in conjunction with corticosteroids in hypoprothrombinemia. The clearance of salicylates may be increased with concurrent use of corticosteroids; this could lead to decreased salicylate serum levels or increase the risk of salicylate toxicity when corticosteroid is withdrawn.

PhenytoinIn post-marketing experience, there have been reports of both increases and decreases in phenytoin levels with dexamethasone co-administration, leading to alterations in seizure control. Phenytoin has been demonstrated to increase the hepatic metabolism of corticosteroids, resulting in a decreased therapeutic effect of the corticosteroid.

QuetiapineIncreased doses of quetiapine may be required to maintain control of symptoms of schizophrenia in patients receiving a glucocorticoid, a hepatic enzyme inducer.

Skin TestsCorticosteroids may suppress reactions to skin tests.

ThalidomideCo-administration with thalidomide should be employed cautiously, as toxic epidermal necrolysis has been reported with concomitant use.

VaccinesPatients on corticosteroid therapy may exhibit a diminished response to toxoids and live or inactivated vaccines due to inhibition of antibody response. Corticosteroids may also potentiate the replication of some organisms contained in live attenuated vaccines. Routine administration of vaccines or toxoids should be deferred until corticosteroid therapy is discontinued if possible (See  Vaccination).

This preparation for the treatment of colitis is for oral use only and is not systemically absorbed. VANCOCIN CAPSULES must be given orally for treatment of staphylococcal enterocolitis and associated diarrhea. Orally administered VANCOCIN CAPSULES are not effective for other types of infections.

Parenteral administration of vancomycin is effective for treatment of staphylococcal enterocolitis and -associated diarrhea. If parenteral vancomycin therapy is desired, use an intravenous preparation of vancomycin and consult the package insert accompanying that preparation

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

A total of 440 drugs (1549 brand and generic names) are known to interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib). 228 major drug interactions (854 brand and generic names) 210 moderate drug interactions (691 brand and generic names) 2 minor drug interactions (4 brand and generic names) Show all medications in the database that may interact with Imbruvica (ibrutinib).