Many drugs can lead to various side effects and oral health problems. The most common side effects are color changes to the teeth and gums, irregular bleeding, changes in taste, swollen gums, cavities, gum or bone loss and mouth sores. Repair may need to be done to fix damaged or deteriorating teeth and oral health. This can also affect confidence and self-esteem because these medications can change a person’s appearance. Here are a few medicines that can lead to skeletal bone density and dental issues, periodontal disease, osteoporosis and other health issues that may need repair.
Pain Relievers and Antidepressants
Those suffering from chronic pain conditions are more at risk of experiencing periodontal disease, bone loss, and tooth loss because drugs like opiates can make your mouth become dry and over time, this can lead to the erosion of the enamel on teeth. Meanwhile, antidepressants can have a destructive result on bone health and can cause a numerous amount of issues such as dental implant failing, oral infections from overgrowth of yeast, unpleasant breath, gum diseases and common drugs like SSRI, or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are known to cause dry mouth.
Blood Pressure or Heart Medications
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, beta blockers, diuretics and other ordinary medicines that are used to manage high blood pressure can also cause swollen gums, dry mouth, and weakening of the bones.
How To Avoid Weakening Teeth and Bones While On Medications
There are a few preventative measures that you can take to lessen the changes that your tooth or bone health will be affected by drugs like antidepressants, blood pressure or pain relief medications. There are sprays on the market that can help reduce the common side effect of dry mouth that can lead to a wide variety of oral health problems. Avoiding things like tobacco products, gums, and candy that contain sugar and alcohol can significantly help diminish the chances of experiencing these issues. You should also take good care of your oral hygiene by brushing twice a day and using a hydrating mouth rinse before bed. It may also be wise to find alternatives to these medications by incorporating things like proper diet and exercise.
Repairing the Damage
Repair is often needed after the damage has already been done to the teeth and bones and after a person has been on these medications for a long time. Bonding and other cosmetic dentistry procedures can help resolve certain dental complications, and make anyone feel comfortable and happy with their smile.You should see your dentist regularly for check-ups, cleanings, and exams to check the overall health of your teeth and gums and gain possible recommendations for repair as needed.