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Xalkori

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Overview

What is Xalkori?

XALKORI (crizotinib) is an oral receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor. The molecular formula for crizotinib is CHClFNO. The molecular weight is 450.34 daltons. Crizotinib is described chemically as ()-3-[1-(2,6-Dichloro-3-fluorophenyl)ethoxy]-5-[1-(piperidin-4-yl)-1-pyrazol-4-yl]pyridin-2-amine.

The chemical structure of crizotinib is shown below:

Crizotinib is a white to pale-yellow powder with a pKa of 9.4 (piperidinium cation) and 5.6 (pyridinium cation). The solubility of crizotinib in aqueous media decreases over the range pH 1.6 to pH 8.2 from greater than 10 mg/mL to less than 0.1 mg/mL. The log of the distribution coefficient (octanol/water) at pH 7.4 is 1.65.

XALKORI capsules are supplied as printed hard-shell capsules containing 250 mg or 200 mg of crizotinib together with colloidal silicon dioxide, microcrystalline cellulose, anhydrous dibasic calcium phosphate, sodium starch glycolate, magnesium stearate, and hard gelatin capsule shells as inactive ingredients.

The pink opaque capsule shell components contain gelatin, titanium dioxide, and red iron oxide. The white opaque capsule shell components contain gelatin and titanium dioxide. The printing ink contains shellac, propylene glycol, strong ammonia solution, potassium hydroxide, and black iron oxide.



What does Xalkori look like?



What are the available doses of Xalkori?

Capsules: 250 mg and 200 mg. ()

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Xalkori?

Lactation: Do not breastfeed while taking XALKORI. ()

How should I use Xalkori?

XALKORI is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors are anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) or ROS1-positive as detected by an FDA-approved test .

Select patients for the treatment of metastatic NSCLC with XALKORI based on the presence of ALK or ROS1 positivity in tumor specimens .

Information on FDA-approved tests for the detection of ALK and ROS1 rearrangements in NSCLC is available at http://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/ProductsandMedicalProcedures/InVitroDiagnostics/ucm301431.htm.


What interacts with Xalkori?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of Xalkori?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Xalkori?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of Xalkori?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Xalkori?

None.


What might happen if I take too much Xalkori?

There have been no known cases of XALKORI overdose. There is no antidote for XALKORI.


How should I store and handle Xalkori?

Store at controlled room temperature 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [see USP].Morphine Sulfate Oral Solution 100 mg per 5 mL (20 mg/mL) is available as a clear, light blue liquid with raspberry odor.StorageStore at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].PROTECT FROM LIGHT.Morphine Sulfate Oral Solution 100 mg per 5 mL (20 mg/mL) is available as a clear, light blue liquid with raspberry odor.StorageStore at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].PROTECT FROM LIGHT.Morphine Sulfate Oral Solution 100 mg per 5 mL (20 mg/mL) is available as a clear, light blue liquid with raspberry odor.StorageStore at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].PROTECT FROM LIGHT.Morphine Sulfate Oral Solution 100 mg per 5 mL (20 mg/mL) is available as a clear, light blue liquid with raspberry odor.StorageStore at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].PROTECT FROM LIGHT.Morphine Sulfate Oral Solution 100 mg per 5 mL (20 mg/mL) is available as a clear, light blue liquid with raspberry odor.StorageStore at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) [See USP Controlled Room Temperature].PROTECT FROM LIGHT.


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

Crizotinib is an inhibitor of receptor tyrosine kinases including ALK, Hepatocyte Growth Factor Receptor (HGFR, c-Met), ROS1 (c-ros), and Recepteur d'Origine Nantais (RON). Translocations can affect the ALK gene resulting in the expression of oncogenic fusion proteins. The formation of ALK fusion proteins results in activation and dysregulation of the gene's expression and signaling which can contribute to increased cell proliferation and survival in tumors expressing these proteins. Crizotinib demonstrated concentration-dependent inhibition of ALK, ROS1, and c-Met phosphorylation in cell-based assays using tumor cell lines and demonstrated antitumor activity in mice bearing tumor xenografts that expressed echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 (EML4)- or nucleophosmin (NPM)-ALK fusion proteins or c-Met.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
None.

The pharmacokinetic interactions listed below are potentially clinically important. Mutual inhibition of metabolism occurs with concurrent use of cyclosporine and methylprednisolone; therefore, it is possible that adverse events associated with the individual use of either drug may be more apt to occur. Convulsions have been reported with concurrent use of methylprednisolone and cyclosporine. Drugs that induce hepatic enzymes such as phenobarbital, phenytoin, and rifampin may increase the clearance of methylprednisolone and may require increases in methylprednisolone dose to achieve the desired response. Drugs such as troleandomycin and ketoconazole may inhibit the metabolism of methylprednisolone and thus decrease its clearance. Therefore, the dose of methylprednisolone should be titrated to avoid steroid toxicity.

Methylprednisolone may increase the clearance of chronic high-dose aspirin. This could lead to decreased salicylate serum levels or increase the risk of salicylate toxicity when methylprednisolone is withdrawn. Aspirin should be used cautiously in conjunction with corticosteroids in patients suffering from hypoprothrombinemia.

The effect of methylprednisolone on oral anticoagulants is variable. There are reports of enhanced as well as diminished effects of anticoagulants when given concurrently with corticosteroids. Therefore, coagulation indices should be monitored to maintain the desired anticoagulant effect.

Drug-induced hepatotoxicity with fatal outcome occurred in 2 (0.1%) of the 1719 patients treated with XALKORI across clinical trials. Concurrent elevations in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or AST greater than or equal to 3 times the ULN and total bilirubin greater than or equal to 2 times the ULN, with normal alkaline phosphatase, occurred in 10 patients (
Monitor liver function tests, including ALT, AST, and total bilirubin, every 2 weeks during the first 2 months of treatment, then once a month, and as clinically indicated, with more frequent repeat testing for increased liver transaminases, alkaline phosphatase, or total bilirubin in patients who develop transaminase elevations. Temporarily suspend, dose reduce, or permanently discontinue XALKORI as described in Table 2 .

The following adverse reactions are discussed in greater detail in other sections of the labeling:

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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