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Zestril

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Overview

What is Zestril?

Lisinopril is an oral long-acting angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor.  Lisinopril, a synthetic peptide derivative, is chemically described as (S)-1-[N2-(1-carboxy-3-phenylpropyl)-L-lysyl]-L-proline dihydrate.  Its empirical formula is CHNO2HO and its structural formula is:

Lisinopril is a white to off-white, crystalline powder, with a molecular weight of 441.53.  It is soluble in water and sparingly soluble in methanol and practically insoluble in ethanol.

Zestril is supplied as 2.5 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg, 30 mg and 40 mg tablets for oral administration.

Inactive Ingredients:

2.5 mg tablets - calcium phosphate, magnesium stearate, mannitol, starch.

5, 10, 20 and 30 mg tablets - calcium phosphate, magnesium stearate, mannitol, red ferric oxide, starch.

40 mg tablets - calcium phosphate, magnesium stearate, mannitol, starch, yellow ferric oxide.



What does Zestril look like?



What are the available doses of Zestril?

Tablets: 2.5 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg, 20 mg, 30 mg, 40 mg ()

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take Zestril?

How should I use Zestril?


What interacts with Zestril?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of Zestril?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of Zestril?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of Zestril?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using Zestril?

Zestril is contraindicated in combination with a neprilysin inhibitor (e.g., sacubitril). Do not administer Zestril within 36 hours of switching to or from sacubitril/valsartan, a neprilysin inhibitor .

Zestril is contraindicated in patients with:

Do not co-administer aliskiren with ZESTRIL in patients with diabetes .


What might happen if I take too much Zestril?

Following a single oral dose of 20 g/kg no lethality occurred in rats, and death occurred in one of 20 mice receiving the same dose.  The most likely manifestation of overdosage would be hypotension, for which the usual treatment would be intravenous infusion of normal saline solution.

Lisinopril can be removed by hemodialysis .


How should I store and handle Zestril?

TOBI should be stored under refrigeration at 2ºC–8ºC/36ºF–46ºF. Upon removal from the refrigerator, or if refrigeration is unavailable, TOBI pouches (opened or unopened) may be stored at room temperature (up to 25ºC/77ºF) for up to 28 days. TOBI should not be used beyond the expiration date stamped on the ampule when stored under refrigeration (2ºC–8ºC/36ºF–46ºF) or beyond 28 days when stored at room temperature (25ºC/77ºF).TOBI ampules should not be exposed to intense light. The solution in the ampule is slightly yellow, but may darken with age if not stored in the refrigerator; however, the color change does not indicate any change in the quality of the product as long as it is stored within the recommended storage conditions.TOBI should be stored under refrigeration at 2ºC–8ºC/36ºF–46ºF. Upon removal from the refrigerator, or if refrigeration is unavailable, TOBI pouches (opened or unopened) may be stored at room temperature (up to 25ºC/77ºF) for up to 28 days. TOBI should not be used beyond the expiration date stamped on the ampule when stored under refrigeration (2ºC–8ºC/36ºF–46ºF) or beyond 28 days when stored at room temperature (25ºC/77ºF).TOBI ampules should not be exposed to intense light. The solution in the ampule is slightly yellow, but may darken with age if not stored in the refrigerator; however, the color change does not indicate any change in the quality of the product as long as it is stored within the recommended storage conditions.Zestril is available as uncoated biconvex tablets in bottles of 90 and bottles of 100.Store at controlled room temperature, 20-25°C (68-77°F) [see USP].  Protect from moisture, freezing and excessive heat.  Dispense in a tight container.Zestril is available as uncoated biconvex tablets in bottles of 90 and bottles of 100.Store at controlled room temperature, 20-25°C (68-77°F) [see USP].  Protect from moisture, freezing and excessive heat.  Dispense in a tight container.


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

Lisinopril inhibits angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) in human subjects and animals.  ACE is a peptidyl dipeptidase that catalyzes the conversion of angiotensin I to the vasoconstrictor substance, angiotensin II.  Angiotensin II also stimulates aldosterone secretion by the adrenal cortex.  The beneficial effects of lisinopril in hypertension and heart failure appear to result primarily from suppression of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system.  Inhibition of ACE results in decreased plasma angiotensin II which leads to decreased vasopressor activity and to decreased aldosterone secretion.  The latter decrease may result in a small increase of serum potassium.  In hypertensive patients with normal renal function treated with Zestril alone for up to 24 weeks, the mean increase in serum potassium was approximately 0.1 mEq/L; however, approximately 15% of patients had increases greater than 0.5 mEq/L and approximately 6% had a decrease greater than 0.5 mEq/L.  In the same study, patients treated with Zestril and hydrochlorothiazide for up to 24 weeks had a mean decrease in serum potassium of 0.1 mEq/L; approximately 4% of patients had increases greater than 0.5 mEq/L and approximately 12% had a decrease greater than 0.5 mEq/L . Removal of angiotensin II negative feedback on renin secretion leads to increased plasma renin activity.

ACE is identical to kininase, an enzyme that degrades bradykinin.  Whether increased levels of bradykinin, a potent vasodepressor peptide, play a role in the therapeutic effects of Zestril remains to be elucidated.

While the mechanism through which Zestril lowers blood pressure is believed to be primarily suppression of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, Zestril is antihypertensive even in patients with low-renin hypertension.  Although Zestril was antihypertensive in all races studied, Black hypertensive patients (usually a low-renin hypertensive population) had a smaller average response to monotherapy than non Black patients.

Concomitant administration of Zestril and hydrochlorothiazide further reduced blood pressure in Black and non-Black patients and any racial differences in blood pressure response were no longer evident.

Non-Clinical Toxicology
Zestril is contraindicated in combination with a neprilysin inhibitor (e.g., sacubitril). Do not administer Zestril within 36 hours of switching to or from sacubitril/valsartan, a neprilysin inhibitor .

Zestril is contraindicated in patients with:

Do not co-administer aliskiren with ZESTRIL in patients with diabetes .

See Table 2 for clinically significant drug interactions with diclofenac.

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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