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gatifloxacin

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Overview

What is ZYMAXID?

ZYMAXID is a quinolone antimicrobial topical ophthalmic solution for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis.  Its chemical name is (±)-1-Cyclopropyl-6-fluoro-1,4-dihydro-8-methoxy-7-(3-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-4-oxo-3-quinolinecarboxylic acid, sesquihydrate. Its molecular formula is CHFNO · 1½ HO and its molecular weight is 402.42. Its chemical structure is:

          

                                     

ZYMAXID is a clear, pale yellow, sterile, preserved aqueous solution with an osmolality of 260-330 mOsm/kg and a pH of 5.1-5.7.

ZYMAXID contains the active ingredient gatifloxacin 0.5% (5 mg/mL) and the inactive ingredients benzalkonium chloride 0.005%, edetate disodium, sodium chloride and purified water. ZYMAXID may contain hydrochloric acid and/or sodium hydroxide to adjust pH.



What does ZYMAXID look like?



What are the available doses of ZYMAXID?

Ophthalmic solution: 0.5% gatifloxacin (5mg/mL) ()

What should I talk to my health care provider before I take ZYMAXID?

How should I use ZYMAXID?

ZYMAXID is indicated for the treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis caused by susceptible strains of the following organisms:

  

*Efficacy for these organisms were studied in fewer than 10 infections 

Day 1: Instill one drop every two hours in the affected eye(s) while awake, up to 8 times.

Day 2 through Day 7: Instill one drop two to four times daily in the affected eye(s) while awake.


What interacts with ZYMAXID?

Sorry No Records found


What are the warnings of ZYMAXID?

Sorry No Records found


What are the precautions of ZYMAXID?

Sorry No Records found


What are the side effects of ZYMAXID?

Sorry No records found


What should I look out for while using ZYMAXID?

ZYMAXID is contraindicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to gatifloxacin, to other quinolones, or to any of the components in this medication  .


What might happen if I take too much ZYMAXID?

Sorry No Records found


How should I store and handle ZYMAXID?

Store between 20°C and 25°C (68°F and 77°F) Excursions permitted between 15°C and 30°C (59°F and 86°F).Protect from light.Store between 20°C and 25°C (68°F and 77°F) Excursions permitted between 15°C and 30°C (59°F and 86°F).Protect from light.ZYMAXID (gatifloxacin ophthalmic solution) 0.5% is supplied sterile in a white, low density polyethylene (LDPE) bottle with a controlled dropper tip, and a tan, high impact polystyrene (HIPS) cap in the following size:2.5 mL in 5 mL bottle: NDC 0023-3615-25Storage: ZYMAXID (gatifloxacin ophthalmic solution) 0.5% is supplied sterile in a white, low density polyethylene (LDPE) bottle with a controlled dropper tip, and a tan, high impact polystyrene (HIPS) cap in the following size:2.5 mL in 5 mL bottle: NDC 0023-3615-25Storage: ZYMAXID (gatifloxacin ophthalmic solution) 0.5% is supplied sterile in a white, low density polyethylene (LDPE) bottle with a controlled dropper tip, and a tan, high impact polystyrene (HIPS) cap in the following size:2.5 mL in 5 mL bottle: NDC 0023-3615-25Storage: ZYMAXID (gatifloxacin ophthalmic solution) 0.5% is supplied sterile in a white, low density polyethylene (LDPE) bottle with a controlled dropper tip, and a tan, high impact polystyrene (HIPS) cap in the following size:2.5 mL in 5 mL bottle: NDC 0023-3615-25Storage: 


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Clinical Information

Chemical Structure

No Image found
Clinical Pharmacology

Gatifloxacin is a quinolone antimicrobial 

Non-Clinical Toxicology
ZYMAXID is contraindicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to gatifloxacin, to other quinolones, or to any of the components in this medication  .

Metabolism of a number of medications, including antipsychotics, antidepressants, β-blockers, and antiarrhythmics, occurs through the cytochrome P450 2D6 isoenzyme (debrisoquine hydroxylase). Approximately 10% of the Caucasian population has reduced activity of this enzyme, so-called “poor” metabolizers. Among other populations the prevalence is not known. Poor metabolizers demonstrate higher plasma concentrations of antipsychotic drugs at usual doses, which may correlate with emergence of side effects. In one study of 45 elderly patients suffering from dementia treated with perphenazine, the 5 patients who were prospectively identified as poor P450 2D6 metabolizers had reported significantly greater side effects during the first 10 days of treatment than the 40 extensive metabolizers, following which the groups tended to converge. Prospective phenotyping of elderly patients prior to antipsychotic treatment may identify those at risk for adverse events.

The concomitant administration of other drugs that inhibit the activity of P450 2D6 may acutely increase plasma concentrations of antipsychotics. Among these are tricyclic antidepressants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, e.g., fluoxetine, sertraline and paroxetine. When prescribing these drugs to patients already receiving antipsychotic therapy, close monitoring is essential and dose reduction may become necessary to avoid toxicity. Lower doses than usually prescribed for either the antipsychotic or the other drug may be required.

Some patients receiving topical ophthalmic gatifloxacin experienced hypersensitivity reactions including anaphylactic reactions, angioedema (including pharyngeal, laryngeal, or facial edema), dyspnea, urticaria, and itching, even following a single dose. Rare cases of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome were reported in association with topical ophthalmic gatifloxacin use. If an allergic reaction to gatifloxacin occurs, discontinue the drug .

The following serious adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling:

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Reference

This information is obtained from the National Institute of Health's Standard Packaging Label drug database.
"https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/"

While we update our database periodically, we cannot guarantee it is always updated to the latest version.

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Professional

Clonazepam Description Each single-scored tablet, for oral administration, contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg Clonazepam, USP, a benzodiazepine. Each tablet also contains corn starch, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, and povidone. Clonazepam tablets USP 0.5 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake. Clonazepam tablets USP 1 mg contain Yellow D&C No. 10 Aluminum Lake, as well as FD&C Blue No. 1 Aluminum Lake. Chemically, Clonazepam, USP is 5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-7-nitro-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin-2-one. It is a light yellow crystalline powder. It has the following structural formula: C15H10ClN3O3 M.W. 315.72
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Tips

Tips

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Interactions

Interactions

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